生物多样性 ›› 2011, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (6): 655-660.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2011.06136

所属专题: 中国的海洋生物多样性

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

世界今生砂壳纤毛虫名录

张武昌1*, 丰美萍1, 2, 于莹1, 2, 张翠霞1, 3, 孙军3, 肖天1   

  1. 1中国科学院海洋研究所海洋生态与环境科学重点实验室, 青岛 266071
    2中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049
    3天津科技大学海洋科学与工程学院, 天津 300457
  • 收稿日期:2011-08-07 修回日期:2011-11-15 出版日期:2011-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 张武昌 E-mail:wuchangzhang@163.com
  • 基金项目:

    小型浮游动物在我国近海浮游生态系统中的作用研究

Species checklist of contemporary tintinnids (Ciliophora, Spirotrichea, Choreotrichia, Tintinnida) in the world

Wuchang Zhang1*, Meiping Feng1, 2, Ying Yu1, 2, Cuixia Zhang1, 3, Jun Sun3, Tian Xiao1   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071

    2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049

    3 College of Marine Science & Engineering, Tianjin University of Science & Technology, Tianjin 300457
  • Received:2011-08-07 Revised:2011-11-15 Online:2011-11-20
  • Contact: Wuchang Zhang E-mail:wuchangzhang@163.com

砂壳纤毛虫隶属于纤毛门、旋毛纲、环毛亚纲、砂壳目。本文总结了自Kofoid和Campbell(1929)以来的分类学资料, 参照Lynn(2008)的分类系统, 整理成世界砂壳纤毛虫新名录。厘清砂壳纤毛虫共有15科69属954种, 其中海洋种为15科69属925种, 淡水种为3科5属29种。在所有属中, 以拟铃虫属(Tintinnopsis)包含物种最多, 为137种, 其中海洋种为118种。我国水体共记录有13科36属164种, 海洋种13科36属144种, 淡水种2科3属20种。除杯形铃壳虫(Codonella cratera)、湖泊领细壳虫(Stenosemella lacustris)、蜉蝣筒壳虫(Tintinnidium ephemeridum)、蝌蚪筒壳虫(Tintinnidium ranunculi)、半缘筒壳虫(Tintinnidium semiciliatum)、纺锤拟铃虫(Tintinnopsis fusiformis)、伊利诺拟铃虫(Tintinnopsis illinoisensis)、卵圆拟铃虫(Tintinnopsis ovalis)、圆柱拟铃虫(Tintinnopsis cylindrata)、这9个种外, 其他淡水种在我国都有记录。该名录中, 除了已有中文名的159种外, 其余的种我们给出了中文译名, 并将部分译为似铃虫属(Tintinnopsis)的中文名统一为拟铃虫属, 部分译为麻铃虫属(Leprotintinnus)的中文名统一为薄铃虫属, 将截短角口虫(Salpingella decurtata)改为截短号角虫, 将冰生拟铃壳虫(Codonellopsis glacialis)改为冰生类铃虫。

A species checklist of contemporary living tintinnid (Ciliophora, Spirotrichea, Tintinnida) ciliates around the world was compiled according to references since Kofoid and Campbell (1929). A total of 954 species belonging to 69 genera and 15 families were listed in marine and fresh waters all over the world. Among them, 925 species live in marine habitats and 29 species live in fresh water biotopes. Tintinnopsis is the most abundant genus. It has 137 species, of which 118 live in marine habitats. In China, 164 species including 20 species in fresh waters, belonging to 36 genera and 13 families, have been recorded. Of them, 144 species live in the seas. There were 9 species, namely Codonella cratera, Stenosemella lacustris, Tintinnidium ephemeridum,Tintinnidium ranunculi, Tintinnidium semiciliatum, Tintinnopsis fusiformis, Tintinnopsis illinoisensis, Tintinnopsis ovalis, and Tintinnopsis cylindrata, living in fresh waters in the list were not recorded in China. In the list, Chinese species name were given, of which159 were adopted from the present literature. We also revised Chinese name of Salpingella decurtata, Codonellopsis glacialis and several species of genera Tintinnopsis and Leprotintinnus.

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