生物多样性

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太行山东北部哺乳动物区系及多样性

卜向丽1,王静1,吴佳忆1,孙太福1,向荣伟1,鲁庆斌2,郝映红3,肖治术4,崔绍朋5,盛岩1,孟秀祥1   

  1. 1. 中国人民大学环境学院
    2. 浙江农林大学动物科技学院
    3. 山西文峪河国家湿地公园
    4. 中国科学院动物研究所农业虫鼠害综合治理研究国家重点实验室
    5. 山西农业大学林学院

  • 收稿日期:2020-03-05 修回日期:2020-06-19 出版日期:2020-09-12 发布日期:2020-09-12
  • 通讯作者: 孟秀祥

Mammal Fauna and Biodiversity in Northeastern Taihang Mountains

Xiangli Bu1,Jing Wang1,Jiayi Wu1,Taifu Sun1,Rongwei Xiang1,Qingbin Lu2,Yinghong Hao3,Zhishu Xiao4,Shaopeng Cui5,Yan Sheng1,Xiuxiang Meng1   

  1. 1. School of Environment and Natural Resources, Renmin University of China
    2. College of Animal Science and Technology, Zhejiang Agriculture & Forestry University
    3. Wenyuhe National Wetland Reserve
    4. Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
    5. College of Forestry, Shanxi Agricultural University
  • Received:2020-03-05 Revised:2020-06-19 Online:2020-09-12 Published:2020-09-12
  • Contact: Xiuxiang Meng

摘要: 2019年7月1日至10月30日间,采用样线调查和红外相机监测等多种方法,对太行山东北部的哺乳动物进行了调查,分析了区系构成,并基于多样性指数计算,比较了太行山片区和燕山片区哺乳动物多样性及动物分布型的差异。结果表明:太行山东北部区域分布有7目22科68种哺乳动物,其中啮齿目最多(24种),灵长目最少(仅1种, 猕猴Macaca mulatta);区域内分布有我国Ⅰ级保护哺乳动物1种(金钱豹Panthera pardus)及中华斑羚(Naemorhedus griseus)等8种Ⅱ级保护哺乳动物。太行山片区和燕山片区的哺乳动物区系相似性较大(AFR值为0.844),太行山片区的哺乳动物种数(66)高于燕山片区(50),其DF指数(2.994± 0.251, n=13)和DG指数(2.443± 0.161, n=13)也略高于燕山片区(DF: 2.458± 0.170, DG: 2.259± 0.149, n=10),无显著差异(P>0.05),太行山片区的DG-F指数(0.145± 0.022, n=13)显著高于燕山片区(0.078± 0.014, n=10) (P<0.05),表明两个片区的哺乳动物的科、属组成相同但太行山片区的物种多样性高于燕山片区。此外,太行山东北部区域分布的哺乳动物以古北界物种为主,太行山片区和燕山片区均有10类动物分布型的哺乳动物,因太行山片区的纬度相对较低,其东洋界物种比例(19.11%)略高于燕山片区(17.64%)。

关键词: 太行山东北部, 哺乳动物, 动物区系, 生物多样性指数

Abstract: From July 1st to October 30th, 2019, the mammals in northeastern Taihang Mountains were investigated by the combination of line-transect survey and camera trap method, and the mammalian fauna were analyzed, the distribution patterns of mammals in Taihang and Yanshan area were compared by the biodiversity index as well. The results showed that, 68 species of mammals belonged to 7 orders and 22 families were found in the region, and the majority was Rodentia (24 species), while only one Primate (Macaca mulatta) was found. In this region, there were one species (leopard Panthera Pardus) listed as China's class I key wild protection mammals and 8 species, including Naemorhedus griseus, listed as class Ⅱ. The mammalian fauna in Taihang and Yanshan was similar with an average faunal resemblance (AFR) of 0.844, but the species in Taihang area (66) was more than that in Yanshan area (50), and the DF index (2.994± 0.251, n=13), DG index(2.443± 0.161, n=13) were slightly higher than those in Yanshan area (DF: 2.458± 0.170, DG: 2.259± 0.149, n=10) without significant differences (P>0.05), while DG-F index (0.145± 0.022, n=13) in Taihang was significant higher than that in Yanshan area (0.078± 0.014, n=10) (P<0.05), which indicates that the species composition in the two areas were the same in family and genus, but the species diversity of Taihang was higher than that of Yanshan area, and dominated by mammals in Palaearctic realm. Although there were 10 types of distribution in Taihang and Yanshan, the former’s proportion of species in Oriental realm (19.11%) was slightly higher than that in the Yanshan area (17.64%) due to its relatively lower latitude.

Key words: Northeastern Taihang Mountains, Mammal, Fauna, Biodiversity Index