生物多样性 ›› 2011, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (6): 646-654.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2011.09178

所属专题: 中国的海洋生物多样性

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

西太平洋浮游动物种类多样性

林茂1*, 王春光1, 王彦国1, 项鹏1, 王雨1, 连光山1, 陈瑞祥1, 陈小银1, 叶又茵1, 戴燕玉1, 林景宏1, 许振祖2, 黄加祺2, 郭东晖2   

  1. 1国家海洋局第三海洋研究所, 厦门 361005
    2厦门大学, 厦门 361005
  • 收稿日期:2011-10-12 修回日期:2011-11-30 出版日期:2011-11-20 发布日期:2011-12-19
  • 通讯作者: 林茂

Zooplanktonic diversity in the western Pacific

Mao Lin1*, Chunguang Wang1, Yanguo Wang1, Peng Xiang1, Yu Wang1, Guangshan Lian1, Ruixiang Chen1, Xiaoyin Chen1, Youyin Ye1, Yanyu Dai1, Jinghong Lin1, Zhenzu Xu2, Jiaqi Huang2, Donghui Guo2   

  1. 1 Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Xiamen, Fujian 361005

    2 Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005
  • Received:2011-10-12 Revised:2011-11-30 Online:2011-11-20 Published:2011-12-19
  • Contact: Mao Lin

摘要: 西太平洋区是全球海洋生物种源中心, 许多类群的最高物种多样性都出现于该区域, 因此, 在该区开展种类多样性的研究不仅重要和必要, 而且具有在跨国尺度上进行综合管理和相互合作的迫切性。本文在西太平洋的浮游动物样品鉴定分类、编目、文献资料整理和分析的基础上, 记录和编入西太平洋10个浮游动物类群2,658种(含亚种), 隶属于206科675属, 其中水螅水母类99科251属697种, 栉水母类12科22属59种, 浮游软体动物14科35属86种, 介形类8科89属416种, 桡足类51科156属908种, 糠虾类4科58属202种, 磷虾类2科8属56种, 十足类8科22属105种, 毛颚类5科8属48种, 被囊类5科26属81种。

Abstract: The western Pacific region has been operating as a centre for the origin of marine biodiversity: the richest diversity of many marine taxa was found in these waters. Therefore, biodiversity research and conservation efforts in this area are necessary in order to promote the integrative and international management of this resource. The present work is a compilation of numbers of all the families, genera and species of major taxa of zooplankton known in the western Pacific Ocean(106°–150°E, 0°–44°N). In all, 2,658 zooplanktonic species (including subspecies) belonging to 206 families and 675 genera have been recorded from taxonomic identifications and literature, 99 families, 251 genera and 697 species belong to the Medusozoa, 12 families, 22 genera and 59 species to the Ctenophora, 14 families, 35 genera and 86 species to the pelagic Molluscs (Pteropoda and Heteropoda), 8 families, 89 genera and 416 species to the Ostracoda, 51 families, 156 genera and 908 species to the Copepoda, 4 families, 58 genera and 202 species to the Mysidcea, 2 families, 8 genera and 56 species to the Euphausiacea, 8 families, 22 genera and 105 species to the Decapoda, 5 families, 8 genera and 48 species to the Chaetognatha, 5 families, 26 genera and 81 species to the Tunicata.