生物多样性 ›› 2011, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (6): 787-797.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2011.11117

所属专题: 中国的海洋生物多样性

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国近海今生颗石藻物种多样性初步研究

孙军1,*(), 靳少非2,3   

  1. 1 (天津科技大学海洋科学与工程学院, 天津 300457)
    2 (中国科学院海洋研究所, 青岛 266071)
    3 (中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049)
  • 收稿日期:2011-07-20 接受日期:2011-11-04 出版日期:2011-11-20 发布日期:2011-12-19
  • 通讯作者: 孙军
  • 作者简介:*E-mail: phytoplankton@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    海洋公益项目(201005015-1);海洋公益项目(201105021-03);国家自然科学基金(40776093)

Species diversity of living coccolithophores in Chinese sea waters

Jun Sun1,*(), Shaofei Jin2,3   

  1. 1 College of Marine Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300457
    2 Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071
    3 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2011-07-20 Accepted:2011-11-04 Online:2011-11-20 Published:2011-12-19
  • Contact: Jun Sun

摘要:

本文统计了中国近海97种今生颗石藻的记录, 分别隶属于4个目, 11个科, 44个属。其中条结藻属(Syracosphaera)包含物种数最多, 达20种。本文记录的中国近海5个今生颗石藻新记录种是: 莱卡曲球藻(Cyrtosphaera lecaliae)、戏剧条结藻(Syracosphaera histrica)、突筋科球藻(Corisphaera strigilis)、盘孔筏球藻(Pontosphaera discopora)和贝氏布拉藻(Braarudosphaera bigelowii)。本文还报道了中国近海19种(包括6个未定种)今生颗石藻分类和形态学描述, 及其扫描电子显微镜图谱和偏光显微镜图谱。同时还编制了中国近海常见今生颗石藻的检索表。

关键词: 今生颗石藻, 中国近海, 多样性, 分类, 检索表

Abstract

This paper documents the morphology, taxonomy and diversity of living coccolithophores in Chinese sea waters (CSW). Totally, 97 species have been recorded, belonging to 4 orders, 11 families, and 44 genera. Syracosphaera, including 20 species, is the most abundant living coccolithophores genus in CSW. We also list five new record species in this paper. They are Cyrtosphaera lecaliae, Syracosphaera histrica, Corisphaera strigilis, Pontosphaera discopora and Braarudosphaera bigelowii. Meanwhile, we also describe 19 species (include six species indeterminate) of living coccolithophores founded in CSW, based on scanning electron microscopy (SEM) or polarizing microscope observations. The identification key for common living coccolithophores species in CSW is also presented.

Key words: living coccolithophore, China seas, diversity, taxonomy, identification key