生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (9): 1097-1103.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020154

• 中国野生动物红外相机监测网络专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国滇南-东南亚跨境动物多样性监测平台概述

贺如川, 王林, 权锐昌*()   

  1. 中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园综合保护中心, 云南勐腊 666303
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-15 接受日期:2020-07-17 出版日期:2020-09-20 发布日期:2020-12-15
  • 通讯作者: 权锐昌
  • 作者简介:*E-mail: quanrc@xtbg.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    科技部国际合作项目;澜沧江-湄公河流域生物多样性监测与网络建设、生态环境部项目(8-2-3-4-5);澜沧江-湄公河流域生物多样性监测与网络建设、生态环境部项目(8-2-3-4-11);中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园“方向三”项目(2017 XTBG-F03)

Introduction to Transboundary Animal Diversity Monitoring Platform of Southern Yunnan, China and Southeast Asia

Ruchuan He, Lin Wang, Ruichang Quan*()   

  1. Center for Integrative Conservation, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, Yunnan 666303
  • Received:2020-04-15 Accepted:2020-07-17 Online:2020-09-20 Published:2020-12-15
  • Contact: Ruichang Quan

摘要:

中国滇南-东南亚跨境动物多样性监测平台由中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园“动物行为与环境变化研究组”和中国科学院东南亚生物多样性研究中心“动物多样性与保护研究组”共建共管。平台始建于2012年6月, 覆盖的区域包括中国滇南和东南亚邻国, 致力于完善滇南和东南亚地区生物多样性本底资料, 了解重点保护动物的分布、种群大小、保护现状, 提出保护建议并制定保护方案。截至2019年9月, 在国内外22个监测点(包括保护区内、外)共布设了1,493个红外相机位点, 收回了国内外部分监测点照片。现已鉴定国内纳板河(2012-2016)、勐腊(2014-2019)、勐仑(2015-2019)和尚勇(2018-2019) 289个有效位点的718,995张照片, 调查工作量97,444个相机日, 记录到兽类48种, 鸟类80种。国外收回红外相机照片的鉴定工作正在推进。基于平台, 我们取得了一些重要成果, 例如: 报道了中国西南地区野猪(Sus scrofa)的种群生态, 发现了纳板河北豚尾猴(Macaca leonina)和猕猴(M. mulatta)的时空生态位分化, 结合分子生物学证据对麂属(Muntiacus)、斑羚属(Naemorhedus)、比氏鼯鼠属(Biswamoyopterus)进行了分类修订等。后续将在现有基础上扩大监测范围, 在国内与更多滇南保护区开展合作, 国外与更多东南亚国家合作。

关键词: 中国滇南, 东南亚, 跨境, 红外相机, 动物多样性

Abstract

The Transboundary Animal Diversity Monitoring Platform of Southern Yunnan, China and Southeast Asia is jointly administered by the Animal Behaviour and Changing Environments Research Group of Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Animal Diversity and Conservation Research Group of Southeast Asia Biodiversity Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The platform was established in June 2012 with the aim of monitoring animal diversity in China’s Southern Yunnan and Southeast Asia. The monitoring objectives are to strengthen biodiversity inventory in Southern Yunnan and Southeast Asia, understand the distribution, population size, and protection status of key threatened animals, provide protection recommendations to policy makers, and develop conservation plans. To date, 22 monitoring sites containing 1,493 camera stations have been deployed. Until September 2019, we have obtained 718,995 photographs from 289 camera stations with 97,444 trapping days in nature reserves and sub-reserves in Southern Yunnan, i.e., Naban River (2012-2016), Mengla (2014-2019), Menglun (2015-2019), and Shangyong (2018-2019). In these photographs, we have identified 48 species of mammals and 80 species of birds. Species identification for Southeast Asia is still in progress. We have gained important achievements, reported the population ecology of wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Southwest China, found the spatiotemporal niche differentiation of northern pig-tailed macaque (Macaca leonina) and rhesus monkey (M. mulatta) in Naban River Watershed National Nature Reserve, revised the classification of muntjacs (Muntiacus), gorals (Naemorhedus) and the genus of Biswamoyopterus by using molecular biology techniques. In the future, we plan to cooperate with more protected areas in southern Yunnan, and extend our monitoring to other regions of Southeast Asia for more comprehensive biodiversity monitoring.

Key words: southern Yunnan, Southeast Asia, transboundary, infrared camera trap, animal diversity