Biodiv Sci ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (6): 732-737.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.06089

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Diversity of invasive species in Shanghai

Qingrou Zhang1, Shang Jiang1, Ruiting Ju2,*(), Xiaoyun Pan1,*()   

  1. 1 Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, Institute of Biodiversity Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433
    2 Department of Plant Protection, Shanghai Landscape Gardening Research Institute, Shanghai 200232
  • Received:2013-04-06 Accepted:2013-10-25 Online:2013-11-20 Published:2013-12-02
  • Contact: Ju Ruiting,Pan Xiaoyun

Abstract:

A list of invasive alien species (IAS) is essential for initiating an analysis of the biological and ecological traits of such species and for improving our understanding of patterns of biological invasions. An inventory of IAS in Shanghai was prepared through a literature survey. A total of 212 IAS belonging to 63 orders and 87 families were recorded. Of these, 65% were plants, 29% were animals, and the rest were microorganisms. Dominant groups could be distinguished in both plant and animal groups. Species originating from the Americas made up 51% of the total, while 52% of plant species were introduced intentionally and 82% of animal species unintentionally. Of the invasive plants, 93% are distributed in highly disturbed habitats with rich resources, whereas 76% of invasive animals occur in storehouses and farmlands. The present information on diversity and ecological features of IAS is crucial for designing management strategies against the negative impacts of such species in Shanghai.

Key words: biodiversity, invasive alien species, management strategies against the invasive alien species, bioinventory