生物多样性 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (8): 1050-1057.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2021200

• 2020年新物种专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国半翅目等29目昆虫2020年新分类单元

刘童祎1,2, 陈静1, 姜立云1, 乔格侠1,2,*()   

  1. 1.中国科学院动物研究所动物进化与系统学重点实验室, 北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学生命科学学院, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-19 接受日期:2021-08-09 出版日期:2021-08-20 发布日期:2021-08-10
  • 通讯作者: 乔格侠
  • 作者简介:* E-mail: qiaogx@ioz.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略生物资源专项(KFJ-BRP-003);国家科技资源共享服务平台国家动物标本资源库2021年度运行费

Annual report of new taxa for Chinese Hemiptera and 28 other orders of Insecta in 2020

Tongyi Liu1,2, Jing Chen1, Liyun Jiang1, Gexia Qiao1,2,*()   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2 College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2021-05-19 Accepted:2021-08-09 Online:2021-08-20 Published:2021-08-10
  • Contact: Gexia Qiao

摘要:

以中国半翅目等29目昆虫类群(除鞘翅目、双翅目、鳞翅目、膜翅目之外的其他目)为研究对象, 基于2020年度发表的新分类单元与文献资料, 编制了物种名录, 分析了新分类单元的地理分布与模式标本存放情况等。2020年, 中国半翅目等29目昆虫共描述349个新分类单元, 包括新属35个, 新种311个, 新亚种3个; 新种发表的热点地区在我国的西南山地及其邻近地区。模式标本存放单位多达69家, 其中正模标本主要存放在国内保藏机构, 而境外机构保藏的标本较少且以副模标本为主。本年度描述的349个新分类单元由356位作者所贡献, 共发表文献182篇; ZootaxaZooKeys是发表的主要期刊。本次调查为进一步深入研究物种演化的时空格局及生物多样性保护提供了基础数据。同时, 由于人类面临生物多样性急剧下降的威胁, 应加快大数据平台的建设及其多样化信息的挖掘, 支撑生物多样性的研究和保护。

关键词: 生物多样性信息学, 半翅目, 直翅目, 新分类单元, 中国

Abstract

Aims: This study aims to summarize the new taxa of Chinese Hemiptera and 28 other orders of Insecta (i.e., orders other than Coleoptera, Diptera, Lepidoptera, and Hymenoptera) in 2020.

Methods: We collected information about newly described taxa, including new genera, species, and subspecies for Chinese Hemiptera and 28 other insect orders in 2020 by searching journals and the Zoological Record database. Based on the described taxa and published literature, we compiled a catalogue of type specimens and a bibliography for new species of Chinese Hemiptera and other insects described in 2020. We also analyzed the biodiversity information provided by type specimens, such as authors, locations, and preservation sites.

Results: In 2020, a total of 349 new taxa, including 35 new genera, 311 new species, and 3 new subspecies, were described in Chinese Hemiptera and 28 other insect orders. The hotspots for the new species described were in Southwest China and the adjacent areas. Additionally, there are as many as 69 institutions that are designated for the deposition of type specimens; within these, the holotype was primarily collected in domestic collection institutions. In contrast, there were relatively few type specimens collected by foreign institutions, and those collected were mainly paratypes. The 349 new taxa described this year were contributed by 356 authors, and a total of 182 articles were published. Zootaxa and ZooKeys were the main publication journals for these descriptions.

Conclusion: This study provides baseline data for further in-depth studies in the temporal and spatial patterns of species evolution and biodiversity protection in China. Moreover, in the face of today's rapidly declining biodiversity, we should accelerate the construction of data platforms and the integration of diverse information sources to strengthen the biodiversity research and protection.

Key words: biodiversity informatics, Hemiptera, Orthoptera, new taxa, China