生物多样性 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (5): 630-639.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.00109

所属专题: 红树林专题 海洋生物多样性

• • 上一篇    下一篇

广西北海西村港互花米草对红树林湿地大型底栖动物群落的影响

赵彩云1, 柳晓燕1, 白加德2, 吕凤春1, 李俊生1, *()   

  1. 1 中国环境科学研究院环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室, 北京 100012
    2 北京麋鹿生态实验中心, 北京 100076
  • 收稿日期:2014-06-03 接受日期:2014-09-15 出版日期:2014-09-20
  • 通讯作者: 李俊生 E-mail:lijsh@craes.org.cn
  • 基金项目:
    环保部事业经费项目;广西北部湾沿海外来入侵物种互花米草普查与生态安全调查项目;陆地自然环境外来入侵物种普查、防控与资源化利用;中国环境科学研究院院所基金项目(2012-YSKY-05)

Impact of Spartina alterniflora on benthic macro-invertebrates communities on mangrove wetland in Xicungang Estuary, Guangxi

Caiyun Zhao1, Xiaoyan Liu1, Jiade Bai2, Fengchun Lü1, Junsheng Li1, *()   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
    2 Beijing Milu Ecological Research Center, Beijing 100076
  • Received:2014-06-03 Accepted:2014-09-15 Online:2014-09-20
  • Contact: Li Junsheng E-mail:lijsh@craes.org.cn

为了解互花米草(Spartina alterniflora)入侵红树林的生态影响, 作者对位于北海市西村港的红树林湿地以及周边互花米草盐沼的大型底栖动物群落多样性和群落结构进行了研究。2012年10月至2013年9月连续4次取样, 按照取样时间研究大型底栖动物的种类、物种组成、生物量和生物多样性等群落特征的差异, 探讨互花米草入侵红树林湿地对大型底栖动物的影响。本研究共采集底栖动物16种, 隶属于5门7纲15科, 其中互花米草群落10种, 红树林湿地12种。研究发现互花米草入侵后中国绿螂(Glauconome chinensis)个体数量剧增, 导致不同采样时间互花米草盐沼的大型底栖动物生物量均显著高于红树林湿地; 除个别月份外, 红树林湿地大型底栖动物的Margalef丰富度指数、Shannon-Wiener多样性指数、Simpson多样性指数和Pielou均匀度指数均显著高于互花米草群落。基于生境-采样时间的双因素方差分析结果表明, Shannon-Wiener多样性指数和Simpson指数在两种生境间差异显著; 两种生境的Margalef丰富度和Pielou均匀度指数在不同采样时间差异显著; 大型底栖动物生物量和物种数量在两种生境间和不同采样时间差异均显著。基于多元回归分析的研究结果表明, 互花米草密度是影响大型底栖动物生物量的关键因子, 而互花米草株高可以解释物种个体数量、Shannon-Wiener多样性指数和Simpson指数在两种生境的变化。对不同采样时间大型底栖动物群落结构的非度量多维度(non-metric multidimensional scaling, NMDS)分析结果表明, 红树林与互花米草群落的大型底栖动物群落相似性很低。总而言之, 在西村港地区, 互花米草入侵虽然增加了大型底栖动物的生物量, 但由于优势物种的凸显, 显著降低了大型底栖动物群落的多样性, 且种类组成与群落结构与红树林群落相比已有差异。由此可见, 互花米草入侵红树林对当地的大型底栖动物群落多样性造成影响。

关键词: 大型底栖动物, Spartina alterniflora, 群落结构, 生物多样性, 生物入侵

In order to assess the ecological impacts of Spartina alterniflora on mangrove ecosystems, we investigated macro-invertebrate communities in S. alterniflora wetlands and a mangrove wetland between October 2012 and September 2013, in the Xicungang estuary, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. The species composition, biomass and diversity of macro-invertebrates were compared at different times between the mangrove habitat and S. alterniflora community. Sixteen species from Arthropoda, Mollusca, Annelida, Cnidadia and Sipuncula were collected from the two habitats. Twelve species were found in mangrove wetlands whereas 10 species were found in S. alterniflora wetlands. Perhaps due to the invasion of S. alterniflora, Glauconome chinensis became the predominant species, leading to a greater macro-invertebrate biomass in S. alterniflora wetlands than in mangrove wetland. On the other hand, the Margalef, Shannon-Wiener index, Simpson and Pieous diversity indices of macro-invertebrates were lower in S. alterniflora habitat than in mangrove habitat. Two-way ANOVA was used to analyze the effect of sampling periods and habitats on the number of species, biomass and diversity indices of macro-invertebrates. Our results showed that Shannon- Wiener index and Simpson diversity indices differed between the two habitats, the Margalef and Pieous diversity indices differed among sampling periods, number of species and biomass were affected by both habitats and sampling periods. Based on multiple linear regression analyses, macro-invertebrate biomass was related to the density of S. alterniflora, and Shannon-Wiener, Simpson diversity and species richness of macro-invertebrates were all related with the height of S. alterniflora. According to our NMDS (non-metric multidimensional scaling) analysis, macro-invertebrate communities in S. alterniflora habitat mainly differed from those of mangrove habitats due to sampling periods. In conclusion, the invasion of S. alterniflora in mangrove wetlands in Xicungang estuary increased the biomass of macro-invertebrates, while decreased the diversity of them, and also changed the community structure of macro-invertebrate assemblages.

Key words: macro-invertebrates, Spartina alterniflora, community structure, biodiversity biological invasion

图1

广西北海西村港大型底栖动物采样点分布图(S表示互花米草群落, M表示红树林)"

表1

西村港互花米草群落与红树林的大型底栖动物群落种类和组成"

门 Phyla 纲 Class 科 Family 种 Species 互花米草Spartinar alterniflora 红树林Mangrove
节肢动物门
Arthropoda
甲壳纲 Crustacea 和尚蟹科 Mictyridae 短指和尚蟹 Mictyris brevidactylus + +
沙蟹科 Ocypodidae 沙蟹 Ocypodidae, sp. + +
弧边招潮蟹 Uca arcuata - +
藤壶科 Balanuidae 藤壶 Balanus sp. - +
软体动物门
Mollusca
腹足纲 Gastropoda 汇螺科 Potamididae 汇螺 Potamididae, sp. - +
滨螺科 Littorinidae 黑口拟滨螺 Littoraia melanostoma + +
蜑螺科 Neritidae 奥莱彩螺 Clithon oualaniensis + +
双壳纲 Bivalvia 满月蛤科 Lucinidae 满月蛤 Lucinidae, sp. + -
绿螂科 Glauconcomidae 中国绿螂 Glauconome chinensis ++ +
樱蛤科 Tellinidae 透明美丽蛤 Tellina diaphana - +
多板纲 Polyplacophora 锉石鳖科 Ischnochitonidae 锉石鳖 Ischnochitonidae, sp. - +
石鱉科 Chitonidae 石鳖 Chitonidae, sp. + +
多板纲 Polyplacophora 多板 Polyplacophora, sp. + -
环节动物门 Annelida 多毛纲 Polychaeta 沙蚕科 Nereididae 沙蚕 Nereididae, sp. + -
星虫动物门 Sipuncula 方格星虫纲 Sipunculidea 方格星虫科 Sipunculidae 裸体方格星虫 Sipunculus nudus - +
腔肠动物门 Cnidaria 珊瑚纲 Anthozoa 石珊瑚目 Madreporaria 石珊瑚 Madreporaria, sp. + -

图2

不同采样时间红树林与互花米草群落大型底栖动物物种数量(A)和生物量(B)的差异"

表2

西村港不同季节不同生境的大型底栖动物生物量(g/m2)"

采样时间
Time
生境
Habitat
甲壳纲
Crustacea
腹足纲
Gastropoda
双壳纲
Bivalvia
多板纲
Polyplacophora
多毛纲
Polychaeta
方格星虫纲Sipunculidea 珊瑚纲 Anthozoa 合计
Sum
2012.10 互花米草 Spartina alterniflora 0.040 0.008 3.063 0.030 0.005 0.00 0.005 3.151
红树林 Mangrove 0.094 0.037 0.057 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.188
2012.12 互花米草 Spartina alterniflora 0.002 0.00 2.997 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.999
红树林 Mangrove 0.206 0.00 0.144 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.350
2013.5 互花米草 Spartina alterniflora 0.020 0.060 0.435 0.00 0.002 0.00 0.00 0.517
红树林 Mangrove 0.008 0.006 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.014
互花米草 Spartina alterniflora 0.028 0.043 15.747 0.032 0.00 0.00 0.00 15.850
2013.9 红树林 Mangrove 0.087 0.003 0.335 0.074 0.00 0.030 0.00 0.530
合计 Sum 0.486 0.157 22.778 0.136 0.006 0.030 0.005 23.598

图3

西村港红树林和互花米草群落中大型底栖动物群落多样性"

图4

西村港盐沼不同取样时间大型底栖动物采样点的非度量多维度分析"

[1] .Burnham KP, Anderson DR (1998) Model Selection and Inference: An Information-theoretic Approach. Springer, New York.
[2] .Chen GC (陈光程), Yu D (余丹), Ye Y (叶勇), Chen B (陈彬) (2013) Impacts of mangrove vegetation on macro-benthic faunal communities. Acta Ecologica Sinica(生态学报), 33, 327-336. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[3] .Chen HL, Li B, Hu JB, Chen JK, Wu JH (2007) Effects of Spartina alterniflora invasion on benthic nematode communities in the Yangtze Estuary. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 336, 99-110.
[4] .Chen ZB, Guo L, Jin BS, Wu JH, Zheng GH (2009) Effect of the exotic plant Spartina alterniflora on macrobenthos communities in salt marshes of the Yangtze River estuary, China. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 82, 265-272.
[5] .Chen ZY (陈中义) (2004)Ecological Impacts of the Introduced Spartina alterniflora Invasion in the Coastal Ecosystems of Chongming Dongtan, the Yangtze River Estuary (互花米草入侵国际重要湿地崇明东滩的生态后果). PhD dissertation, Fudan University. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[6] .Chen ZY (陈中义), Fu CZ (傅萃长), Wang HY (王海毅), Li B (李博), Wu JH (吴纪华), Chen JK (陈家宽) (2005) Effects of Spartina alterniflora invasions on the benthic macro-invertebrates community at Dongtan of Chongming salt marsh, the Yangtze River estuary. Wetland Science(湿地科学), 3, 1-7. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[7] .Clarke KR (1993) Non-parametric multivariate analyses of changes in community structure. Australian Journal of Ecology, 18, 117-143.
[8] .Davis HG, Taylor CM, Civille JC, Strong DR (2004) An Allee effect at the front of a plant invasion: Spartina in a Pacific estuary. Journal of Ecology, 92, 321-327.
[9] .Dong CY (董存有) (1993) Preliminary observation on Glaucomya chinensis in Zhujiang estuary. Sichuan Journal of Zoology(四川动物), 12(2), 32-33. (in Chinese)
[10] .Gao AG (高爱根), Chen QZ (陈全震), Zeng JN (曾江宁), Liao YB (廖一波), Yang JY (杨俊毅) (2005) Macrofauna community in the mangrove area of Xiamen Island, Zhejiang. Journal of Marine Sciences(海洋学研究), 23(2), 33-40. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[11] .Gao SH (高世和), Li FX (李复雪) (1985) Community ecology of ground-dwelling macrofauna of mangrove in the Jiulongjiang estuary, Fujian. Journal of Oceanography in Taiwan Strait(台湾海峡), 4, 179-191. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[12] .Gao Y (高阳), Cai LZ (蔡立哲), Ma L (马丽), Xu HL (徐华林), Wang YJ (王勇军), Zan QJ (昝启杰) (2004) Vertical distribution of macrobenthos of Futian mangrove mudflat in Shenzhen Bay. Journal of Oceanography in Taiwan Strait(台湾海峡), 23, 76-81. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[13] .Hammer Ø, Harper DAT, Ryan PD (2001) PAST: paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica, 4, 1-9.
[14] .He MH (何明海), Cai EX (蔡尔西), Xu HZ (徐惠州), Jiang JX (江锦祥), Zheng FW (郑凤武), Li RG (李荣冠) (1993) Studies on benthic ecology in mangrove in Jiulong River estuary, Fujian. Journal of Oceanography in Taiwan Strait(台湾海峡), 12, 61-68. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[15] .Hong RB (洪荣标), Lü XM (吕小梅), Chen L (陈岚), Fang SH (方少华) (2005) Benthos on mangrove wetland and smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) wetland in Jiulongjiang estuary. Journal of Oceanography in Taiwan Strait(台湾海峡), 24, 189-194. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[16] .Hou SL (侯森林), Yu XY (余晓韵), Lu CH (鲁长虎) (2012) Effect of Spartina alterniflora invasion on the macrobenthic community in the Sheyang estuary. Transaction of Oceanology and Limnology(海洋湖沼通报), (1), 138-146. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[17] .Hu ZY (胡知渊), Bao YX (鲍毅新), Cheng HY (程宏毅), Zhang LL (张龙龙), Ge BM (葛宝明) (2009) Research progress on ecology of natural wetland zoobenthos in China. Chinese Journal of Ecology(生态学杂志), 28, 959-968. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[18] .Huang GM (黄冠闽), Zhang YH (张宜辉), Fang BZ (方柏州), Lin WS (林伟山) (2013) Effects of Spartina alterniflora on mangrove Kandelia candel seedlings regeneration. Journal of Fujian Forestry Science and Technology(福建林业科技), 40(4), 93-113. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[19] .Lana PC, Guiss C (1992) Macrofauna-plant-biomass interactions in a euhaline salt marsh in Paranagua Bay (Se Brazil). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 80, 57-64.
[20] .Levin LA, Talley TS (2000) Influences of vegetation and abiotic environmental factors on salt marsh invertebrates. In: Concepts and Controversies in Tidal Marsh Ecology (eds Weinstein MP, Kreeger DA), Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp. 661- 707. Springer, the Netherlands.
[21] .Lin XC (林秀春), Ren S (任帅), Gong Y (龚玉), Chen X (陈晓) (2010) Studies on macrobenthic community on Spartina alterniflora invaded area of Putian. Journal of Putian University(莆田高等专科学校学报), 17(2), 96-100. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[22] .Lu Q(陆强), Chen HL(陈慧丽), Shao XY(邵晓阳), Wang YY(王莹莹), Tao M(陶敏), He J(何京), Tang L(唐龙) (2013) Ecological characteristics of macrobenthic communities and its relationships with environmental factors in Hangzhou Xixi Wetland. Acta Ecologica Sinica(生态学报), 33(9), 2803-2815. (in Chinese with English abstract)Ludwig JA, Reynolds JF (1988) Statistical Ecology. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
[23] .Neira C, Levin LA, Grosholz ED, Mendoza G (2007) Influence of invasive Spartina growth stages on associated macrofaunal communities. Biological Invasions, 9, 975-993.
[24] .Netto SA, Lana PC (1997) Influence of Spartina alterniflora on superficial sediment characteristics of tidal flats in Paranagua Bay (south-eastern Brazil). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 44, 641-648.
[25] .Pielou EC (1975) Ecological Diversity. Wiley, New York.
[26] .Posey MH, Alphin TD, Meyer DL, Johnson JM (2003) Benthic communities of common reed Phragmites australis and marsh cordgrass Spartina alterniflora marshes in Chesapeake Bay. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 261, 51-61.
[27] .Rangel TFLVB, Diniz-Filho JAF, Bini LM (2006) Towards an integrated computational tool for spatial analysis in macroecology and biogeography. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 15, 321-327.
[28] .Robertson TL, Weis JS (2005) A comparison of epifaunal communities associated with the stems of salt marsh grasses Phragmites australis and Spartina alterniflora. Wetlands, 25, 1-7.
[29] .Shen YM (沈永明), Wang YF (王艳芳), Chen SJ (陈寿军), Wu DL (吴德力), Yu WY (虞慰岩), Li ZH (李朝晖) (2013) The temporal and spatial distributions of the macrobenthos in Spartina alterniflora salt marsh. Geographical Research(地理研究), 32, 638-644. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[30] .Tan YY (覃盈盈), Liang SC (梁士楚) (2008) Current status and eradication strategy of invasive alien plants Spartina alterniflora in Guangxi. Wetland Science & Management(湿地科学与管理), 4(2), 47-50. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[31] .Wang AA (王安安), Sun X (孙雪), Cai JB (蔡景波), Chai XL (柴雪良), Liu J (刘健), Shang X (商栩) (2014) Effects of Spartina alterniflora invasions on the benthic macro-invertebrates community at mangrove wetland. Journal of Zhejiang Agricultural Sciences(浙江农业科学), (4), 572-577. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[32] .Wang RZ, Yuan L, Zhang LQ (2010) Impacts of Spartina alterniflora invasion on the benthic communities of salt marshes in the Yangtze Estuary, China. Ecological Engineering, 36, 799-806.
[33] .Wei DZ (魏德重), Xiang CY (项长友), Bao YX (鲍毅新), Li LF (李良峰), Zhang SS (章书声) (2012) Effect of mangrove planting on macrobenthic community structure and functional group. Journal of Zhejiang Normal University (Natural Sciences) (浙江师范大学学报(自然科学版)), 35, 195-202. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[34] .Wei SQ (韦受庆), Chen J (陈坚), Fan HQ (范航清) (1993) A study on the benthic macrofauna and its ecology in Shankou Mangrove Reserve area of Guangxi. Journal of the Guangxi Academy of Sciences(广西科学院学报), 9(2), 45-57. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[35] .Wu PQ (吴培强), Zhang J (张杰), Ma Y (马毅), Li XM (李晓敏) (2013) Remote sensing monitoring and analysis of the changes of mangrove in China in the past 20 years. Advances in Marine Science(海洋科学进展), 31, 406-414. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[36] .Xie WJ (谢文静), Gao S (高抒) (2009) Composition of the benthic macrofauna in the Spartina alterniflora salt marshes in the Wanggang area, central Jiangsu coast, eastern China. Journal of Nanjing University (Natural Sciences) (南京大学学报(自然科学版)), 45 , 553-561. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[37] .Xie ZF (谢志发), He WS (何文珊), Liu WL (刘文亮), Lu JJ (陆健健) (2008) Influence of Spartina alterniflora salt marsh at its different development stages on macrobenthos. Chinese Journal of Ecology(生态学杂志), 27, 63-67. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[38] .Xu XJ (徐晓军), Wang H (王华), You WH (由文辉), Liu BX (刘宝兴) (2006) A study on the fluctuation of zoobenthic community in Chongming Dongtan’s Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Transactions of Oceanology and Limnology(海洋湖沼通报), (2), 89-94. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[39] .Yu WY (虞蔚岩), Li ZH (李朝晖), Hua C (华春), Shen YM (沈永明), Ma L (马玲), Guo N (郭娜), Li ZX (李智星) (2009) The diversity analysis of macrobenthic fauna on the tidal flat with Spartina alterniflora in Dongtai, Yancheng in Jiangsu. Transactions of Oceanology and Limnology(海洋湖沼通报), (1), 123-128. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[40] .Zheng RQ (郑荣泉), Ge BM (葛宝明), Zhang YP (张永普), Zheng X (郑祥) (2006) The comparative study on the macrobenthic community ecology between the mangrove swamp and the naked tidal flat at the Yueqing Bay. Ecological Science(生态科学), 25, 299-302. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[41] .Zou FS (邹发生), Song XJ (宋晓军), Chen W (陈伟), Zheng XR (郑馨仁), Chen JH (陈建海) (1999) The diversity of benthic macrofauna on mud flat in Dongzhaigang Mangrove Reserve, Hainan. Chinese Biodiversity(生物多样性), 7, 175-180. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[42] .Zhou QQ (周青青), Chen ZL (陈志力), Xin K (辛琨) (2010) Research on the alien invasive status of mangrove in China. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences(安徽农业科学), 38, 2662-2664. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[43] .Zhang JP (张景平), Huang XP (黄小平), Jiang ZJ (江志坚), Huang DJ (黄道建), Huang LM (黄良民) (2010) Assessment of the Pearl River estuary pollution by water comprehensive pollution index and biodiversity index. Journal of Tropical Oceanography(热带海洋学报), 29, 69-76. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[44] .Zhou HX (周虹霞), Liu JE (刘金娥), Qin P (钦佩) (2005) Effects of alien species (Spartina alterniflora) on soil microorganism diversity in salt marshes, Jiangsu coastal inter-tidal ecosystem. Acta Ecologica Sinica(生态学报), 25, 2304-2311. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[1] 黄林韬 黄晖 江雷. (2020) 中国造礁石珊瑚分类厘定. 生物多样性, 28(4): 515-523.
[2] 赵志霞,赵常明,邓舒雨,申国珍,谢宗强,熊高明,李俊清. (2020) 重度砍伐后极小种群野生植物崖柏群落结构动态. 生物多样性, 28(3): 333-339.
[3] 王剀,任金龙,陈宏满,吕植桐,郭宪光,蒋珂,陈进民,李家堂,郭鹏,王英永,车静. (2020) 中国两栖、爬行动物更新名录. 生物多样性, 28(2): 189-218.
[4] 何维明. (2020) 生物入侵的影响是否准确可知?. 生物多样性, 28(2): 253-255.
[5] 刘海鸥,张风春,赵富伟,杜乐山,薛达元. (2020) 从《生物多样性公约》资金机制战略目标变迁解析生物多样性热点问题. 生物多样性, 28(2): 244-252.
[6] 张家真,高春蕾,李艳,孙萍,王宗灵. (2020) 江阴港口外来船舶压载舱沉积物中甲藻包囊种类及组成. 生物多样性, 28(2): 144-154.
[7] 耿宜佳,田瑜,李俊生,徐靖. (2020) “2020年后全球生物多样性框架”进展及展望. 生物多样性, 28(2): 238-243.
[8] 马亦生,马青青,何念军,朱大鹏,赵凯辉,刘红彩,李帅,孙亮,唐流斌. (2020) 基于红外相机技术调查佛坪国家级自然保护区兽类和鸟类多样性. 生物多样性, 28(2): 226-230.
[9] 王玉冰,孙毅寒,丁威,张恩涛,李文怀,迟永刚,郑淑霞. (2020) 长期氮添加对典型草原植物多样性与初级生产力的影响及途径. 植物生态学报, 44(1): 22-32.
[10] 李熠,唐志尧,闫昱晶,王科,蔡磊,贺金生,古松,姚一建. (2020) 物种分布模型在大型真菌红色名录评估及保护中的应用: 以冬虫夏草为例. 生物多样性, 28(1): 99-106.
[11] 李永民,吴孝兵. (2019) 安徽省两栖爬行动物名录修订. 生物多样性, 27(9): 1002-1011.
[12] 杨锐,彭钦一,曹越,钟乐,侯姝彧,赵智聪,黄澄. (2019) 中国生物多样性保护的变革性转变及路径. 生物多样性, 27(9): 1032-1040.
[13] 李顺,邹亮,宫一男,杨海涛,王天明,冯利民,葛剑平. (2019) 激光雷达技术在动物生态学领域的研究进展. 生物多样性, 27(9): 1021-1031.
[14] 方文静,蔡琼,朱江玲,吉成均,岳明,郭卫华,张峰,高贤明,唐志尧,方精云. (2019) 华北地区落叶松林的分布、群落结构和物种多样性. 植物生态学报, 43(9): 742-752.
[15] 张渊媛. (2019) 生物多样性相关传统知识的国际保护及中国应对策略. 生物多样性, 27(7): 708-715.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed