生物多样性 ›› 1999, Vol. 07 ›› Issue (4): 270-276.DOI: 10.17520/biods.1999042

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

新疆盘羊(Ovis ammon)的地理分布特征

余玉群,史军,刘楚光,罗宁,顾正勤,初红军   

  1. 1(西北濒危动物研究所, 西安710032)
    2(新疆林业厅自然保护医管理办公室. 乌鲁术齐830000)
    3(中国科学院新疆生物土壤沙漠研究所. 乌鲁术齐830000
    4(新疆巴音郭捞州林业局自然保护区昔理办公室, 库尔勒841000)
    5(新疆阿勒泰地区林业局自然保护区昔理办公室, 阿勒泰836500)
  • 收稿日期:1999-01-20 修回日期:1999-06-16 出版日期:1999-11-20 发布日期:1999-11-20

Geographical distribution of argali (Ovis ammon) in Xinjiang

YU Yu-Qun, SHI Jun, LIU Chu-Guang, LUO Ning, GU Zheng-Qin, CHU Hong-Jun   

  1. 1)Northwest Institute of Endangered Animal Species,Xi’an 710032
    2)Nature Reserce Management Office,Xinjiang Province Forestry Department,Urumqi 830000
    3)Xinjiang Institute of Biology,Pedology and Psammology Research,The Chinese Academy of Sciences,Urumqi 830000
    4)Natttre Reserve Management Office,Forestry Bureau of Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture,Korla County 841000
    5) Nature Reserve Management Office,Forestry Brueau of Altay Prefecture,Altay County 836500
  • Received:1999-01-20 Revised:1999-06-16 Online:1999-11-20 Published:1999-11-20

摘要: 新疆盘羊(Ovis ammon)分布可划分为三个阶段:10 000~5000年前为石器时代分布,5000~50年前为历史分布,50年前至今为现代分布。新疆盘羊分布非常广泛,从南边的昆仑—阿尔金山至最北的阿尔泰山,从东天山到准噶尔界山,甚至罗布泊和帕米尔都有分布。在昆仑—阿尔金山、中天山、巴尔鲁克山和玛依勒山,盘羊为连续分布;其它地区为成片分布、零星分布和季节性分布。盘羊栖息的海拔高度可从920~4600 m,垂直分布由于高程-纬度效应,从南到北一般随着纬度升高而降低。在水源缺乏的地区,其垂直分布还受地表水和泉水分布的制约。

关键词: 土壤种子库, 太白山, 山地森林, 种子数量, &alpha, 多样性, &beta, 多样性

AbstractBased on rock cawing,historical records and field investigation,the distribution of argali(Ovis ammon)can be divided into three stages,i.e.Stone Age(10 000~5000 years ago),5O00~50 years ago, and current distribution.At present,argali is widespread in Xinjiang,even in Lop Lake and Pamirs.The continuous distributions are in the middle Tianshan Mountains,south A1tun and Kunlun Mountains,as well as the west part of Junggar,while the others are fragmentary or seasonal distributions Argali are distrbuted at the elevation of 920- 4600 meters.As the latitude increases.it’s vertical distribution becomes low In arid areas, the distribution of argali depends on springs~and surface water,not correlated with latitude.

Key words: -diversity, &beta, -diversity, forest type, Mt. Taibai, seed reserves, soil seed bank, &alpha