生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (7): 896-904.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019393

• 罗霄山脉生物多样性专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

罗霄山脉大型真菌区系分析与资源评价

邓旺秋, 李泰辉*(), 宋宗平, 张明, 徐隽彦, 黄浩, 钟祥荣, 王超群, 贺勇   

  1. 广东省科学院, 广州 510070
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-11 接受日期:2020-02-18 出版日期:2020-07-20 发布日期:2020-09-29
  • 通讯作者: 李泰辉
  • 作者简介:* E-mail: drlitaihui@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技基础性工作专项(2013FY111500);国家自然科学基金(31670018);广东省科技计划项目(2018B020205001);广东省科技计划项目(2018B030324001)

Floristic analysis and resource evaluation of macrofungi in the Luoxiao Mountains, China

Wangqiu Deng, Taihui Li*(), Zongping Song, Ming Zhang, Junyan Xu, Hao Huang, Xiangrong Zhong, Chaoqun Wang, Yong He   

  1. Guangdong Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510070
  • Received:2019-12-11 Accepted:2020-02-18 Online:2020-07-20 Published:2020-09-29
  • Contact: Taihui Li

摘要:

本文采用踏查法对罗霄山脉地区大型真菌资源进行了为期5年的调查, 共采集标本5,100多号。结合形态学与分子生物学方法, 鉴定出大型真菌2门7纲20目72科218属672种, 其中幕阜山脉115种、九岭山脉168种、武功山脉77种、万洋山脉220种、诸广山脉193种; 新增罗霄山脉新记录属37个、新记录种514种。对罗霄山脉大型真菌物种组成分析表明, 含10种以上的优势科有18科, 其物种数占物种总数的73.36%, 为多孔菌科、蘑菇科、粉褶蕈科等; 含5种以上的优势属有34属, 其物种数占物种总数的55.36%, 包括粉褶蕈属(Entoloma)鹅膏属(Amanita)小皮伞属(Marasmius)等; 在该山脉发现中国特有属2个, 中国特有种46个。大型真菌资源利用价值评估表明, 罗霄山脉有食用菌133种、药用菌136种、毒菌87种, 部分种类具有良好的应用前景。本研究为该地区大型真菌资源的保护、利用和管理提供了较重要的科学依据。

关键词: 真菌区系, 多样性, 优势类群, 经济真菌

Abstract:

The resources of macrofungi in the Luoxiao Mountains have been investigated for 5 years, and more than 5,100 specimens were collected. A total of 672 species of macrofungi, belonging to 20 orders, 72 families and 218 genera, have been identified based on morphological and molecular analyses. Among them, there were 115 species in the Mufu Mountains, 168 species in the Jiuling Mountains, 77 species in the Wugong Mountains, 220 species in the Wanyang Mountains and 193 species in the Zhuguang Mountains. There were 37 newly recorded genera and 514 newly recorded species in the Luoxiao Mountains. The species composition of macrofungi in the Luoxiao Mountains showed that there were 18 dominant families with more than 10 species, accounting for 73.36% of the total species, including Polyporaceae, Agaricaceae, Entolomataceae, and so on. There were 34 dominant genera with more than 5 species, accounting for 55.36% of the total species, such as Entoloma, Amanita, Marasmius, and so on. There were 2 genera and 46 species endemic to China in this mountain range. The assessment of utilization value of the macrofungi showed that there were133 edible species, 136 medicinal species and 87 poisonous species in the Luoxiao Mountains, indicating the resources have good application prospects. This study provides important scientific basis for the protection, utilization and management of macrofungal resources in this area.

Key words: fungal flora, diversity, dominant taxa, economic fungi