生物多样性 ›› 2011, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (4): 414-423.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2011.10289

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国种子植物特有属的地理分布格局

陈圣宾1, 欧阳志云1*, 方瑜1, 李振基2   

  1. 1中国科学院生态环境研究中心城市与区域生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100085
    2厦门大学生命科学学院, 厦门 361005
  • 收稿日期:2010-12-03 修回日期:2011-04-16 出版日期:2011-07-20 发布日期:2011-07-29
  • 通讯作者: 欧阳志云
  • 基金资助:

    国家科技支撑计划项目

Geographic patterns of endemic seed plant genera diversity in China

Shengbin Chen1, Zhiyun Ouyang1*, Yu Fang1, Zhenji Li2   

  1. 1State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085

    2School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005
  • Received:2010-12-03 Revised:2011-04-16 Online:2011-07-20 Published:2011-07-29
  • Contact: Zhiyun Ouyang

摘要: 生物特有现象的地理格局及其形成机制是生物地理学的重要研究内容。本文通过整合173个地区的中国种子植物特有属编目资料、环境和空间因子数据, 运用多元回归和方差分解的方法, 探索了中国种子植物特有属丰富度及其占全部种子植物属丰富度的比例(特有属比例)与环境(生境异质性和气候)和空间因子的关系。结果表明: (1)特有属丰富度及特有属比例具有很强的空间变异性, 在华中地区最高, 而靠近国界和大陆边缘的地区较低; 相比而言, 种子植物属丰富度的空间变异性较弱, 且表现出显著的纬度梯度性; (2)特有属丰富度及特有属比例主要由空间因子和生境异质性(地形的复杂性)决定, 即在大的空间尺度上, 地理位置决定一个地区特有属比例的理论值, 生境异质性和气候因子对其进行微调; 而种子植物属丰富度的地理格局主要受气候和生境异质性的影响。(3)中国种子植物特有属是主观性非常强的概念, 特有属比例所反映的植物区系系统发育信息可能会很低; 空间因子所解释的方差中到底有多少是系统发育因素, 还需要进一步的研究。本文最后讨论了当前特有属定义和判定的不足之处。虽然理论上认为特有属的判定不应以行政边界为标准, 但是目前几乎所有的中国特有属划分方法均以国界为准, 这在一定程度上降低了中国种子植物特有属概念的科学内涵和在实践中的作用。因此,我们建议在理论和实践中对中国种子植物特有属概念采取审慎的态度。

Abstract: Endemism describes the phenomenon that the distribution of individual species/taxa is critically restricted to a specific region. Seed plant genera endemic to China (endemic genera) are those with their main geographic distribution range within the borders of China. The geographic patterns of endemic genera can not only guide conservation planning, but these organisms are also important biological resources. We gath-ered data of 173 localities on environmental and spatial factors, and regional seed plant genera richness (GRN), endemic genera richness (EGRN) and endemic genera ratio (EGR), which was calculated by dividing EGRN by GRN. Multiple regression and variance partitioning were used to examine how environmental and spatial variables affect GRN, EGRN, and EGR. Our results showed that: (1) EGRN and EGR had stronger spatial variability than GRN, with highest values (richness and ratio) in central China and lower near national borders and continental edges. GRN exhibited an evident latitudinal gradient. (2) EGRN and EGR were mainly determined by habitat heterogeneity and spatial factors. Regional theoretical EGR was constrained by its geographical location, and was further adjusted by habitat heterogeneity (topographical complexity) and climatic factors. Geographical patterns of GRN, on the other hand, were mainly determined by climatic con-ditions and habitat heterogeneity rather than spatial factors. (3) Seed plant genera endemic to China could be rather difficult to define, and probably reflected inadequate information on phylogenetic evolution of local flora. Further studies are needed to examine the variance explained by spatial factors through a phylogenetic lense. Finally, flaws in the definition and classification of seed plant genera endemic to China were dis-cussed. Theoretically, genera endemic to China should not be defined according to the political borders. But, in practice, nearly all the lists of seed plant genera endemic to China proposed by several authors were based on the relationship between the geographic distribution of specific genus and national borders. Thus, we recommend that, the concept of seed plant genera endemic to China should be used carefully in both theo-retical research and biodiversity conservation practices.