生物多样性 ›› 2001, Vol. 09 ›› Issue (4): 352-358.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2001052

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

应用资源选择函数研究朱鹮的巢址选择

李欣海,马志军,李典谟,丁长青,翟天庆,路宝忠   

  1. 1 (中国科学院动物研究所,  北京 100080)
    2 (复旦大学生物多样性研究所,  上海 200433)
    3 (陕西省朱 保护观察站,  陕西洋县 723300)
  • 收稿日期:2001-04-05 修回日期:2001-08-27 出版日期:2001-11-20 发布日期:2001-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 李欣海

Using Resource Selection Functions to study nest site selection of Crested Ibis

LI Xin-Hai,MA Zhi-Jun,LI Dian-Mo,DING Chang-Qing,ZHAI Tian-Qing,LU Bao-Zhong   

  1. 1 Institute of Zoology , Chinese Academy of Sciences , Beijing  100080
    2 Institute of Biodiversity , Fudan University , Shanghai  200433
    3 The Crested Ibis Conservation Station , Yang County , Shaanxi  723300
  • Received:2001-04-05 Revised:2001-08-27 Online:2001-11-20 Published:2001-11-20
  • Contact: LI XinHai

摘要: 本文介绍了资源选择函数的原理与方法,并分析了朱鹮(Nipponia nippon)的巢址选择我们将上述结果与主成分分析的结果进行了比较,发现两种方法都显示水田面积、营巢树高度海拔高度和人类干扰程度对朱鹮巢址选择有较大影响,而巢向、巢上郁闭度、坡向和坡度对朱鹮影响较小。然而,两种方法也有明显的差异:资源选择函数显示营巢地的坡位非常重要而主成分分析显示植被密度比较重要。分析表明资源选择函数更好地反映了多种生境因素对朱鹮巢址选择的影响。本文探讨了应用资源选择函数所必须注意的对照样方选择和参数的独立性问题,并提出了对朱鹮保护工作的建议。

关键词: 南麂列岛, 优势种, 浮游动物, 生态类群, 物种多样性, 种类组成

Abstract: We int roduced the theory and methodology of Resource Selection Functions (RSFs) , and used a RSF to analyze nest site selection of Crested Ibis ( Nipponia ni ppon) . We compared the results of the RSF with those of principle component analysis (PCA) , and found that both methods indicated that habitat factors such as area of rice paddy , height of nest t ree , elevation and human disturbance played important roles in nest site selection. Nest orientation , coverage above the nest , aspect and slope of the hill where the nest tree was located were also not important . However , there were significant differences between the two methods. The RSF showed that the position of the nest t ree on the slope greatly affected nest site selection , and PCA indicated that the t ree density was more important .After detailed comparison , we concluded that RSFs are better than the commonly used PCA in studying habitat selection. We also discuss issues about how to select cont rol plot s and the independence of parameters while using RSFs. Finally we offer some suggestions for the conservation of Crested Ibis.