生物多样性 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (8): 1021-1025.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2021214

• 2020年新物种专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国脊椎动物2020年新增物种

王斌1#, 蔡波1#, 陈蔚涛2#, 温知新3#, 张德志3#, 何舜平4,*(), 雷富民3,5,*(), 杨奇森3,*(), 江建平1,*()   

  1. 1.中国科学院成都生物研究所, 成都 610041
    2.中国水产科学研究院珠江水产研究所, 广州 510380
    3.中国科学院动物研究所, 北京 100101
    4.中国科学院水生生物研究所, 武汉 430072
    5.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-25 接受日期:2021-08-01 出版日期:2021-08-20 发布日期:2021-08-11
  • 通讯作者: 何舜平,雷富民,杨奇森,江建平
  • 作者简介:yangqs@ioz.ac.cn
    leifm@ioz.ac.cn;
    clad@ihb.ac.cn;
    * E-mail: Jiangjp@cib.ac.cn;
    第一联系人:

    # 共同第一作者

  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项地球大数据科学工程项目(XDA19050201);第二次青藏高原综合科学考察项目(2019QZKK0501);第二次青藏高原综合科学考察项目(2019QZKK0402);中国生物多样性监测与研究网络(Sino BON)

New vertebrate forms discovered in China in 2020

Bin Wang1#, Bo Cai1#, Weitao Chen2#, Zhixin Wen3#, Dezhi Zhang3#, Shunping He4,*(), Fumin Lei3,5,*(), Qisen Yang3,*(), Jianping Jiang1,*()   

  1. 1 Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041
    2 Pearl River Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Guangzhou 510380
    3 Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    4 Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072
    5 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2021-05-25 Accepted:2021-08-01 Online:2021-08-20 Published:2021-08-11
  • Contact: Shunping He,Fumin Lei,Qisen Yang,Jianping Jiang
  • About author:First author contact:

    # Co-first authors

摘要:

为了及时掌握中国脊椎动物新增物种情况, 本文系统检索和整理了2020年发表的分类学文献, 汇总结果表明: 2020年中国脊椎动物共新增109种, 其中新物种100种, 国家级新记录种9种。包括鱼类新种24种、两栖类新种41种和新记录4种、爬行类新种30种和新记录4种、鸟类新种1种、哺乳类新种4种和新记录1种。上述新增物种中有92种描述报道时应用了分子遗传学证据, 占新增物种数量的84.4%。在新增脊椎动物物种中, 两栖类集中于无尾目、爬行类全部属于有鳞目, 分别有43种和34种, 其累计占比超新增物种总数的70%。在云南、西藏、湖南、贵州、四川等省区发现新物种数量较多, 均有10种及以上, 累计占比超新增物种总数的60%。绝大部分物种为中国学者发表, 绝大多数论文发表于英文期刊。总结数据提示今后需持续加强我国低等脊椎动物多样性的调查研究, 重视运用分子系统学技术进行物种识别。

关键词: 脊椎动物, 新物种, 新记录, 中国

Abstract

Aim: To review the new species and new national records of vertebrates discovered in China in 2020.

Methods: We compiled and analyzed the taxonomic literature on China's fauna published in 2020.

Results: In 2020, 100 new species and nine new national records of vertebrates were discovered in China. These include: 24 new species of fishes; 41 new species and four new national records of amphibians; 30 new species and four new national records of reptiles; one new species of bird; and four new species and one new national record of mammals. Of these newly recorded vertebrate species, molecular genetic data were used to evaluate 92 of the species described, which constituted 84.4% of the total number of newly recorded species. Most of these species are within the classes Amphibia and Reptilia; the orders Anura and Squamata constituted 70% of the total newly recorded vertebrate species. Geographically, more than 60% of the newly recorded vertebrate species were discovered in southwestern China; Yunnan, Xizang, Hunan, Guizhou, and Sichuan provinces each had 10 or more new species described in 2020. The majority of the species were described by Chinese researchers and most of their findings were published in English language journals.

Conclusion: These results indicate that taxonomic studies, particularly those of the basal groups of vertebrates, should be the continuous focus of biodiversity research in China. Future studies should adopt an integrative taxonomic approach and include molecular genetic data.

Key words: vertebrates, new species, new record, China