生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (9): 1110-1114.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020052

• 中国野生动物红外相机监测网络专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

钱江源国家公园红外相机监测平台进展概述

申小莉1,*(), 余建平2, 李晟3, 肖慧芸1, 陈小南2, 陈声文2, 刘鸣章3, 马克平1   

  1. 1 中国科学院植物研究所植被与环境变化国家重点实验室, 北京 100093
    2 钱江源国家公园生态资源保护中心, 浙江开化 324300
    3 北京大学生命科学学院, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-20 接受日期:2020-10-08 出版日期:2020-09-20 发布日期:2020-10-27
  • 通讯作者: 申小莉
  • 作者简介:*E-mail: xlshen@ibcas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    科技部重点研发项目(Y7238B1001);科技部国家标本资源共享平台建设专题(2005DKA21400);钱江源国家公园科研项目资金

Progress overview of the camera-trapping monitoring platform for the Qianjiangyuan National Park, Zhejiang Province

Xiaoli Shen1,*(), Jianping Yu2, Sheng Li3, Huiyun Xiao1, Xiaonan Chen2, Shengwen Chen2, Mingzhang Liu3, Keping Ma1   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
    2 Center of Ecology and Resources, Qianjiangyuan National Park, Kaihua, Zhejiang 324300
    3 School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2020-02-20 Accepted:2020-10-08 Online:2020-09-20 Published:2020-10-27
  • Contact: Xiaoli Shen

摘要:

钱江源国家公园红外相机监测平台由钱江源国家公园管理局与中国科学院植物研究所、北京大学合作建立, 覆盖了钱江源国家公园全域和毗邻的安徽及江西省的部分区域。其中, 钱江源国家公园古田山片区的监测始于2014年5月, 其他区域的监测始于2018年7月; 毗邻的江西、安徽区域的监测分别始于2017年11月和2018年3月。截至2020年5月, 共在343个公里网格内完成了1,033个有效位点的调查, 总有效相机工作日331,834 d, 共获得兽类、鸟类的照片和视频718,515份, 独立有效探测数151,221次。其中, 658,644份照片和视频可鉴定到物种, 对应133,204次独立有效探测。记录到分属7目15科的野生兽类23种, 分属9目27科的野生鸟类75种。通过覆盖全域的长期监测, 完成了钱江源国家公园大中型兽类的本底调查, 开展了关键物种栖息地利用和种群动态等研究, 为国家公园的规划、保护管理措施的制定和保护管理成效的评估提供了数据支持。今后, 本监测平台将在时间和空间尺度上进一步拓展, 以服务于国家公园主要保护目标和生态系统的完整性保护, 并将研究成果转化为国家公园自然教育的案例和素材。

关键词: 钱江源国家公园, 红外相机技术, 野生动物监测, 保护地管理

Abstract:

The camera-trapping monitoring platform for the Qianjiangyuan National Park was established by the Qianjiangyuan National Park Administration in cooperation with the Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Peking University. The monitoring platform covers the whole national park and several adjacent areas in the Jiangxi and Anhui provinces. The survey started May 2014 in Gutianshan, and July 2018 for the rest of the regions in the park. In November 2017 and March 2018 surveys began in the adjacent areas of the Jiangxi and Anhui provinces, respectively. As of May 2020, 718,515 pictures/videos of mammals and birds have been obtained resulting in 151,221 independent detections, with a survey effort of 331,834 camera-days from 1,033 stations in 343 1 km × 1 km grids. Among those detections, 658,644 pictures/videos were able to be identified to the species level, corresponding for 133,204 independent detections. The survey recorded 23 wild mammal species belonging to 7 orders and 15 families, and 75 wild bird species belonging to 9 orders and 27 families. We updated the baseline information for large- and medium-sized mammals in the park, and examined habitat selection and population dynamics for key species, which provided important information for park management. The monitoring platform will be expanded to cover more adjacent areas around the park to continually provide information to support park management and provide teaching materials for environmental education for the park.

Key words: Qianjiangyuan National Park, camera-trapping, wildlife monitoring, protected area management