Biodiversity Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (9): 979-999.doi: 10.17520/biods.2016203

Special Issue: Red List of China’s Vertebrates

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Biodiversity pursuits need a scientific and operative species concept

De-Yuan Hong*()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
  • Online:2016-10-09
  • Hong De-Yuan E-mail:hongdy@ibcas.ac.cn

The future of human being may rely on biodiversity, and thus depends on how to investigate, conserve, and rationally use biodiversity. Species is the basic unit of biodiversity, and therefore rational delimitation of species is one of the crucial issues for biodiversity pursuits. However, no species concept published until now is both scientific and operative. A tentative species concept is proposed here just for discussion.

Key words: biodiversity, species delimitation, species concept, biological species concept, genetic species concept, evolutionary species concept, phylogenetic species concept, ecological species concept, taxonomic species concept

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物种概念 Species concept
1 无性繁殖物种 Agamospecies
2 自衍征物种 Autapomorphic species
3 生物学物种 Biospecies
4 支序物种 Cladospecies
5 内聚物种 Cohesion species
6 掠夺物种 Compilospecies
7 复合物种 Composite species
8 生态学物种 Ecospecies
9 进化物种 Evolutionary species
10 进化显著单元 Evolutionary significant unit
11 血缘和谐物种 Genealogical concordance species
12 基因物种 Genic species
13 遗传学物种 Genetic species
14 基因型簇 Genotypic cluster
15 亨氏物种 Hennigian species
16 节点间物种 Internodal species
17 涵盖范围最小分类单元
Least inclusive taxonomic unit (LITUS)
18 形态学物种 Morphospecies
19 无维物种 Non-dimensional species
20 假物种 Nothospecies
21 系统发生分类群物种 Phylogenetic taxon species
22 表征物种 Phenospecies
23 识别物种 Recognition species
24 生殖竞争物种 Reproductive competition species
25 接替物种 Successional (successive) species
26 分类学物种 Taxonomic species

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Stern (1946) 方文培 (1958) 《中国植物志》27卷 (潘开玉, 1979)
P. delavayi Franch.: 云南丽江等

P. lutea Delavay ex Franch.: 云南、西藏东南部
P. potaninii Kom.
var. potaninii: 四川西部、云南永宁
var. trollioides (= P. trollioidess Stapf ex Stern): 云南德钦、西藏东南部
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P. lutea var. ludlowii Stern & G. Taylor (1951): 西藏东南部
P. delavayi: 四川木里、西藏察瓦龙、云南
P. lutea: 云南

P. potaninii
var. potaninii: 四川木里、云南丽江
var. trollioides: 四川木里、云南丽江

………………………………
P. delavayi
var. delavayi: 云南西北部、 四川西南部、西藏东南部
var. lutea: 云南、四川西南部、西藏东南部
var. angustiloba: 四川西部


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