生物多样性 ›› 2004, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (6): 594-610.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2004075

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

泉州湾岩相潮间带底栖生物生态研究 Ⅰ.物种多样性与分布特征

郑成兴*,李荣冠,江锦祥,郑风武,王建军,黄心光,林俊辉   

  1. (国家海洋局第三海洋研究所,厦门361005)
  • 收稿日期:2004-04-07 修回日期:2004-09-24 出版日期:2004-11-20 发布日期:2004-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 郑成兴

An ecological study on the benthos of the rocky intertidal zone in Quanzhou Bay.Ⅰ.Species diversity and its distribution

ZHENG Cheng-Xing*, LI Rong-Guan, JIANG Jin-Xiang, ZHENG Feng-Wu,WANG Jian-Jun ,HUANG Xin-Guang, LIN Jun-Hui   

  1. Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Xiamen 361005
  • Received:2004-04-07 Revised:2004-09-24 Online:2004-11-20 Published:2004-11-20
  • Contact: ZHENG Cheng-Xing

摘要: 2001年11月至2002年8月在泉州湾浮山(R1)、下洋(R2)、垵头(R3)和大坠岛(R4) 选择4条岩相潮间带断面对底栖生物分布进行了调查,共采集了6687号标本。经分析鉴定共有324种,其中有藻类17种,多毛类102种,软体动物96种,节肢动物62种,棘皮动物11种,其他动物共有36种。岩相断面种类的水平分布受制于潮流和海浪,不同断面的种数排序是浮山(206种)>下洋(197种)>大坠岛(193种)>垵头(166种)。垂直分布主要受制于潮汐和海浪。各断面不同潮区的共同特征是:中潮区的物种最多,在129-156种之间;低潮区居第二,在87-116种之间;高潮区的种类最少,在9-20种之间。种数的季节变化反映生物对水温的适应性,不同季节种数排序为夏季(190种)>春季(164种)>秋季(158种)>冬季(150种)。

关键词: 珍稀濒危药用植物, Phellodendron amurense, AFLP, 遗传多样性, 濒危种, 保护

AbstractA survey on four rocky intertidal transects in Quanzhou Bay was carried out from November 2001 to August 2002. A total of 6687 specimens in 216 sampling frames were collected, which yielded 324 species. These include 17 algae, 102 annelids, 96 molluscs, 62 arthropods, 11 echinoderms and 36 other animals. The results suggest that, affected by currents and waves, the number of species in horizontal distribution declines in order from Fushan (206), Xiayang (197), Dazhuidao Island (193) to Antou (166). The vertical distribution of species is affected mainly by tides and waves. A common characteristic of the transects in different intertidal areas is that the middle intertidal area has the greatest number of species (129-156 species), while the high tidal zone has the smallest number of species (9-20 species). The low tidal zone is intermediate, with 87 to 116 species. The number of species varies with change of seasons, demonstrating the adaptability of marine organisms to the temperature of water. The number of species range in a declining order from summer(190), spring(164), autumn(158) to winter(150).

Key words: rare and endangered medicinal plant, Phellodendron amurense, AFLP, genetic diversity, endangered species, conservation

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