生物多样性 ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 21507.  DOI: 10.17520/biods.2021507

• 生物编目 • 上一篇    下一篇

世界鞘翅目2020年新分类单元

丁强1,2, 李露露1,3, 路园园1, 周璇1,4, 戴胜5, 杨凡5, 王家保5, 陈悦娜5, 盛垠颖5, 顾帅5, 白明1,2,6,*()   

  1. 1.中国科学院动物研究所动物进化与系统学重点实验室, 北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
    3.安徽师范大学生命科学学院, 安徽芜湖 241000
    4.长江大学农学院, 湖北荆州 434000
    5.江苏第二师范学院生命科学与化学化工学院, 南京 210013
    6.海南省崖州湾种子实验室, 海南三亚 572000
  • 收稿日期:2021-12-08 接受日期:2022-02-23 出版日期:2022-04-07 发布日期:2022-03-16
  • 通讯作者: 白明
  • 作者简介:*E-mail: baim@ioz.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技基础资源调查专项(2019FY100400);国家科技基础资源调查专项(2019FY101800);国家自然科学基金(31961143002);国家自然科学基金(31900317);江苏第二师范学院昆虫资源与多样性研究所开放课题;海南省崖州湾种子实验室揭榜挂帅项目(B21HJ0102)

The world new taxa of Coleoptera in 2020

Qiang Ding1,2, Lulu Li1,3, Yuanyuan Lu1, Xuan Zhou1,4, Sheng Dai5, Fan Yang5, Jiabao Wang5, Yuena Chen5, Yinying Sheng5, Shuai Gu5, Ming Bai1,2,6,*()   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
    3 College of Life Sciences, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui 241000
    4 College of Agriculture, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, Hubei 434000
    5 School of Life Sciences, Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu Second Normal University, Nanjing 210013
    6 Hainan Yazhou Bay Seed Lab, Sanya, Hainan 572000
  • Received:2021-12-08 Accepted:2022-02-23 Online:2022-04-07 Published:2022-03-16
  • Contact: Ming Bai

摘要:

鞘翅目昆虫是陆地上最大的生物类群, 具有极为丰富的物种多样性和形态多样性, 在陆地生态系统中发挥着重要作用, 与人类社会生产密不可分。定期对世界鞘翅目新分类单元进行汇总整理, 有助于更好地了解鞘翅目多样性的发展动态, 从而促进对生态系统结构与功能的了解以及鞘翅目昆虫资源的开发与保护。本文对2020年发表的世界鞘翅目分类学文献进行了系统地整理与分析。结果表明, 2020年共发表世界鞘翅目新分类单元3,228个(含化石种类), 包括1个新科5个新亚科13个新族218个新属18个新亚属2,973个新种; 提出了1,319个新组合610个新异名49个降级的分类单元及61个升级的分类单元。重点研究的类群包括隐翅虫科(Staphylinidae)、步甲科(Carabidae)、象甲科(Curculionidae)、天牛科(Cerambycidae)等。世界鞘翅目昆虫新物种模式标本产地涉及118个国家和地区, 大部分新物种分布于中国、巴西、墨西哥、厄瓜多尔、印度尼西亚、澳大利亚和越南。收录世界鞘翅目昆虫新发表种的论文/专著共995篇/部, 涉及期刊或出版社141个。2020年, 世界鞘翅目分类学取得了显著进展, 但同时也暴露了新种发现速度略慢于1978-2000年的平均速度以及地区和类群研究力度不均衡的问题, 未来仍需加大投入, 探寻更加高效准确的方法, 以期实现对全球生物多样性的全面评估和保护。

关键词: 世界, 鞘翅目, 新分类单元, 分类学

Abstract

AimsColeoptera is the largest group on the land, with extremely rich species diversity and morphological diversity, and plays an important role in terrestrial ecosystems and is closely related to human social production. Regularly summarizing the new taxa of the Coleoptera in the world will help disseminate recent achievements in the field of taxonomy and provide a valuable resource for the beetle diversity, so as to promote the development and protection of Coleoptera resources.

MethodIn this study, we systematically collected and analyzed the taxonomic literature of Coleoptera published in 2020 from around the world.

Results In 2020, a total of 3,228 new taxa of Coleoptera in the world were published, including 1 new family, 5 new subfamilies, 13 new tribes, 218 new genera, 18 new subgenera, 2,973 new species. In addition, this paper also collected 1,319 new combinations, 610 new synonyms, 49 degraded taxa and 61 raised taxa. The most studied taxa included Staphylinidae, Carabidae, Curculionidae, Cerambycidae, etc. The new species of Coleoptera in 2020 were reported from 118 countries and regions, with most discoveries being concentrated in China, Brazil, Mexico, Ecuador, Indonesia, Australia, Vietnam, etc. These new findings were reported in 995 articles or monographs from 141 journals or publishers.

Conclusion In 2020, there was significant progress in global beetle taxonomy, while the discovery rate of new species is slightly slower than the average rate between 1978 and 2000 and the regional bias is occurred. It is crucial to increase the investment on taxonomy and explore more efficient and accurate methods to access and protect the global biodiversity thoroughly.

Key words: world, Coleoptera, new taxa, taxonomy