生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (7): 728-734.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019076

• 生物多样性相关传统知识专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

论壮族传统文化对生物多样性的保护: 以广西靖西市为例

曹宁,薛达元()   

  1. 中央民族大学生命与环境科学学院, 北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-13 接受日期:2019-07-10 出版日期:2019-07-20 发布日期:2019-08-21
  • 通讯作者: 薛达元
  • 基金资助:
    中央民族大学双一流建设项目(YLDXXK201819);生态环境部生物多样性调查评估项目(2019HJ2096001006)

On biodiversity conservation by Zhuang traditional culture: A case study in Jingxi City of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

Cao Ning,Xue Dayuan()   

  1. College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081
  • Received:2019-03-13 Accepted:2019-07-10 Online:2019-07-20 Published:2019-08-21
  • Contact: Xue Dayuan

摘要:

本文在文献研究和实地调查的基础之上, 结合目前开展的关于壮族生物多样性相关传统知识的调查、整理与编目工作, 分别从酸食文化、织染文化、地名文化和文学艺术的角度对壮族文化多样性和生物多样性之间的关系进行了初步探究, 并从自然崇拜、乡规民约和习惯法、传统生态观念以及传统医药文化等几个方面探讨了传统文化对当地生物多样性的保护作用。结果表明: (1)壮族文化多样性与生物多样性密切相关。丰富的生物多样性孕育了传统文化, 而传统文化的形成和发展又直接或间接地丰富了当地的生物多样性; (2)壮族人民在长期生产生活中创造的传统文化和传统知识促进了当地生物多样性的保护与可持续利用; 而对生物多样性的保护又进一步保障了当地传统文化的传承。本文还对传统知识和传统文化的发展现状及受威胁因素进行了讨论, 并以此为基础, 提出传承壮族传统文化、保护和可持续利用传统知识的相关建议, 即应通过加强宣传和立法, 建立传统知识数据库和发展乡村旅游等形式, 加强对传统知识与传统文化的保护。

关键词: 壮族, 生物多样性, 传统文化, 传统知识, 广西

Abstract:

The Zhuang ethnic people have a deep and expansive culture; many aspects of which have been documented through literature and field research, including acidic foods, textile dyeing, toponymy, literature and art, natural worship, folk customs and customary laws, traditional ecological concepts, and traditional medical. Here, we analyzed the protective effects of cultural diversity on biodiversity. The results show that: (1) The cultural diversity of Zhuang ethnic people and local biodiversity are closely interrelated. Rich biodiversity has generated a colorful traditional culture, and the formation and development of traditional culture can directly or indirectly enrich the local biodiversity; (2) The traditional culture and knowledge created of the Zhuang people in the long-term living history has greatly promoted the conservation and sustainable use of local biodiversity, and the protection of biodiversity will further guarantee the inheritance of local traditional culture. This paper also discusses the developing status and threatened factors of traditional knowledge and culture. We propose some suggestions to ensure the continuity of Zhuang traditional culture and use traditional knowledge sustainably: enhancing the protection of traditional knowledge and traditional culture by strengthening publicity and legislation, establishing traditional knowledge databases and developing rural tourism.

Key words: Zhuang people, biodiversity, traditional culture, traditional knowledge, Guangxi