生物多样性 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (5): 570-574.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2015116

所属专题: 中国自然观察专题

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中国自然观察2014: 一份关于中国生物多样性保护的独立报告

吕植1,2,*(), 顾垒1,2, 闻丞1,2, 王昊1,2, 钟嘉3   

  1. 1 北京大学生命科学学院自然保护与社会发展研究中心, 北京 100871
    2 山水自然保护中心, 北京 100871
    3 中国观鸟组织联合行动平台, 昆明 650224
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-07 接受日期:2015-09-20 出版日期:2015-09-20 发布日期:2015-10-12
  • 通讯作者: 吕植

China Nature Watch 2014: an independent report on China’s biodiversity conservation status

Zhi Lü1,2,*(), Lei Gu1,2, Cheng Wen1,2, Hao Wang1,2, Jia Zhong3   

  1. 1 Center for Nature and Society, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
    2 Shanshui Conservation Center, Beijing 100871
    3 China Bird Watching Society Networks, Kunming 650224
  • Received:2015-05-07 Accepted:2015-09-20 Online:2015-09-20 Published:2015-10-12
  • Contact: Lü Zhi

摘要:

《中国自然观察2014》是一份针对中国生物多样性保护状况的研究报告, 由山水自然保护中心、中国观鸟组织联合行动平台和北京大学自然保护与社会发展研究中心联合发布。这份观察报告依据的是上述机构多年积累和公开发布的数据, 尝试从独立视角给公众和决策者解读和勾绘出最近十多年来中国自然生态的变化图景。报告的主要内容包括基于遥感数据对我国2000-2013年森林变化情况的解读; 中国最受关注的濒危物种分布格局和保护与研究现状; 以及自然保护区对濒危物种和森林的保护状况。研究还发现, 我国重点保护物种名录未能及时覆盖我国的濒危物种, 亟需更新; 民间的自然观察填补了物种的分布和数量的大量空白, 是物种和生态系统基本信息收集和保护成效监督监测的可靠力量; 在保护区难以覆盖的地区, 特别是东部人口密集地区, 以当地居民和公众参与为主体的保护小区可能是一个有效的保护途径; 信息公开和长期的生态系统及物种研究与监测都迫在眉睫。

关键词: 生物多样性, 物种, 森林, 自然保护区, 保护政策, 公众参与

Abstract:

China Nature Watch 2014 is an independent report on the status of China’s biodiversity conservation over the past decade, based on data accumulated by the Center for Nature and Society of Peking University, the Shanshui Conservation Center and the China Bird Watching Society Networks and on data obtained from the public domain. The report included trends of forest cover from 2000 to 2013 based on an interpretation of Global Forest Watch dataset; the distribution pattern, conservation and research on the most concerned endangered species; and the coverage of protected areas with respect to endangered species and forests. Research also revealed that information collected by citizen scientists filled significant gaps in species baseline data. Small protected areas managed by local residents could be an effective alternative to meet the conservation needs of endangered species in populated eastern China. Long-term ecological research and monitoring, and information transparency are urgently needed for biodiversity conservation in China.

Key words: biodiversity, species, forest, nature reserve, conservation policy, public participation