生物多样性 ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (5): 564-571.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.08068

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古田山木本植物功能性状的系统发育信号及其对群落结构的影响

曹科1, 2, 饶米德1, 余建平3, 刘晓娟2, 米湘成2, 陈建华1, *()   

  1. 1 浙江师范大学化学与生命科学学院, 浙江金华 321004
    2 中国科学院植物研究所植被与环境变化国家重点实验室, 北京 100093
    3 古田山国家级自然保护区, 浙江开化 324300
  • 收稿日期:2013-03-15 接受日期:2013-05-26 出版日期:2013-09-20
  • 通讯作者: 陈建华 E-mail:sky78@zjnu.cn
  • 基金项目:
    国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAC01B05);浙江省自然基金(Y5100361)

The phylogenetic signal of functional traits and their effects on community structure in an evergreen broad-leaved forest

Ke Cao1, 2, Mide Rao1, Jianping Yu3, Xiaojuan Liu2, Xiangcheng Mi2, Jianhua Chen1, *()   

  1. 1 College of Chemistry and Life Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang 321004
    2 State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
    3 Gutianshan National Nature Reserve, Kaihua, Zhejiang 324300
  • Received:2013-03-15 Accepted:2013-05-26 Online:2013-09-20
  • Contact: Chen Jianhua E-mail:sky78@zjnu.cn

植物功能性状(plant functional trait)的进化历史及其与群落结构的关系是近年来生态学研究的热点问题之一。为探究植物功能性状受系统进化历史的影响程度, 以及功能性状是否通过影响物种多度分布进而影响群落结构等问题, 本研究以古田山24 ha永久性监测样地中的156种木本植物为对象, 收集了叶片氮含量、叶片磷含量、叶面积、木质密度、比叶面积和种子重量6种功能性状的数据, 用K值法检验了各个功能性状的系统发育信号(phylogenetic signal), 并运用系统发育独立比较(phylogenetic independent contrasts, PIC)的方法分析了各个性状与多度的关系。结果显示, 所有6种功能性状都表现出较强的系统发育信号, 表明本区域木本植物系统发育历史显著地影响这些功能性状; 另一方面, 叶氮含量、叶磷含量、叶面积、木质密度和比叶面积与物种多度显著相关, 而种子重量与物种多度没有显著的相关性, 表明群落内不同物种的资源获取方式可显著地影响群落的结构。

关键词: 植物功能性状, 系统发育信号, 多度, 系统发育独立比较, 古田山

The phylogenetic conservatism of plant functional traits and its association with community structure are important topics in ecological research. Plant functional traits are simultaneously affected by their evolutionary background, local habitat conditions and large-scale climate. In this study we asked whether functional traits have a significant phylogenetic signal and significantly affect species abundance in a community. For this objective, we used data from a 24 ha Gutianshan forest plot, which included species abundance and six functional traits of 156 woody species: leaf nitrogen content, leaf phosphorus content, leaf area, wood density, specific leaf area and seed mass. We found that all functional traits showed significant phylogenetic signal, suggesting that all functional traits are significantly affected by their evolutionary history. We also found that species abundance was correlated with leaf nitrogen content, leaf phosphorus content, leaf area, woody density and specific leaf area except seed mass, suggesting that resource acquisition significantly affects species abundance distribution in a community, and that these functional traits impact community structure in different ways.

Key words: plant functional trait, phylogenetic signal, abundance, phylogenetic independent contrast, Gutianshan

表1

古田山常绿阔叶林木本植物功能性状的系统发育信号"

功能性状 Functional traits K P
叶的氮含量 Leaf nitrogen content 0.238 0.001
叶的磷含量 Leaf phosphorus content 0.250 0.001
叶面积 Leaf area 0.431 0.007
木质密度 Wood density 0.224 0.001
比叶面积 Specific leaf area 0.121 0.009
种子重量 Seed mass 0.524 0.001

图1

采用PIC方法去除系统发育信号后, 古田山常绿阔叶林木本植物6种功能性状与多度的关系。每个点代表一个物种, 线条表示功能性状与多度的线性关系。"

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