生物多样性 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (8): 1035-1039.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2021245

• 2020年新物种专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国鳞翅目新物种2020年度报告

戚慕杰, 孙浩, 左兴海, 李后魂()   

  1. 南开大学生命科学学院, 天津 300071
  • 收稿日期:2021-06-21 接受日期:2021-08-03 出版日期:2021-08-20 发布日期:2021-08-16
  • 通讯作者: 李后魂
  • 作者简介:* E-mail: lihouhun@nankai.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(31872267);国家自然科学基金(31601883)

Annual report of new taxa for Chinese Lepidoptera in 2020

Mujie Qi, Hao Sun, Xinghai Zuo, Houhun Li()   

  1. College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071
  • Received:2021-06-21 Accepted:2021-08-03 Online:2021-08-20 Published:2021-08-16
  • Contact: Houhun Li

摘要:

本文总结了2020年国内外学者发表的中国鳞翅目新分类单元的情况。经过统计, 2020年中国共发表鳞翅目新分类群196个, 其中新属1个, 新种190个, 新亚种5个; 发表国家级新记录71个; 发表新组合55个; 将11个名称处理为9个名称的异名; 新种(亚种)分别隶属于23个科。海南和云南两省发表的新物种数明显高于其他地区, 占全国新物种发表总数的2/5; 新记录种发表最多的地区为云南, 占全国新记录种总数的约1/2。整体来看, 我国南方新物种和新记录种发表数量明显高于北方。

关键词: 鳞翅目, 新分类单元, 新组合, 新异名, 中国

Abstract

Aim: Lepidoptera is one of the largest orders in Insecta and is a group with high economic importance as many pest species of Lepidoptera occur all over the world. China is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world, as it ranges from the Palaearctic to Oriental Regions, and many species new to science are described each year. The aim of this study is to summarize the new taxa of Lepidoptera from China that were reported in 2020.

Methods: Information regarding new species, newly recorded species, and new synonyms and combinations were collected from several common journals of taxonomy and monographs. In total, 102 articles and 3 monographs are included in this report. From these sources, the scientific names, type localities, and the other relevant information have been summarized.

Results: The number of new taxa of Chinese Lepidoptera published by domestic and foreign researchers in 2020 has been summarized. In 2020, 196 new taxa of Lepidoptera were reported, including 1 new genus, 190 new species, 5 new subspecies, and 71 newly recorded species for China. Additionally, 55 new combinations and 11 new synonyms have been suggested. All of the new species and subspecies belong to 23 families.

Conclusions: The number of new species published in Hainan and Yunnan was significantly higher than that in other regions and accounted for two-fifths of the total number of new species published in China in 2020. Yunnan Province had the highest number of newly recorded species for a region in China and accounted for about half of the total number of newly recorded species in China. In general, the number of new species and newly recorded species collected in the south are significantly higher than those in north of China. Moreover, the discovery and description of all Lepidoptera species in China are far from completed, and further investigation of Lepidoptera in China is necessary.

Key words: Lepidoptera, new taxa, new combination, new synonyms, China