生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (9): 1067-1074.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020049

• 中国野生动物红外相机监测网络专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国猫科动物红外相机监测平台介绍: 民间环保机构的数据整合

刘炎林*(), 宋大昭, 刘蓓蓓, 夏凡, 陈月龙, 王一晴, 黄巧雯   

  1. 中国猫科动物保护联盟, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-18 接受日期:2020-05-15 出版日期:2020-09-20 发布日期:2020-10-13
  • 通讯作者: 刘炎林
  • 作者简介:*E-mail: lylpku@qq.com

Overview of the Camera-trapping Platform for Felid Species in China: Data integration by a conservation NGO

Yanlin Liu*(), Dazhao Song, Beibei Liu, Fan Xia, Yuelong Chen, Yiqing Wang, Qiaowen Huang   

  1. Chinese Felid Conservation Alliance, Beijing 100875
  • Received:2020-02-18 Accepted:2020-05-15 Online:2020-09-20 Published:2020-10-13
  • Contact: Yanlin Liu

摘要:

中国猫科动物红外相机监测平台始建于2007年, 致力于评估中国12种本土野生猫科动物的保护现状, 并推动猫科动物保护。该平台由中国猫科动物保护联盟(猫盟)牵头组织, 与科研院所、高校、保护组织、政府部门、保护地管理机构等合作开展监测。监测点涵盖我国10个省/自治区28个监测点, 包括自然保护区、风景名胜区、社会公益保护地、林场、非保护地等多种类型。根据调查目标和内容, 红外相机采用网格化布设和沿样线布设两种调查方案。监测数据由猫盟集中管理, 并与保护地共享使用。截至2019年12月, 平台共设置有效调查/监测位点939个, 有效相机工作日合计约283,239天, 获得有效独立探测164,262次, 积累红外相机照片/视频约25万份(删除连续空拍后), 另有约5万份待处理。记录到分属7目24科的91种野生兽类与分属9目23科的102种野生鸟类物种, 其中国家I、Ⅱ级重点保护野生动物分别有25种与55种。在23个监测点记录到10种猫科动物, 独立探测共6,507次, 其中金钱豹(Panthera pardus) 3,196次(50.7%), 豹猫(Prionailurus bengalensis) 2,817次(44.7%)。加强监测数据分析能力、评估濒危猫科动物种群现状、建立志愿者工作团队是猫科动物监测平台今后的重点工作方向。

关键词: 猫科动物, 胡焕庸线, 生物多样性监测, 红外相机, 公众科学

Abstract

The Camera-trapping Platform for Felid Species in China (Felid Monitoring Platform) was established in 2007 to evaluate the conservation status of the 12 native felid species in China and promote their conservation. The platform was initiated by the China Felid Conservation Alliance (CFCA), with collaborations from academic institutions, conservation organizations, government agencies, and protected area administrators. Monitoring using a grid-based or transect-based survey protocol has been conducted in 28 protected areas constituting nature reserves, scenic spots, civic protected areas, timberlands, unprotected areas, and other conservation areas spanning 10 provinces/autonomous regions. A camera trapping database is managed by CFCA and shared with protected area managers. By December 2019, the Felid Monitoring Platform has generated approximately 250,000 images with wildlife observations and 164,262 independent detections (not including additional data with ca. 50,000 unprocessed images) from 939 survey stations, with a sampling effort of 283,239 camera-days. To date, 91 wild mammal species (belonging to 7 orders and 24 families) and 102 wild bird species (belonging to 9 orders and 23 families) have been identified. Up to 25 species of those identified are listed as Class-I National Key Protected Species, and 55 species are listed as Class-II National Key Protected Species. Ten felid species were detected from 6,507 independent detections in 23 sites, including 3,196 (50.7%) detections of leopard (Panthera pardus) and 2,817 (44.7%) detections of leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis). In the future, the platform aims to improve CFCA staff capacity of camera data analysis, assess the conservation status for focal endangered felid species, and maintain volunteer working groups.

Key words: felid species, Hu Line, biodiversity monitoring, camera trapping, citizen science