生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (9): 1012-1015.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019204

• 生物编目 • 上一篇    下一篇

利用红外相机对四川白水河国家级自然保护区鸟兽资源的初步调查

杨纬和1,陈月龙2,邓玥3,王兴哲2,陈立军1,胡大明3,罗秀海3,宋大昭2,肖治术1,*()   

  1. 1 中国科学院动物研究所农业虫鼠害综合治理研究国家重点实验室, 北京 100101
    2 中国猫科动物保护联盟, 重庆 400020
    3 四川白水河国家级自然保护区管理局, 四川彭州 611930
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-26 接受日期:2019-09-18 出版日期:2019-09-20 发布日期:2019-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 肖治术
  • 基金资助:
    国家禁止开发区补助资金和中国科学院生物多样性监测与研究网络兽类网运行经费

Preliminary surveys of mammals and birds by infrared camera traps in the Sichuan Baishuihe National Nature Reserve

Weihe Yang1,Yuelong Chen2,Yue Deng3,Xingzhe Wang2,Lijun Chen1,Daming Hu3,Xiuhai Luo3,Dazhao Song2,Zhishu Xiao1,*()   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2 Chinese Felid Conservation Alliance, Chongqing 400020
    3 Administration of Sichuan Baishuihe National Nature Reserve, Pengzhou, Sichuan 611930
  • Received:2019-06-26 Accepted:2019-09-18 Online:2019-09-20 Published:2019-09-25
  • Contact: Zhishu Xiao

摘要:

2017年5月至2018年5月, 我们在四川白水河国家级自然保护区内设置红外相机对地面活动鸟兽进行了初步调查。布设在24个位点的24台相机累计工作3,832天, 共获得可识别物种的独立有效照片535张。经鉴定, 兽类有4目10科17种, 鸟类有2目4科10种。其中, 国家I级重点保护野生动物5种, 国家II级重点保护野生动物8种, 中国豪猪(Hystrix hodgsoni)、宝兴歌鸫(Turdus mupinensis)和黑顶噪鹛(Trochalopteron affine)为保护区新记录种, 而大熊猫(Ailuropoda melanoleuca)为汶川地震后首次拍到。兽类中, 花面狸(Paguma larvata)、黄喉貂(Martes flavigula)和中华斑羚(Naemorhedus griseus) 3种动物的独立有效照片总数占全部兽类独立有效照片数的50.2%。鸟类中, 血雉(Ithaginis cruentus)和红腹角雉(Tragopan temminckii)的独立有效照片总数占全部鸟类独立有效照片数的91.6%。本研究为白水河国家级自然保护区野生动物资源管理和保护提供了参考依据。

关键词: 白水河, 红外相机, 相对多度指数

Abstract:

From May 2017 to May 2018, we used camera traps to investigate the ground-dwelling bird and mammal species in the Sichuan Baishuihe National Nature Reserve, China. From footage of over 3,832 camera trap days from 24 camera trap stations, we identified 535 independent wildlife images, including 17 mammal species belonging to 10 families and 4 orders and 10 bird species belonging to 4 families and 2 orders. Five of these species are listed as Class I Nationally Protected Wildlife, and 8 species are listed as Class II. Hystrix hodgsoni, Turdus mupinensis and Trochalopteron affine were newly recorded in the nature reserve, and Ailuropoda melanoleuca was first recorded after the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake. For mammals, the number of independent images of Paguma larvata, Martes flavigula and Naemorhedus griseus accounted for 50.2%, and for birds, that of Ithaginis cruentus and Tragopan temminckii accounted for 91.6%. Our study provides important baseline information for the management and conservation of wildlife in the Baishuihe National Nature Reserve.

Key words: Baishuihe, infrared camera, relative abundance index