生物多样性 ›› 2011, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (6): 779-786.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2011.08098

所属专题: 中国的海洋生物多样性

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国沿海甲藻包囊研究进展

顾海峰*, 刘婷婷, 蓝东兆   

  1. 国家海洋局第三海洋研究所, 厦门 361005
  • 收稿日期:2011-06-14 修回日期:2011-10-25 出版日期:2011-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 顾海峰 E-mail:haifenggu@yahoo.com

Progress of dinoflagellate cyst research in the China seas

Haifeng Gu*, Tingting Liu, Dongzhao Lan   

  1. Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Xiamen, Fujian 361005
  • Received:2011-06-14 Revised:2011-10-25 Online:2011-11-20
  • Contact: Haifeng Gu E-mail:haifenggu@yahoo.com

休眠包囊是甲藻生活史中的一个重要阶段, 它们对于甲藻种群的生存、延续以及扩散具有重要的生物学意义。能够形成休眠包囊的甲藻大部分时间以包囊的形式存在于沉积物中, 因此研究包囊有助于揭示甲藻的物种多样性。根据沉积物中甲藻包囊的种类和数量还可以追溯各海区的富营养化历史, 以及重建古海洋环境。本文介绍了甲藻包囊的研究方法, 指出形态分类需要结合萌发实验对营养细胞进行观察。中国近20年来的研究共记录了甲藻包囊25属67种(以生物学名称为准), 我们整合文献资料列出了中国沿海甲藻包囊物种名录。其中种类最多的是原多甲藻属(Protoperidinium), 有18种, 其次是施克里普藻属(Scrippsiella)、膝沟藻属(Gonyaulax)和亚历山大藻属(Alexandrium), 分别有9种、7种和5种, 其余的属在1–3种之间。我国之前的研究多局限在形态的鉴定而缺乏足够的萌发实验支持, 故部分种类的鉴定还有待验证。最后, 我们分析了中国甲藻包囊研究应该注重的研究方向。

The resting cyst has played an important role in the life cycle of certain dinoflagellates. Cyst formation is of great biologically significance in the preservation, lasting and diffusion of the population. Dinoflagellates producing cysts spend much more time in the sediment than in the water column, and study on cysts helps to uncover the diversity of dinoflagellate. Cyst diversity and abundance in the sediments can reflect the historical information of overlying dinoflagellates and environmental conditions, and thus are able to trace the historical record of phytoplankton and environmental changes. By analyzing the amount and relative proportion of different cysts, the paleo-oceanographical environment can be reconstructed. Here we review recent progress in the study of dinoflagellate cyst in China and mainly focuses on a checklist of dinoflagellate cyst in the China seas.

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