生物多样性 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (9): 951-958.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2017186

• 植物园定位与发展战略专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

植物园支持城市可持续发展的思考——以上海辰山植物园为例

胡永红1,2,*(), 杨舒婷1,2, 杨俊1,2, 万吉尔1, 陈晓亚1,2   

  1. 1 中国科学院上海辰山植物科学研究中心/上海辰山植物园, 上海 201602
    2 上海市资源植物功能基因组学重点实验室, 上海 201602
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-26 接受日期:2017-09-17 出版日期:2017-09-20 发布日期:2017-10-04
  • 通讯作者: 胡永红
  • 作者简介:# 共同第一作者 Co-first authors
  • 基金资助:
    科技部基础专项(2015FY210100)、上海市科委科技攻关项目(16DZ1204900)和中国科学院战略生物资源科技支撑体系运行专项(CZBZX-1)

Botanical gardens support urban sustainable development: a case study from the Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden

Yonghong Hu1,2,*(), Shuting Yang1,2, Jun Yang1,2, Gilles Vincent1, Xiaoya Chen1,2   

  1. 1 Shanghai Chenshan Plant Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden, Shanghai 201602
    2 Shanghai Key Laboratory of Plant Functional Genomics and Resources, Shanghai 201602
  • Received:2017-06-26 Accepted:2017-09-17 Online:2017-09-20 Published:2017-10-04
  • Contact: Hu Yonghong

摘要:

作为生命世界的橱窗和城市文明的标志, 植物园承载着科研、保护、科普、娱乐、经济和文化等重要的功能, 且其功能随时代发展而演变。当前, 可持续发展已然成为全球经济和文化发展的一大共识。本文通过剖析植物园的定义与内涵、回溯植物园功能的历史演变、期望厘清植物园发展的脉络, 分析了城市可持续发展背景下植物园所面临的机遇和挑战以及为实现植物园自身可持续发展所需要关注的问题。以上海辰山植物园为案例, 探讨了植物园在推动自身科研、园艺、科普以及国际化发展的过程中, 对支持城市可持续发展所发挥的作用, 期望能为城市的协调持续发展和植物园同行提供些许启发。

关键词: 植物园, 功能定位, 城市, 可持续发展

Abstract

As a window into the world and a symbol of urban civilization, the botanical garden plays an important role in scientific research, conservation, science communication, cultural transmission, as well as leisure and entertainment. Its function also evolves and develops with time. Nowadays, it becomes more and more important for botanical gardens to take sustainable development into consideration so as to support urban sustainable development. In this paper, we reviewed the definition of the botanical garden, analyzed the history, function, and evolution of the botanical garden to find universal rules for development of botanical gardens. We also discussed challenges and opportunities that botanical gardens may face through urban development, and problems that need to be addressed in the process of integrating sustainability into botanical gardens. Lastly, we use the Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden as an example to briefly discuss the role of the botanical garden in supporting urban sustainable development in the process of promoting scientific research, science communication, and international development. We hope this can provide some ideas for coordinated urban development.

Key words: botanical garden, function, city, sustainable development