生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (10): 1246-1254.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020040

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国家公园规划制度功能定位与空间属性

唐小平*()   

  1. 国家林业和草原局调查规划设计院/国家公园监测评估研究中心, 北京 100714
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-13 接受日期:2020-05-19 出版日期:2020-10-20 发布日期:2020-10-20
  • 通讯作者: 唐小平
  • 作者简介:E-mail: tang8043@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类)美丽中国生态文建设科技工程的全国自然保护地状况调查与保护成效专题(2019K-2)

Functional orientation and spatial attribute analysis of the National Park Planning System of China

Xiaoping Tang*()   

  1. Academy of Forest Inventory and Planning/National Park Monitoring and Evaluation Research Center, State Forestry and Grassland Administration, Beijing 100714
  • Received:2020-02-13 Accepted:2020-05-19 Online:2020-10-20 Published:2020-10-20
  • Contact: Xiaoping Tang

摘要:

我国将构建统一的国土空间规划体系, 整体谋划国土空间开发保护格局, 强化对各类专项规划的指导约束, 这必将对国家公园保护制度产生重大影响。本文分析了国土空间规划视角下国家公园规划制度的定位, 阐述了国家公园规划承载空间规划与发展规划两大体系的基本属性, 应在国土空间规划体系中具有优先权和前置权; 重点分析了各国家公园总体规划在国家规划体系中的功能与属性特征, 作为空间规划应承接好上位空间规划对国家公园的控制指标和管控要求, 作为建设规划应承接好上位或同域国民经济发展规划等对国家公园的目标任务要求, 作为管理规划要明确国家公园顺畅运行的要求。国家公园应在分区规划、控制性详细规划等专项规划方面寻求创新, 探索国家公园用途管制的实现模式。

关键词: 国家公园, 自然保护地, 国土空间规划, 总体规划, 用途管制

Abstract

China will construct a unified land and space planning system, plan the overall pattern of land and space development and protection, and increase the amount of guidance and restraint on various spatial plans. These changes will have a significant impact on the national park protection system. Here, we analyze the the national park planning system from a land and space planning perspective. The national park planning system includes attributes for space planning and development planning. Therefore, there should be a priority placed on the land space and planning systems. In addition, there should be a focus on the analysis of the function of the overall national park master plan for the space planning system. As a spatial plan, it is necessary to implement the control indicators and management requirements of a higher-level spatial plan for national parks. As a construction plan, it is important to undertake the higher-level or national economic development planning requirements for the target tasks in national parks. Finally, as a management plan, there must be clear requirments for smoothly running the national parks. National parks should seek innovation in special planning such as zone planning, regulatory detailed planning, and exploring the implementation mode for national park use control.

Key words: national park, nature protected area, land and space planning, master plan, use control