生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (12): 1345-1351.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019246

• 生物编目 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国荔波世界自然遗产地动物模式标本名录

周毅1,杨天友2,*(),冉景丞3,*(),张旭4   

  1. 1 贵州师范大学生命科学学院, 贵阳 550025
    2 铜仁学院非人灵长类保护研究中心, 贵州铜仁 554300
    3 贵州省野生动物和森林植物管理站, 贵阳 550001
    4 贵阳市野生动植物管理站, 贵阳 550003
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-08 接受日期:2019-11-08 出版日期:2019-12-20 发布日期:2019-12-24
  • 通讯作者: 杨天友,冉景丞
  • 基金资助:
    铜仁学院学科建设与研究生教育专项(trxkm[2018]12号);贵州省教育厅省级重点学科项目(黔学位合字ZDXK[2013]09号)

A catalogue of animal type specimens from the Libo World Nature Heritage Site, China

Yi Zhou1,Tianyou Yang2,*(),Jingcheng Ran3,*(),Xu Zhang4   

  1. 1 College of Life Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550025
    2 Primate Conservation Research Institute, Tongren University, Tongren, Guizhou 554300
    3 Wild Animals and Forest Plants Management Station of Guizhou Province, Guiyang 550001
    4 Wild Animals and Plant Management Station of Guiyang, Guiyang 550003
  • Received:2019-08-08 Accepted:2019-11-08 Online:2019-12-20 Published:2019-12-24
  • Contact: Yang Tianyou,Ran Jingcheng

摘要:

了解荔波世界自然遗产地动物模式标本分类学研究历史, 可为遗产地履行联合国教科文组织世界遗产中心的要求以及生物多样性保护工作提供参考。本文采用内容分析法, 对采自该遗产地并确立为模式种的物种, 收集相关文献并进行整理和分析, 编制了中国荔波世界自然遗产地动物模式标本名录。结果表明: (1)荔波世界自然遗产地动物模式标本共有204种, 隶属于3门6纲22目60科; (2)动物模式标本物种采集最早可追溯到1955年, 最近为2013年, 两者相隔58年, 而采集高峰期为1995-2004年; (3)以国内学者3人合力发表的物种最多(93种, 占总种数的45.59%); (4)模式物种的橱柜时间严重滞后, 从采集到发表滞后最长的达47年; (5)模式标本涉及66位采集人(或团队), 以国内学者居多(63位, 占总人数的95.45%); (6)遗产地动物模式标本被保存于27家国内外研究机构或私人收藏, 国内收藏1,504号标本, 国外收藏7号; (7)遗产地动物模式标本物种发表于169篇文献, 中文文献有155篇, 外文文献有14篇。随着研究的深入, 荔波世界自然遗产地有更多的新种不断被发现, 说明遗产地物种资源丰富, 生物多样性存在被低估的可能性, 暗示遗产地的物种分类研究工作仍需要投入大量的精力。

关键词: 荔波世界自然遗产地, 模式标本, 内容分析法, 新种, 名录

Abstract:

In order to understand the history of specimens, to fulfill requirements of the UNESCO World Heritage Center, and for biodiversity conservation broadly, we cataloged all the animal type specimens from the Libo World Nature Heritage Site. The information of animal type specimens were collected and analyzed, and here, we provide an updated catalogue. The results show that: (1) There are 204 species of animal type specimens at the Libo World Natural Heritage Site, belonging to 3 phyla, 6 classes, 22 orders and 60 families. (2) The collection of animal type specimens can be traced back to 1955, with the most recent additions in 2013, spanning 58 years, while the peak period of collections being 1995-2004. (3) A large number of species (93 species, 45.59%) were published by three scholars. (4) The shelf time (from collection to publication) of type species was severely delayed, with the longest delay at 47 years. (5) Type specimens were catalogued by 66 collectors/teams, and most of them were Chinese scholars (63, 95.45%). (6) These animal type specimens are preserved in 27 Chinese and foreign research institutions or private collections, of which 1,504 were collected from China and 7 from foreign countries. (7) New species from type specimens at the heritage site were published in 169 articles, 155 in Chinese and 14 in foreign languages. With the expansion of research at the Libo World Natural Heritage Site, more and more new species have been found, which indicates that the species resources in the heritage site are abundant and that biodiversity is likely to be underestimated. We suggest that effort still needs to be devoted to the classification of heritage sites worldwide.

Key words: Libo World Nature Heritage Site, type specimens, content analysis, new species, catalogue