生物多样性 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (2): 139-148.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2014140

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中国常绿阔叶林8大动态监测样地植被的综合比较

宋永昌, 阎恩荣*(), 宋坤   

  1. 华东师范大学生态与环境科学学院, 上海 200241
  • 收稿日期:2014-07-03 接受日期:2014-11-13 出版日期:2015-03-20 发布日期:2015-04-09
  • 通讯作者: 阎恩荣
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(31270475)

Synthetic comparison of eight dynamics plots in evergreen broadleaf forests, China

Yongchang Song, Enrong Yan*(), Kun Song   

  1. School of Ecological and Environmetal Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241
  • Received:2014-07-03 Accepted:2014-11-13 Online:2015-03-20 Published:2015-04-09
  • Contact: Yan Enrong

摘要:

本文通过汇总中国常绿阔叶林8大动态监测样地的植物名录, 在规整植物名称的基础上, 统计了8大样地的植物种类组成, 比较了它们的相似性及其与环境立地的关系。利用生长型和生态指示值, 分析了8大样地组成植物的生态特征及其与生境的联系。从区系组成和生态特征看, 8大样地可分为两组, 一组包括天童、古田山、百山祖、八大公山, 属于典型常绿阔叶林; 另一组包括黑石顶、鼎湖山、福山、莲花池, 属于季节常绿阔叶林和适雨常绿阔叶林(亚热带雨林)。另外还讨论了动态观测样地的群落类型划分问题。最后提出的建议是: 增加草本和藤本植物调查, 重视植物分类和生态指示值及种间相互关系的研究, 更为重要的是制定长期的协作研究计划。

关键词: 常绿阔叶林, 区系组成, 生态特征, 生态指示值, 群落分类

Abstract

On the basis of unifying the scientific names of plant species, species composition and similarity were compared and related to environmental conditions across eight dynamics plots in evergreen broadleaf forests (EBLFs) in China. Ecological characteristics of species and associations with habitat type were analyzed among plots using plant growth forms and ecological indicator values. According to floristic composition and ecological characteristics the eight plots were grouped as follows: (1) Tiantong, Gutianshan, Baishanzu and Badagongshan, belonging to the typical EBLFs, and (2) Heishiding, Dinghushan, Fushan and Lianhuachi, belonging to the seasonal and ombrophilous EBLFs (i.e., subtropical rain forest). Issues with respect to the methods of community classification were discussed. Overall, we propose an increase in the investigation of herbaceous and lianas plant taxonomy and ecological indicator values as well as more research into species interactions. A key to enhanced research and investigation is to establish cooperative research plans for long-term success.

Key words: evergreen broadleaf forest, floristic composition, ecological characteristics, ecological indicatior value, community classification