生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (9): 0-0.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020166

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基于红外相机技术对广东肇庆林区鸟兽的编目调查

范宗骥1,2,欧阳学军1,2,万雅琼3,肖文宏4,谢文贵5,欧世坤5,邓锡杰5,黄忠良1,2,肖治术4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院华南植物园
    2. 鼎湖山国家级自然保护区管理局
    3. 生态环境部南京环境科学研究所
    4. 中国科学院动物研究所农业虫害鼠害综合治理研究国家重点实验室
    5.广东西江烂柯山省级自然保护区管理处

  • 收稿日期:2020-04-24 修回日期:2020-07-08 出版日期:2020-09-20 发布日期:2020-09-13
  • 通讯作者: 肖治术

Species inventory of mammals and birds using camera trapping in Zhaoqing forest region, Guangdong Province

Zongji Fan1,2,Xuejun Ouyang1,2,Yaqiong Wan3,Wenhong Xiao4,Wengui Xie5,Shikun Ou5,Xijie Deng5,Zhongliang Huang1,2,Zhishu Xiao4   

  1. 1.  South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
    2. Administrative Bureau of Dinghushan National Nature Reserve
    3. Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Ecology and Environment
    4. State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
    5. Administration of Guangdong Xijiang Lankeshan Provincial Nature Reserve
  • Received:2020-04-24 Revised:2020-07-08 Online:2020-09-20 Published:2020-09-13
  • Contact: Zhishu Xiao

摘要: 本研究采用公里网格的方法,在广东肇庆林区选取了3个监测样地共设置60个红外相机监测位点,对区域内大中型兽类和地面活动鸟类开展物种编目清查与评估。2017年1月至2018年12月,红外相机累计工作34212个相机日,共获得照片和视频68377份,独立有效照片11725张。共记录到74种野生动物,隶属于12目31科63属,包括兽类12种、鸟类62种,国家Ⅱ级重点保护动物有10种。兽类中相对多度指数排前三的依次为野猪(Sus scrofa)、鼬獾(Melogale moschata)和赤麂(Muntiacus vaginalis);鸟类依次为白鹇(Lophura nycthemera)、橙头地鸫(Geokichla citrina)和紫啸鸫(Myophonus caeruleus)。鼎湖山的兽类和鸟类、烂柯山的兽类和小湘的鸟类相对多度指数排前三的物种一致,其中鼎湖山的白鹇相对多度指数最高;小湘的豹猫(Prionailurus bengalensis)相对多度指数位列第三,仅次于野猪和鼬獾;烂柯山相对多度指数排前三的鸟类则依次为画眉(Garrulax canorus)、灰胸竹鸡(Bambusicola thoracicus)和红嘴相思鸟(Leiothrix lutea)。本研究为广东肇庆林区生物多样性监测与评估提供了数据参考。

关键词: 红外相机技术, 鼎湖山, 烂柯山, 小湘, 自然保护区, 编目评估

Abstract: In this study, based on 1km×1km grid, we monitored terrestrial birds and mammals with 60 camera trapping sites from three monitoring plots in Zhaoqing region of Guangdong province. A total of 11725 independent images (out of 68377 photos and videos) were collected with 34212 camera-days during January 2017 to December 2018. We recorded 74 species belong to 12 orders, 31 families and 63 genera, including 12 mammal species and 62 bird species, among which ten species were listed as Class II National Key Protected Species in China. According to the relative abundance index (RAI) of species, the top three mammal species with highest RAIs were Sus scrofa (RAI =2.701), Melogale moschata (RAI=1.494) and Muntiacus vaginalis (RAI=1.315); the top three avian species with highest RAIs were Lophura nycthemera (RAI=11.531), Geokichla citrine (RAI=2.774) and Myophonus caeruleus (RAI=1.605). Among the monitoring plots, the top three species with highest RAIs were consistent among Dinghushan mammal and bird, Lankeshan mammal and Xiaoxiang bird, Silver pheasant in Dinghushan had the highest RAI. Prionailurus bengalensis RAI was ranked third after Sus scrofa and Melogale moschata in Xiaoxiang forest. The top three avian species with highest RAIs in Lankeshan were Garrulax canorus (RAI=1.785), Bambusicola thoracicus (RAI=1.557) and Leiothrix lutea (RAI=1.442). This study provides basic data for biodiversity monitoring and assessment in Zhaoqing forest region of Guangdong province.

Key words: camera trapping, Dinghushan, Lankeshan, Xiaoxiang, nature reserve, species inventory assessment