生物多样性 ›› 2010, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (6): 638-646.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.2010.638

所属专题: 外来物种入侵:机制、影响与防控

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

悬铃木方翅网蝽: 一种正在迅速扩张的城市外来入侵害虫

鞠瑞亭1, 2; 李博1*   

  1. 1复旦大学生物多样性与生态工程教育部重点实验室、长江河口湿地生态系统野外科学观测研究站, 上海 200433
    2上海市园林科学研究所植物保护研究部, 上海 200232
  • 收稿日期:2010-03-29 出版日期:2010-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 李博

Sycamore lace bug, Corythucha ciliata, an invasive alien pest rapidly spreading in urban China

Ruiting Ju1, 2; Bo Li1*   

  1. 1Coastal Ecosystems Research Station of the Yangtze River Estuary, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, Institute of Biodiversity Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433

    2Department of Plant Protection, Shanghai Institute of Landscape Gardening Science, Shanghai 200232
  • Received:2010-03-29 Online:2010-11-20
  • Contact: Bo Li

悬铃木方翅网蝽(Corythucha ciliata)是新近入侵我国城市生态系统的外来害虫, 严重危害城市行道树悬铃木(Platanus spp.), 自2002年该虫在湖南长沙首度报道以来, 已在我国11个省(直辖市)的25个城市发生, 尤其在长江流域呈现爆发态势。本文系统介绍了悬铃木方翅网蝽的生活史、生活习性、繁殖潜力等生物学特性, 以及扩散速度与方式、影响发生的主要环境因素、种群的耐寒耐热能力等生态学特性。最后, 在分析该虫的寄主及危害特点的基础上, 对其控制与管理对策进行了综述, 以为其管理提供参考。

An exotic invasive pest, the sycamore lace bug, Corythucha ciliata (Say) (Hemiptera: Tingidae), was first found in Changsha of Hunan Province in 2002 and has since been recorded in 25 cities in 11 Chinese provinces or municipalities. This species feeds mainly on leaves of Platanus spp. trees. Heavy infestations have been concentrated in the Yangtze River basin. Here, we briefly describe this species, focusing on its invasion biology. In so doing, we first review the lace bug’s biological characteristics, including its life history, feeding habits and reproduction, and then focus on its invasion ecology, covering invasion pathways, adaptation during invasion (cold and heat tolerance), and major environmental factors affecting its invasion success and its impact on native urban ecosystems. Finally, we make some suggestions for managing this bug in Chinese cities.

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