生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (9): 1090-1096.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020105

• 中国野生动物红外相机监测网络专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

西南纵向岭谷区兽类及雉类红外相机监测平台:方案、进展与前景

李学友1, 胡文强1, 普昌哲1, 李权1, 于秋鹏1, 胡哲畅1, William V. Bleisch2, 蒋学龙1,*()   

  1. 1 中国科学院昆明动物研究所遗传资源与进化国家重点实验室, 昆明 650223
    2 中国(香港)探险协会, 香港 999077
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-20 接受日期:2020-08-31 出版日期:2020-09-20 发布日期:2020-10-22
  • 通讯作者: 蒋学龙
  • 作者简介:*E-mail: jiangxl@mail.kiz.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(31601874);生物多样性调查、观测与评估项目(2019HB2096001006)

Camera-trapping monitoring platform for mammals and pheasants in the Longitudinal Range and Gorge Region of Southwest China: Protocol, progress and future outlook

Xueyou Li1, Wenqiang Hu1, Changzhe Pu1, Quan Li1, Qiupeng Yu1, Zhechang Hu1, William V. Bleisch2, Xuelong Jiang1,*()   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223
    2 China Exploration and Research Society, Hong Kong 999077
  • Received:2020-03-20 Accepted:2020-08-31 Online:2020-09-20 Published:2020-10-22
  • Contact: Xuelong Jiang

摘要:

纵向岭谷区地处我国西南部, 是以南北走向为主的山系河谷区。纵向山系、河谷的特殊环境格局的“通道-阻隔”作用及其关联效应使其成为动物南来北往的重要生态走廊和东西扩散的阻隔, 孕育着孟加拉虎(Panthera tigris tigris)、滇金丝猴(Rhinopithecus bieti)、怒江金丝猴(R. strykeri)、高黎贡白眉长臂猿(Hoolock tianxing)、西黑冠长臂猿(Nomascus concolor)、扭角羚(Budorcas taxicolor)等珍稀濒危哺乳动物。西南纵向岭谷区兽类及雉类红外相机监测平台始建于2011年, 由中国科学院昆明动物研究所牵头。监测区主要覆盖西藏东南部的墨脱地区、高黎贡山、芒市、铜壁关、碧罗雪山、白马雪山、普达措、无量山、哀牢山、澜沧勐矿、西双版纳勐养子保护区和黄连山。目前已建立35个监测样区, 包括自然保护区、国家公园、非保护地等多种类型。截至2019年12月, 共完成803个红外相机监测位点的调查和监测。有效相机工作日约37.92万天, 获得独立有效照片26.99万张。共识别出7目20科60种大中型野生哺乳动物和15种雉类, 包括国家I级重点保护野生动物22种, 国家II级重点保护野生动物27种, IUCN受威胁物种24种, 《中国脊椎动物红色名录》受威胁物种41种。建议今后加强对孟加拉虎、亚洲象(Elephas maximus)等旗舰动物的监测, 服务国家公园规划和生物多样性保护, 深入研究人类活动对大中型哺乳动物群落的影响。

关键词: 纵向岭谷区, 西南山地, 大中型兽类, 雉类, 人类活动, 多样性监测, 红外相机

Abstract:

Located in Southwest China, the Longitudinal Range and Gorge Region is considered major biodiversity hotspots globally. This region is comprised of high mountains and deep valleys that run longitudinally, which creates both corridors for north-south ranging fauna as well as geographical isolators for latitudinal assemblages. This region is a stronghold for biodiversity conservation in China, supporting habitats for flagship species such as Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris titris), Yunnan snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus bieti), Burmese snub-nosed monkey (R. strykeri), Gaoligong hoolock gibbon (Hoolock tianxing), western black crested gibbons (Nomascus concolor), and takin (Budorcas taxicolor). The camera-trapping monitoring platform for mammals and pheasants in the Longitudinal Range and Gorge Region of Southwest China was established in 2011. This program was initiated by the Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The monitoring areas include the Medog Region, the Gaoligong Mountains, Mangshi Phayre’s Langur Protected Area, Tongbiguan Provincial Nature Reserve, Biluo Snow Mountains, Baima Snow Mountains, Pudacuo National Park, Wuliang Mountains, Ailao Mountains, Huanglian Mountains National Nature Reserve, Mengyang Sub-region of Xishuangbanna National Nature Reserve, and Lancang County. The program has 35 sampling sites each with different protection designations including: national nature reserves, provincial nature reserves, national parks, and non-protected areas. By December 2019, the Program had generated approximately 269,900 independent records at 803 camera trap stations, with an extensive sampling effort of over 379,200 camera-days. We recorded 60 medium- and large-sized mammal species belonging to 7 orders and 20 families. Additionally, we recorded 15 pheasant species. Among these records 22 species are listed as Class-I, and 27 species as Class-II National Key Protected Species. Twenty-four species of the detected animals are categorized as globally threatened by IUCN, and 41 species are regionally threatened according to the Red list of China’s vertebrates. Moving forward, the Program plans to strengthen survey and monitoring efforts of threatened and flagship species. The Program plans to provide support for national park planning, regional biodiversity conservation, and exploration of anthropogenic impacts on communities of medium- and large-sized mammals and pheasants.

Key words: Longitudinal Range and Gorge Region, southwestern mountains, medium- and large-sized mammals, pheasants, anthropogenic activity, biodiversity monitoring, camera-trapping