生物多样性 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (2): 175-181.doi: 10.17520/biods.2016183

所属专题: 生物多样性与生态系统功能

• • 上一篇    下一篇

系统发育多样性在植物区系研究与 生物多样性保护中的应用

慈秀芹, 李捷*()   

  1. 中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园综合保护中心植物系统发育与保护生物学实验室, 昆明 650223
  • 收稿日期:2016-07-12 接受日期:2016-10-16 出版日期:2017-02-20
  • 通讯作者: 李捷 E-mail:jieli@xtbg.ac.cn
  • 基金项目:
    国家自然科学基金(31500454)

Phylogenetic diversity and its application in floristics and biodiversity conservation

Xiuqin Ci, Jie Li*()   

  1. Plant Phylogenetics and Conservation Group, Center for Integrative Conservation, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223
  • Received:2016-07-12 Accepted:2016-10-16 Online:2017-02-20
  • Contact: Li Jie E-mail:jieli@xtbg.ac.cn

利用系统发育关系从进化角度理解物种的组成、分布格局对可为有效保护和合理利用生物多样性提供科学依据。以支长为基础的系统发育多样性是最基本的测度指数, 由此衍生出的几十个参数加大了选择难度。根据具体研究的问题选择合适的指标, 是目前最为可行的方案, 已经在植物系统发育区系研究和生物多样性保护中取得了一系列研究成果。DNA序列迅速积累特别是DNA条形码项目在全球的大力发展, 提供了海量的标准化数据, 为构建解决能力较好的宏系统发育树提供了可能。但是围绕系统发育多样性开展的相关研究还需要更多的物种分布、环境因子、气候等基础数据, 同时对其在生态系统功能上的表征作用需要进一步验证。

关键词: 进化历史, DNA条形码, 宏系统发育树, 多样性, 区系, 保护

The application of phylogenetic relationships helps us to understand species composition and species distribution patterns, which provide a scientific basis for the effective protection and sustainable use of biological diversity. Phylogenetic diversity (PDfaith), based on branch lengths of the phylogenetic tree, is the most basic measurement index. Many indices are derived from PDfaith, which makes difficult to choose the most appropriate parameters. The most effective and feasible way is to select suitable indices based on specific research questions, and some examples have been presented in plant phylofloristics and biodiversity conservation. DNA sequences have rapidly accumulated particularly through the global DNA barcoding project, which provides a standardized mass data, and can be used to reconstruct mega-phylogeny. But studies conducted around the phylogenetic diversity require more information, specifically data on species distribution, environmental factors, and climatic data. In addition, some fundamental questions need to be verified, such as the relationship between phylogenetic diversity and ecosystem functions.

Key words: evolutional history, DNA barcoding, megaphylogeny, biodiversity, flora, conservation

1 Abellán P, Sánchez-Fernández D, Picazo F, Millán A, Lobo JM, Ribera I (2013) Preserving the evolutionary history of freshwater biota in Iberian National Parks. Biological Conservation, 162, 116-126.
2 Ahrendsen DL, Aust SK, Kellar PR (2015) Biodiversity assessment using next-generation sequencing: comparison of phylogenetic and functional diversity between Nebraska grasslands. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 302, 89-108.
3 APG IV (2016) An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 181, 1-20.
4 Arroyo-Rodríguez V, Cavender-Bares J, Escobar F, Melo FPL, Tabarelli M, Santos BA (2012) Maintenance of tree phylogenetic diversity in a highly fragmented rain forest. Journal of Ecology, 100, 702-711.
5 Athayde EA, Cancian LF, Verdade LM, Morellato LPC (2015) Functional and phylogenetic diversity of scattered trees in an agricultural landscape: implications for conservation. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 199, 272-281.
6 Buerki S, Callmander MW, Bachman S, Moat J, Labat J-N, Forest F (2015) Incorporating evolutionary history into conservation planning in biodiversity hotspots. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 370, 20140014.
7 Cadotte MW (2013) Experimental evidence that evolutionarily diverse assemblages result in higher productivity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 110, 8996-9000.
8 Cadotte MW, Cardinale BJ, Oakley TH (2008) Evolutionary history and the effect of biodiversity on plant productivity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 105, 17012-17017.
9 Cadotte MW, Dinnage R, Tilman D (2012) Phylogenetic diversity promotes ecosystem stability. Ecology, 93, S223-S233.
10 Cardinale BJ, Venail P, Gross K, Oakley TH, Narwani A, Allan E, Flombaum P, Joshi J, Reich PB, Tilman D, van Ruijven J (2015) Further re-analyses looking for effects of phylogenetic diversity on community biomass and stability. Functional Ecology, 29, 1607-1610.
11 Cavender-Bares J, Keen A, Miles B (2006) Phylogenetic structure of Floridian plant communities depends on taxonomic and spatial scale. Ecology, 87, 109-122.
12 Cavender-Bares J, Kozak KH, Fine PVA, Kembel SW (2009) The merging of community ecology and phylogenetic biology. Ecology Letters, 12, 693-715.
13 Chen ZD, Yang T, Lin L, Lu LM, Li HL, Sun M, Liu B, Chen M, Niu YT, Ye JF, Cao ZY, Liu HM, Wang XM, Wang W, Zhang JB, Meng Z, Cao W, Li JH, Wu SD, Zhao HL, Liu ZJ, Du ZY, Wang QF, Guo J, Tan XX, Su JX, Zhang LJ, Yang LL, Liao YY, Li MH, Zhang GQ, Chung SW, Zhang J, Xiang KL, Li RQ, Soltis DE, Soltis PS, Zhou SL, Ran JH, Wang XQ, Jin XH, Chen YS, Gao TG, Li JH, Zhang SZ, Lu AM, China Phylogeny Consortium (2016) Tree of life for the genera of Chinese vascular plants. Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 54, 277-306.
14 Chiu CH, Jost L, Chao A (2014) Phylogenetic beta diversity, similarity, and differentiation measures based on Hill numbers. Ecological Monographs, 84, 21-44.
15 Costion CM, Edwards W, Ford AJ, Metcalfe DJ, Cross HB, Harrington MG, Richardson JE, Hilbert DW, Lowe AJ, Crayn DM (2015) Using phylogenetic diversity to identify ancient rain forest refugia and diversification zones in a biodiversity hotspot. Diversity and Distributions, 21, 279-289.
16 Daru BH, le Roux PC (2016) Marine protected areas are insufficient to conserve global marine plant diversity. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 25, 324-334.
17 Davies TJ, Buckley LB (2012) Exploring the phylogenetic history of mammal species richness. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 21, 1096-1105.
18 Davies TJ, Fritz SA, Grenyer R, Orme CD, Bielby J, Bininda-Emonds OR, Cardillo M, Jones KE, Gittleman JL, Mace GM, Purvis A (2008) Phylogenetic trees and the future of mammalian biodiversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 105, 11556-11563.
19 Dinnage R, Cadotte MW, Haddad NM, Crutsinger GM, Tilman D (2012) Diversity of plant evolutionary lineages promotes arthropod diversity. Ecology Letters, 15, 1308-1317.
20 Faith DP (1992) Conservation evaluation and phylogenetic diversity. Biological Conservation, 61, 1-10.
21 Faith DP (2015) Phylogenetic diversity, functional trait diversity and extinction: avoiding tipping points and worst-case losses. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 370, 200140011.
22 Faith DP, Richards Z (2012) Climate change impacts on the Tree of Life: changes in phylogenetic diversity illustrated for Acropora Corals. Biology, 1, 906-932.
23 Faith DP, Baker AM (2006) Phylogenetic diversity (PD) and biodiversity conservation: some bioinformatics challenges. Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online, 2, 121-128.
24 Fine PVA, Kembel SW (2011) Phylogenetic community structure and phylogenetic turnover across space and edaphic gradients in western Amazonian tree communities. Ecography, 34, 552-565.
25 Flynn DFB, Mirotchnick N, Jain M, Palmer MI, Naeem S (2011) Functional and phylogenetic diversity as predictors of biodiversity-ecosystem-function relationships. Ecology, 92, 1573-1581.
26 Forest F, Grenyer R, Rouget M, Davies TJ, Cowling RM, Faith DP, Balmford A, Manning JC, Procheş Ş, van der Bank M, Reeves G, Hedderson TAJ, Savolainen V (2007) Preserving the evolutionary potential of floras in biodiversity hotspots. Nature, 445, 757-760.
27 Frishkoff LO, Karp DS, M’Gonigle LK, Mendenhall CD, Zook J, Kremen C, Hadly EA, Daily GC (2014) Loss of avian phylogenetic diversity in neotropical agricultural systems. Science, 345, 1343-1346.
28 Ge XJ (2015) Application of DNA barcoding in phylofloristics study. Biodiversity Science, 23, 295-296.
(in Chinese) [葛学军 (2015) DNA条形码在植物系统发育区系学研究中的应用. 生物多样性, 23, 295-296.]
29 González-Orozco CE, Mishler BD, Miller JT, Laffan SW, Knerr N, Unmack P, Georges A, Thornhill AH, Rosauer DF, Gruber B (2015) Assessing biodiversity and endemism using phylogenetic methods across multiple taxonomic groups. Ecology and Evolution, 5, 5177-5192.
30 Harrison S, Cornell H (2008) Toward a better understanding of the regional causes of local community richness. Ecology Letters, 11, 969-979.
31 Helmus MR, Bland TJ, Williams CK, Ives AR (2007) Phylogenetic measures of biodiversity. The American Naturalist, 169, E68-E83.
32 Honorio Coronado EN, Dexter KG, Pennington RT, Chave J, Lewis SL, Alexiades MN, Alvarez E, Alves de Oliveira A, Amaral IL, Araujo-Murakami A, Arets EJMM, Aymard GA, Baraloto C, Bonal D, Brienen R, Cerón C, Cornejo Valverde F, Di Fiore A, Farfan-Rios W, Feldpausch TR, Higuchi N, Huamantupa-Chuquimaco I, Laurance SG, Laurance WF, López-Gonzalez G, Marimon BS, Marimon-Junior BH, Monteagudo Mendoza A, Neill D, Palacios Cuenca W, Peñuela Mora MC, Pitman NCA, Prieto A, Quesada CA, Ramirez Angulo H, Rudas A, Ruschel AR, Salinas Revilla N, Salomão RP, Segalin de Andrade A, Silman MR, Spironello W, ter Steege H, Terborgh J, Toledo M, Valenzuela Gamarra L, Vieira ICG, Vilanova TE, Vos V, Phillips OL (2015) Phylogenetic diversity of Amazonian tree communities. Diversity and Distributions, 21, 1295-1307.
33 Isaac NJB, Turvey ST, Collen B, Waterman C, Baillie JEM (2007) Mammals on the EDGE: conservation priorities based on threat and phylogeny. PLoS ONE, 2, e296.
34 Jetz W, Thomas GH, Joy JB, Hartmann K, Mooers AO (2012) The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature, 491, 444-448.
35 Kembel SW, Hubbell SP (2006) The phylogenetic structure of a neotropical forest tree community. Ecology, 87, S86-S99.
36 Knapp S, Kühn I, Schweiger O, Klotz S (2008) Challenging urban species diversity: contrasting phylogenetic patterns across plant functional groups in Germany. Ecology Letters, 11, 1054-1064.
37 Laity T, Laffan SW, González-Orozco CE, Faith DP, Rosauer DF, Byrne M, Miller JT, Crayn D, Costion C, Moritz CC, Newport K (2015) Phylodiversity to inform conservation policy: an Australian example. Science of the Total Environment, 534, 131-143.
38 Li R, Kraft NJB, Yang J, Wang Y (2015) A phylogenetically informed delineation of floristic regions within a biodiversity hotspot in Yunnan, China. Scientific Reports, 5, 9396.
39 Mishler BD, Knerr N, González-Orozco CE, Thornhill AH, Laffan SW, Miller JT (2014) Phylogenetic measures of biodiversity and neo- and paleo-endemism in Australian Acacia. Nature Communications, 5, 4473.
40 Mouquet N, Devictor V, Meynard CN, Munoz F, Bersier L-F, Chave J, Couteron P, Dalecky A, Fontaine C, Gravel D, Hardy OJ, Jabot F, Lavergne S, Leibold M, Mouillot D, Münkemüller T, Pavoine S, Prinzing A, Rodrigues ASL, Rohr RP, Thébault E, Thuiller W (2012) Ecophylogenetics: advances and perspectives. Biological Reviews, 87, 769-785.
41 Pavoine S, Bonsall M (2011) Measuring biodiversity to explain community assembly: a unified approach. Biological Reviews, 86, 792-812.
42 Pio DV, Engler R, Linder HP, Monadjem A, Cotterill FPD, Taylor PJ, Schoeman MC, Price BW, Villet MH, Eick G, Salamin N, Guisan A (2014) Climate change effects on animal and plant phylogenetic diversity in southern Africa. Global Change Biology, 20, 1538-1549.
43 Pollock LJ, Rosauer DF, Thornhill AH, Kujala H, Crisp MD, Miller JT, McCarthy MA (2015) Phylogenetic diversity meets conservation policy: small areas are key to preserving eucalypt lineages. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 370, 20140007.
44 Posadas P, Miranda Esquivel DR, Crisci JV (2001) Using phylogenetic diversity measures to set priorities in conservation: an example from southern South America. Conservation Biology, 15, 1325-1334.
45 Potter KM, Woodall CW (2014) Does biodiversity make a difference? Relationships between species richness, evolutionary diversity, and aboveground live tree biomass across U. S. forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 321, 117-129.
46 Qian H, Jiang L (2014) Phylogenetic community ecology: integrating community ecology and evolutionary biology. Journal of Plant Ecology, 7, 97-100.
47 Qian H, Swenson NG, Zhang JL (2013) Phylogenetic beta diversity of angiosperms in North America. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 22, 1152-1161.
48 Rodrigues ASL, Gaston KJ (2002) Maximising phylogenetic diversity in the selection of networks of conservation areas. Biological Conservation, 105, 103-111.
49 Rodrigues ASL, Brooks TM, Gaston KJ (2005) Integrating phylogenetic diversity in the selection of priority areas for conservation: does it make a difference? In: Phylogeny and Conservation (eds Purvis A, Gittleman JL, Brooks TM), pp. 101-199. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
50 Rosauer DF, Laffan SW, Crisp MD, Donnellan SC, Cook LG (2009) Phylogenetic endemism: a new approach for identifying geographical concentrations of evolutionary history. Molecular Ecology, 18, 4061-4072.
51 Sarkar S, Pressey RL, Faith DP, Margules CR, Fuller T, Stoms DM, Moffett A, Wilson KA, Williams KL, Williams PH, Andelman S (2006) Biodiversity conservation planning tools: present status and challenges for the future. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 31, 123-159.?
52 Sechrest W, Brooks TM, da Fonseca GAB, Konstant WR, Mittermeier RA, Purvis A, Rylands AB, Gittleman JL (2002) Hotspots and the conservation of evolutionary history. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 99, 2067-2071.
53 Shapcott A, Forster PI, Guymer GP, McDonald WJF, Faith DP, Erickson D, Kress WJ (2015) Mapping biodiversity and setting conservation priorities for SE Queensland’s rainforests using DNA barcoding. PLoS ONE, 10, e0122164.
54 Srivastava DS, Cadotte MW, MacDonald AM, Marushia RG, Mirotchnick N (2012) Phylogenetic diversity and the functioning of ecosystems. Ecology Letters, 15, 637-648.
55 Swenson NG, Umana MN (2014) Phylofloristics: an example from the Lesser Antilles. Journal of Plant Ecology, 7, 166-175.
56 Thornhill AH, Mishler BD, Knerr NJ, González-Orozco CE, Costion CM, Crayn DM, Laffan SW, Miller JT (2016) Continental-scale spatial phylogenetics of Australian angiosperms provides insights into ecology, evolution and conservation. Journal of Biogeography, 43, 2085-2098
57 Tucker CM, Cadotte MW (2013) Unifying measures of biodiversity: understanding when richness and phylogenetic diversity should be congruent. Diversity and Distributions, 19, 845-854.
58 Tucker CM, Cadotte MW, Carvalho SB, Davies TJ, Ferrier S, Fritz SA, Grenyer R, Helmus MR, Jin LS, Mooers AO, Pavoine S, Purschke O, Redding DW, Rosauer DF, Winter M, Mazel F (2016) A guide to phylogenetic metrics for conservation, community ecology and macroecology. Biological Reviews, doi: 10.1111/brv.12252.
59 Vane-Wright RI, Humphries CJ, Williams PH (1991) What to protect? Systematics and the agony of choice. Biological Conservation, 55, 235-254.
60 Wang L, Young SS, Wang W, Ren G, Xiao W, Long Y, Li J, Zhu J (2016) Conservation priorities of forest ecosystems with evaluations of connectivity and future threats: implications in the Eastern Himalaya of China. Biological Conservation, 195, 128-135.
61 Webb CO, Donoghue MJ (2005) Phylomatic: tree assembly for applied phylogenetics. Molecular Ecology Notes, 5, 181-183.
62 Winter M, Devictor V, Schweiger O (2013) Phylogenetic diversity and nature conservation: where are we? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 28, 199-204.
63 Winter M, Schweiger O, Klotz S, Nentwig W, Andriopoulos P, Arianoutsou M, Basnou C, Delipetrou P, Didziulis V, Hejda M, Hulme PE, Lambdon PW, Pergl J, Pysek P, Roy DB, Kühn I (2009) Plant extinctions and introductions lead to phylogenetic and taxonomic homogenization of the European flora. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 106, 21721-21725.
64 Zanne AE, Tank DC, Cornwell WK, Eastman JM, Smith SA, FitzJohn RG, McGlinn DJ, O’Meara BC, Moles AT, Reich PB, Royer DL, Soltis DE, Stevens PF, Westoby M, Wright IJ, Aarssen L, Bertin RI, Calaminus A, Govaerts R, Hemmings F, Leishman MR, Oleksyn J, Soltis PS, Swenson NG, Warman L, Beaulieu JM (2014) Three keys to the radiation of angiosperms into freezing environments. Nature, 506, 89-92.
65 Zhang J, Nielsen SE, Stolar J, Chen Y, Thuiller W (2015) Gains and losses of plant species and phylogenetic diversity for a northern high-latitude region. Diversity and Distributions, 21, 1441-1454.
66 Zhang JL, Swenson NG, Chen SB, Liu XJ, Li ZS, Huang JH, Mi XC, Ma KP (2013) Phylogenetic beta diversity in tropical forests: implications for the roles of geographical and environmental distance. Journal of Systematic Evolution, 51, 71-85.
[1] 李熠 刘冬梅 王科 吴海军 蔡蕾 蔡磊 李俊生 姚一建. (2020) 中国大型真菌红色名录评估中存在的问题及今后的对策(大型真菌红色名录专辑). 生物多样性, 28(1): 0-0.
[2] 李熠 唐志尧 闫昱晶 王科 蔡磊 贺金生 古松 姚一建. (2020) 物种分布模型在大型真菌红色名录评估及保护中的应用: 以冬虫夏草为例(大型真菌红色名录专辑). 生物多样性, 28(1): 0-0.
[3] 庄文颖 李熠 郑焕娣 曾昭清 王新存. (2020) 中国大型子囊菌受威胁现状及致危因素分析(大型真菌红色名录专辑). 生物多样性, 28(1): 0-0.
[4] 李顺, 邹亮, 宫一男, 杨海涛, 王天明, 冯利民, 葛剑平. (2019) 激光雷达技术在动物生态学领域的研究进展. 生物多样性, 27(9): 1021-1031.
[5] 史晓昀, 施小刚, 胡强, 官天培, 付强, 张剑, 姚蒙, 李晟. (2019) 四川邛崃山脉雪豹与散放牦牛潜在分布重叠与捕食风险评估. 生物多样性, 27(9): 951-959.
[6] 肖凌云, 程琛, 万华伟, 张德海, 王永财, 才旦, 侯鹏, 李娟, 杨欣, 吕植, 刘玉平. (2019) 三江源地区雪豹保护优先区规划. 生物多样性, 27(9): 943-950.
[7] 杨锐, 彭钦一, 曹越, 钟乐, 侯姝彧, 赵智聪, 黄澄. (2019) 中国生物多样性保护的变革性转变及路径. 生物多样性, 27(9): 1032-1040.
[8] 方文静,蔡琼,朱江玲,吉成均,岳明,郭卫华,张峰,高贤明,唐志尧,方精云. (2019) 华北地区落叶松林的分布、群落结构和物种多样性. 植物生态学报, 43(9): 742-752.
[9] 李永民, 吴孝兵. (2019) 安徽省两栖爬行动物名录修订. 生物多样性, 27(9): 1002-1011.
[10] 陈自宏, 王元兵, 代永东, 陈凯, 徐玲, 何謦成. (2019) 滇西太保山森林公园子囊菌门虫生真菌物种多样性及其消长动态. 生物多样性, 27(9): 993-1001.
[11] 施晶晶,赵鸣飞,王宇航,薛峰,康慕谊,江源. (2019) 黄土高原腹地人工林下草本层群落构建机制. 植物生态学报, 43(9): 834-842.
[12] 李小雨, 肖凌云, 梁旭昶, 程琛, 冯琛, 赵翔, 刘炎林, 卞晓星, 何兵, 张常智, Justine Shanti Alexander, 邢睿, 黄亚慧, 阿旺久美, 谢然尼玛, 宋大昭, 黄巧雯, 扎西桑俄, 彭奎, 尹杭, 连新明, 杨欣, 李晟, 施小刚, 杨创明, 吕植. (2019) 中国雪豹的威胁与保护现状. 生物多样性, 27(9): 932-942.
[13] 唐丽丽,杨彤,刘鸿雁,康慕谊,王仁卿,张峰,高贤明,岳明,张梅,郑璞帆,石福臣. (2019) 华北地区荆条灌丛分布及物种多样性空间分异 规律. 植物生态学报, 43(9): 825-833.
[14] 许金石,柴永福,刘晓,岳明,郭垚鑫,康慕谊,刘全儒,郑成洋,吉成均,闫明,张峰,高贤明,王仁卿,石福臣,张钦弟,王茂. (2019) 华北区域环境梯度上阔叶林构建模式及分布成因. 植物生态学报, 43(9): 732-741.
[15] 秦浩,张殷波,董刚,张峰. (2019) 山西关帝山森林群落物种、谱系和功能多样性海拔格局. 植物生态学报, 43(9): 762-773.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed