生物多样性 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (5): 598-609.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015331

• • 上一篇    下一篇

通过红色名录评估研究中国内陆鱼类受威胁现状及其成因

曹亮1, 张鹗1, *(), 臧春鑫2, 曹文宣1   

  1. 1中国科学院水生生物研究所, 武汉 430072
    2中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012
  • 收稿日期:2015-11-27 接受日期:2016-01-28 出版日期:2016-05-20
  • 通讯作者: 张鹗 E-mail:zhange@ihb.ac.cn
  • 基金项目:
    环境保护部生物多样性保护专项(Y31Z01)

Evaluating the status of China’s continental fish and analyzing their causes of endangerment through the red list assessment

Liang Cao1, E Zhang1, *(), Chunxin Zang2, Wenxuan Cao1   

  1. 1 Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072
    2 Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
  • Received:2015-11-27 Accepted:2016-01-28 Online:2016-05-20
  • Contact: Zhang E E-mail:zhange@ihb.ac.cn

根据已有的基础资料, 采用IUCN评估等级和标准, 对中国目前已鉴定的1,443种内陆鱼类受威胁现状进行了评估。评估结果显示, 1,443种内陆鱼类中, 灭绝3种、区域灭绝1种、极危65种、濒危101种、易危129种、近危101种、无危454种和数据缺乏589种。同已有的IUCN评估结果相比, 本次被评估的物种数目多, 受威胁物种大幅度增加, 其数目达295种, 占已知中国内陆鱼类总数的20.44%, 低于全球平均值(29%)。属于灭绝等级的鱼类是大鳞白鱼(Anabarilius macrolepis)、异龙鲤(Cyprinus yilongensis)和茶卡高原鳅(Triplophysa cakaensis); 属于区域灭绝等级的鱼类是长颌北鲑(Stenodus nelma)。鲤科是受威胁物种数最多的科, 其中裂腹鱼亚科和鲤亚科的种类受威胁程度最高。长江上游和珠江上游受威胁物种最多, 是受威胁最严重的地区。中国内陆鱼类受威胁的主要因素为河流筑坝、生境退化或丧失、酷渔滥捕和引进外来种。列入数据缺乏等级的鱼类较多, 占中国内陆鱼类的40.82%, 表明对中国内陆鱼类物种多样性了解不充分, 需要加强野外调查以积累基础资料。

关键词: 内陆鱼类, 红色名录, 受威胁物种, 致危因子

Continental fishes (totaling 1,443 species) in China were assessed for their status based on available data utilizing the IUCN Redlist Categories and Criteria. Among these, 3 species were listed as Extinct, 1 as Regionally Extinct, 65 as Critically Endangered, 101 as Endangered, 129 as Vulnerable, 101 as Near Threatened, 454 as of Least Concern, and 589 were Data Deficient. Both the number of species assessed here and the number of species classified as threatened, were greater than those already identified by the IUCN. There were 295 threatened species, which accounted for 20.44% of the total number of currently identified continental fish in China. This ratio was lower than the known worldwide average. Three extinct species identified were Anabarilius macrolepis, Cyprinus yilongensis and Triplophysa cakaensis, and Stenodus nelma was found to be regionally extinct in China. Among all families assessed, Cyprinidae had the highest number of threatened species. Within this family, Schizothroracinae and Cyprininae were the two most threatened subfamilies. The upper Yangtze River and the upper Pearl River were two areas with the highest number of threatened species. Major threats to continental fish in China can be classified into four categories: dam construction, habitat degradation, over-fishing, and introducing of alien species. A total of 589 species (40.82% of continental fishes in China) were listed as Data Deficient. This large number indicated insufficient information regarding continental fishes in China, therefore warranting the need for basic data collection on continental fishes through field surveys.

Key words: continental fishes, red list, threatened species, threat

表1

中国内陆鱼类各目级和科级类群的属和物种数目"

目 Order 科 Family 纯淡水 Fresh 咸淡水 Brackish 全部 Fresh + Brackish

Genus

Species

Genus

Species

Genus

Species
魟形目 Myliobatiformes 魟科 Dasyatidae 1 2 1 2
七鳃鳗目 Petromyzontiformes 七鳃鳗科 Petromyzontidae 1 2 1 1 1 3
鲟形目 Acipenseriformes 鲟科 Acipenseridae 2 3 1 3 2 6
白鲟科 Polyodontidae 1 1 1 1
鳗鲡目 Anguilliformes 鳗鲡科 Anguillidae 1 4 1 4
鲱形目 Clupiformes 鲱科 Clupeidae 1 1 1 1
鳀科 Engraulidae 1 3 1 3
鲤形目 Cypriniformes 鲤科 Cyprinidae 138 656 138 656
裸吻鱼科 Psilorhynchidae 1 1 1 1
花鳅科 Cobitidae 10 35 10 35
沙鳅科 Botidae 6 35 6 35
爬鳅科 Balitoridae 7 42 7 42
腹吸鳅科 Gastromyzontidae 9 55 9 55
条鳅科 Nemacheilidae 19 244 19 244
双孔鱼科 Gyrinocheilidae 1 1 1 1
亚口鱼科 Catostomidae 1 1 1 1
鲇形目 Siluriformes 囊鳃鲇科 Heteropneustidae 1 1 1 1
鲿科 Bagridae 2 38 2 38
长臀鮠科 Cranoglanididae 1 3 1 3
鲇科 Siluridae 6 17 6 17
锡伯鲇科 Schilbeidae 1 3 1 3
?? 科 Pangasiidae 1 5 1 5
钝头鮠科 Amblycipitidae 2 13 2 13
粒鲇科 Akysidae 1 2 1 2
鮡科 Sisoridae 10 78 10 78
胡子鲇科 Clariidae 1 1 1 1
狗鱼目 Esociformes 狗鱼科 Esocidae 1 2 1 2
胡瓜鱼目 Osmeriformes 胡瓜鱼科 Osmeridae 1 2 1 2
香鱼科 Plecoglossidae 1 1 1 1
银鱼科 Salangidae 2 6 5 8 6 14
鲑形目 Salmoniformes 鲑科 Salmonidae 7 13 1 3 7 16
鳕形目 Gadiformes 鳕科 Lotidae 1 1 1 1 2 2
颌针鱼目 Beloniformes 鱵科 Hemiramphidae 1 3 1 3
鳉科 Adrianichthyidae 1 4 1 4
刺鱼目 Gasterosteiformes 刺鱼科 Gasterosteidae 2 3 2 3
合鳃鱼目 Syngnathiformes 合鳃鱼科 Syngnathidae 1 2 1 2
刺鳅科 Mastacembelidae 1 6 1 6
鲉形目 Scorpaeniformes 杜父鱼科 Cottidae 3 7 2 2 5 9
鲈形目 Perciformes 真鲈科 Percichthyidae 2 10 2 10
鲈科 Percidae 1 2 1 2
变色鲈科 Badidae 1 1 1 1
溪鳢科 Rhyacichthyidae 1 1 1 1
沙塘鳢科 Odontobutidae 6 9 6 9
塘鳢科 Eleotridae 3 6 1 1 3 7
虾虎鱼科 Gobiidae 8 62 3 10 11 72
攀鲈科 Anabantidae 1 1 1 1
斗鱼科 Belontiidae 1 2 1 2
鳢科 Channidae 1 11 1 11
丝足鲈科 Osphronemidae 1 1 1 1
鲀形目 Tetraodontiformes 鲀科 Tetraodontidae 1 6 1 6
鲽形目 Pleuronectiformes 舌鳎科 Cynoglossidae 1 5 1 5
总计 Total 263 1,382 28 61 286 1,443

表2

中国内陆鱼类红色名录评估结果"

评估等级
Category
总种数(比例)
Number of species
(%)
特有种数(比例)
Number of endemic species (%)
灭绝 EX 3(0.21) 3(0.31)
区域灭绝 RE 1(0.07) 0(0.00)
极危 CR 65(4.50) 56(5.87)
濒危 EN 101(7.00) 84(8.81)
易危 VU 129(8.94) 106(11.11)
近危 NT 101(7.00) 65(6.81)
无危 LC 454(31.46) 200(20.96)
数据缺乏 DD 589(40.82) 440(46.12)
总计 Total 1,443(100.0) 954(100.0)

表3

中国内陆鱼类红色名录评估结果与IUCN评估结果的比较"

评估等级
Category
中国
China
IUCN中国(2015)
Threatened species of China (IUCN)
IUCN全球
Threatened species of the World (IUCN)
种数
Num-
ber
比例(%)
Propor-
tion
种数
Num-
ber
比例(%)
Propor-
tion
种数
Num-
ber
比例(%)
Proportion
灭绝 EX 3 0.21 2 0.4 60 1
野外灭绝或区域
灭绝 EW or RE
1 0.07 0 0.2 8 0.1
极危 CR 65 4.50 29 5.2 382 6.6
濒危 EN 101 7.00 14 2.5 416 7.2
易危 VU 129 8.94 26 4.6 881 15.2
近危 NT 101 7.00 15 2.7 259 4.5
无危 LC 454 31.46 285 50.7 2,717 47
数据缺乏 DD 589 40.82 189 33.8 1,062 18.4
总计 Total 1,443 100.0 560 100.0 5,785 100.0
参考文献
Reference
Carrizo et al (2013)

表4

中国内陆鱼类红色名录受威胁物种评估结果统计"


Order

Family
评估等级 Category 种数
Number of species
受威胁物种数
Number of threatened species
比例
Proportion
(%)
EX RE CR EN VU
七鳃鳗目 Petromyzontiformes 七鳃鳗科 Petromyzontidae 2 3 2 66.7
鲟形目 Acipenseriformes 鲟科 Acipenseridae 5 1 6 6 100
白鲟科 Polyodontidae 1 1 1 100
鳗鲡目 Anguilliformes 鳗鲡科 Anguillidae 2 4 2 50
鲤形目 Cypriniformes 鲤科 Cyprinidae 2 43 61 75 656 179 27.3
裸吻鱼科 Psilorhynchidae 1 1 1 100
花鳅科 Cobitidae 2 1 35 3 8.6
沙鳅科 Botidae 1 6 35 7 20
爬鳅科 Balitoridae 3 3 42 6 14.3
腹吸鳅科 Gastromyzontidae 4 55 4 7.3
条鳅科 Nemacheilidae 1 6 7 15 244 27 11.5
亚口鱼科 Catostomidae 1 1 1 100
鲇形目 Siluriformes 鲿科 Bagridae 2 1 38 2 7.9
长臀鮠科 Cranoglanididae 2 3 2 66.7
鲇科 Siluridae 1 1 2 17 4 23.5
??科 Pangasiidae 1 4 1 25
粒鲇科 Akysidae 1 2 1 50
钝头鮠科 Amblycipitidae 1 2 13 3 23.1
鮡科 Sisoridae 1 6 5 78 12 15.4
胡瓜鱼目 Osmeriformes 香鱼科 Plecoglossidae 1 1 1 100
银鱼科 Salangidae 1 1 14 2 14.3
鲑形目 Salmoniformes 鲑科 Salmonidae 1 2 2 4 16 8 50
鲉形目 Scorpaeniformes 杜父鱼科 Cottidae 1 1 9 2 22.2
鲈形目 Perciformes 真鲈科 Percichthyidae 1 10 1 10
鲈科 Percidae 1 2 1 50
沙塘鳢科 Odontobutidae 3 9 3 33.3
虾虎鱼科 Gobiidae 8 2 72 10 13.9
鲱形目 Clupiformes 鲱科 Clupeidae 1 1 1 100

图1

中国内陆鱼类各主要科级类群红色名录评估结果"

图2

鲤科鱼类各亚科评估结果百分比图"

图3

中国内陆鱼类受威胁物种的地理分布。钱塘江、闽江包含福建和浙江两省独立入海河流; 青藏高原湖泊指西藏和青海两省的封闭湖泊; 两广沿海河流指广东和广西所有沿海独立入海的河流。"

表6

中国内陆鱼类各科级类群受威胁特有种的统计"


Family
受胁特有种数
Number of threatened endemic
species
特有种数
Number of
endemic
species
比例
Proportion
(%)
七鳃鳗科 Petromyzontidae 1 1 100
鲟科 Acipenseridae 1 1 100
白鲟科 Polyodontidae 1 1 100
鲤科 Cyprinidae 162 447 36.2
花鳅科 Cobitidae 3 20 15.0
沙鳅科 Botidae 7 25 28.0
爬鳅科 Balitoridae 6 32 18.8
腹吸鳅科 Gastromyzontidae 4 47 8.5
条鳅科 Nemacheilidae 27 198 13.6
亚口鱼科 Catostomidae 1 1 100.0
鲿科 Bagridae 3 28 10.7
长臀鮠科 Cranoglanididae 2 2 100.0
鲇科 Siluridae 2 7 28.6
钝头鮠科 Amblycipitidae 3 13 23.1
鮡科 Sisoridae 9 45 20.0
银鱼科 Salangidae 1 6 16.7
鲑科 Salmonidae 3 3 100.0
杜父鱼科 Cottidae 1 1 100.0
真鲈科 Percichthyidae 1 6 16.7
沙塘鳢科 Odontobutidae 2 7 28.6
虾虎鱼科 Gobiidae 9 46 19.6
1 Cao WX, Zhu SQ (1988) Two new species of the genus Triplophysa from Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, China (Cypriniformes: Cobitidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 13, 201-204. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[曹文宣, 朱松泉 (1988) 青藏高原高原鳅属鱼类两新种(鲤形目: 鳅科). 动物分类学报, 13, 201-204.]
2 Carrizo SF, Smith KG, Darwall WRT (2013) Progress towards a global assessment of the status of freshwater fishes (Pisces) for the IUCN Red List: application to conservation programmes in zoos and aquariums. International Zoo Yearbook, 47, 46-64.
3 Chan BPL, Chen XL (2008) Species diversity and distribution of freshwater fishes at Mt. Yinggeling, Hainan Island, China. Biodiversity Science, 16, 44-52. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[陈辈乐, 陈湘粦 (2008) 海南鹦哥岭地区的鱼类物种多样性与分布特点. 生物多样性, 16, 44-52.]
4 Chen DQ, Xiong F, Shi JQ, Qi HF (2011) The Protection Research of Gymnocypris przewalskii. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[陈大庆, 熊飞, 史建全, 祁洪芳 (2011) 青海湖裸鲤研究与保护. 科学出版社, 北京.]
5 Chen YR, Yang JX, Li ZY (1998) The diversity and present status of fishes in Yunnan Province. Chinese Biodiversity, 6, 272-277. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[陈银瑞, 杨君兴, 李再云 (1998) 云南鱼类多样性和面临的危机. 生物多样性, 6, 272-277.]
6 Chu XL, Chen YR (1989) The Fishes of Yunnan, China. Part 1. Cyprinidae. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[褚新洛, 陈银瑞 (1989) 云南鱼类志 (上册): 鲤科. 科学出版社, 北京.]
7 Darwall WRT, Smith KG, Lowe T, Vié JC (2005) The Status and Distribution of Freshwater Biodiversity in Eastern Africa. IUCN SSC Freshwater Biodiversity Assessment Programme, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
8 Darwall WRT, Smith KG, Tweddle D, Skelton P (2009) The Status and Distribution of Freshwater Biodiversity in Southern Africa. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Saiab, South Africa.
9 Dudgeon D, Arthington AH, Gessner MO, Kawabata ZI, Knowler DJ, Lévêque C, Naiman RJ, Prieur-Richard AH, Soto D, Stiassny MLJ, Sullivan CA (2006) Freshwater biodiversity: importance, threats, status and conservation challenges. Biological Reviews, 81, 163-182.
10 Eschmeyer WN, Fong JD (2014) Species of fishes by family/subfamily.
11 Freyhof J, Brooks E (2011) European Red List of Freshwater Fishes. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.
12 Freyhof J, Kottelat M (2008) Stenodus nelma. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, Version 2015.2.
13 Gao SB, Tang HY, Chen S, Yang Z, Dong FY (2015) Effects of the first phase of Jinsha River Hydropower Project on fish recruitment: early life history stage of Coreius guichenoti in the upper Yangtze River. Journal of Hydroecology, 36(2), 6-10. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[高少波, 唐会元, 陈胜, 杨志, 董方勇 (2015) 金沙江一期工程对保护区圆口铜鱼早期资源补充的影响. 水生态学杂志, 36(2), 6-10.]
14 Gao X (2007) Conservation Biology of Rare and Endemic Fishes of the Yangtze River. PhD dissertation, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[高欣 (2007) 长江珍稀及特有鱼类保护生物学研究. 博士学位论文, 中国科学院水生生物研究所, 武汉.]
15 García N, Abdul MD, Kraïem M, Samraoui B, Azeroual A, Cuttelod A, Reda FM, Yahyaoui A, Melhaoui M (2010)The status and distribution of freshwater fish. In: Status and Distribution of Freshwater Biodiversity in Northern Africa (eds García N, Cuttelod A, Abdul MD), pp. 13-28. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, Cambridge, UK, and Malaga, Spain.
16 Guo Y (2012)Fish Fauna of Xinjiang. Xinjiang Science and Technology Press, Urumqi. (in Chinese)
[郭焱 (2012)新疆鱼类志. 新疆科学技术出版社, 乌鲁木齐.]
17 IUCN (2015) The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, Version2015-4. .
18 Jiang H, Wang LQ, Guan YL, Hu W, Pan TS, She L (2009) Resources investigation of Yangtze River reeves shad and cause analysis of being endangered. Journal of Hydroecology, 2(4), 140-142. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[江河, 汪留全, 管远亮, 胡王, 潘庭双, 佘磊 (2009) 长江鲥鱼资源调查及濒危原因分析. 水生态学杂志, 2(4), 140-142.]
19 Kong DP, Chen XY, Yang JX (2006) Fish fauna status in the Lugu Lake with preliminary analysis on cause and effect of human impacts. Zoological Research, 27, 94-97.
20 Lakra WS, Sarkar UK, Gopalakrishnan A, Kathirvelpandian A (2010) Threatened Freshwater Fishes of India. NBGFR Publication, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
21 Laleye P, Entsua-Mensah M (2009) Freshwater fishes of western Africa. In: The Status and Distribution of Freshwater Biodiversity in Western Africa (eds Smith KG, Diop MD, Niana M, Darwall WRT), pp. 20-32. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
22 Li SC, Tai TY, Chang SY, Ma KC, Ho CW, Kao ST (1966) Notes on a collection of fishes from North Sinkiang, China. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 18, 41-56. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[李思忠, 戴定远, 张世义, 马桂珍, 何振威, 高顺典 (1966) 新疆北部鱼类的调查研究. 动物学报, 18, 41-56.]
23 Li ZY, Chen YR, Yang JX (2003) Biology of Anabarilius graham (Regan) and the analysis of causes for its population depletion. Freshwater Fisheries, 33(1), 26-27. (in Chinese)
[李再云, 陈银瑞, 杨君兴 (2003) 鱇浪白鱼的生物学及其种群衰减原因分析. 淡水渔业, 33(1), 26-27.]
24 Liu SP, Chen DQ, Duan XB, Qiu SL, Wang LM (2002) The resources status quo and protection strategies on Chinese shad. Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica, 26, 679-684. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[刘绍平, 陈大庆, 段辛斌, 邱顺林, 王利民 (2002) 中国鲥鱼资源现状与保护对策. 水生生物学报, 26, 679-684.]
25 Ocock J, Baasanjav G, Baillie JEM, Erbenebat M, Kottelat M, Mendsaikhan B, Smith K (2006) Mongolian Red List of Fishes. Zoological Society of London, London, UK. (in English and Mongolian)
26 Sala OE, Chapin FS, Armesto JJ, Berlow E, Bloomfield J, Dirzo R, Huber-Sanwald E, Huenneke LF, Jackson RB, Kinzig A, Leemans R, Lodge DM, Mooney HA, Oesterheld M, Poff NL, Sykes MT, Walker BH, Walker M, Wall DH (2000) Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. Science, 287, 1770-1774.
27 Snoeks J, Harrison IJ, Stiassny MLJ (2008) The status and distribution of freshwater fishes. In: The Diversity of Life in African Freshwaters: Under Water, Under Threat. An Analysis of the Status and Distribution of Freshwater Species Throughout Mainland Africa (eds Darwall WRT, Smith KG, Allen DJ, Holland RA, Harrison IJ, Brooks EGE). IUCN, Cambridge, United Kingdom and Gland, Switzerland.
28 Sun ZW, Ren SJ, Zhang E (2013) Liobagrus chenghaiensis, a new species of catfish (Siluriformes: Amblycipitidae) from Yunnan, South China. Ichthyological Exploitation of Freshwaters, 23, 275-384.
29 Tang HY, Yang Z, Gao SB, Chen JS, Zhang YC, Wan L, Qiao Y (2012) Status of fish resources of early life history stages of Coreius guichenoti in the middle reaches of the Jinsha River. Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 31, 416-425. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[唐会元, 杨志, 高少波, 陈金生, 张轶超, 万力, 乔晔 (2012) 金沙江中游圆口铜鱼早期资源现状. 四川动物, 31, 416-425.]
30 Tang WJ, Shen ZX, Jian SL (2006) List and conservation strategies of endangered fish of Huang River in Qinghai Province. Reservoir Fisheries, 26(1), 57-60. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[唐文家, 申志新, 简生龙 (2006) 青海省黄河珍稀濒危鱼类及保护对策. 水利渔业, 26(1), 57-60.]
31 UNEP (2010) Year Book 2010: New Science and Development in our Changing Environment. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Kenya.
32 Wang S, Xie Y (2009) China Species Red List, Vol. 2, Vertebrates (Part 1). Higher Education Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[汪松, 解焱 (2009) 中国物种红色名录(第二卷): 脊椎动物(上册). 高等教育出版社, 北京.]
33 Yang JX (1996) The alien and indigenous fishes of Yunnan: a study on impact ways, degrees and relevant issues. In: Conserving China’s Biodiversity (II) (eds Wang S, Xie BD, Xie Y), pp. 129-138. China Environmental Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[杨君兴 (1996) 云南的外来鱼类和土著鱼类: 影响的方式和程度及相关问题研究. 见: 保护中国的生物多样性(二) (汪松, 谢彼德, 解焱主编), 129-138. 中国环境科学出版社, 北京.]
34 Yang YL, Wen YL, Li CP, Tan Y, Deng HJ (2010) Impact of power station of Dadu River on fishes and solution. Sichuan Environment, 29, 65-70. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[杨育林, 文勇立, 李昌平, 谭勇, 邓虎军 (2010) 大渡河流域电站建设对保护鱼类的影响及对策措施研究. 四川环境, 29, 65-70.]
35 Yue PQ, Chen YY (1998) China Red Data Book of Endangered Animals: Pisces. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[乐佩琦, 陈宜瑜 (1998) 中国濒危动物红皮书: 鱼类. 科学出版社, 北京.]
36 Zhou W (2000) A preliminary study on endangerment mechanism of freshwater fish species in wetland ecosystem of Yunnan. Chinese Biodiversity, 8, 163-168. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[周伟 (2000) 云南湿地生态系统鱼类物种濒危机制初探. 生物多样性, 8, 163-168.]
[1] 刘冬梅, 蔡蕾, 王科, 李俊生, 魏铁铮, 姚一建. 中国野生大型真菌受威胁程度评估、问题和对策[J]. 生物多样性, 2018, 26(11): 1236-1242.
[2] 覃海宁, 赵莉娜, 于胜祥, 刘慧圆, 刘博, 夏念和, 彭华, 李振宇, 张志翔, 何兴金, 尹林克, 林余霖, 刘全儒, 侯元同, 刘演, 刘启新, 曹伟, 李建强, 陈世龙, 金效华, 高天刚, 陈文俐, 马海英, 耿玉英, 金孝锋, 常朝阳, 蒋宏, 蔡蕾, 臧春鑫, 武建勇, 叶建飞, 赖阳均, 刘冰, 林秦文, 薛纳新. 中国被子植物濒危等级的评估[J]. 生物多样性, 2017, 25(7): 745-757.
[3] 杨永, 刘冰, Dennis M. Njenga. 中国裸子植物物种濒危和保育现状[J]. 生物多样性, 2017, 25(7): 758-764.
[4] 何强, 贾渝. 中国苔藓植物濒危等级的评估原则和评估结果[J]. 生物多样性, 2017, 25(7): 774-780.
[5] 董仕勇, 左政裕, 严岳鸿, 向建英. 中国石松类和蕨类植物的红色名录评估[J]. 生物多样性, 2017, 25(7): 765-773.
[6] 商辉, 严岳鸿. 自然杂交与生物多样性保护[J]. 生物多样性, 2017, 25(6): 683-688.
[7] 谭剑波, 李爱农, 雷光斌, 陈国科, 马克平. IUCN生态系统红色名录研究进展[J]. 生物多样性, 2017, 25(5): 453-463.
[8] 蒋志刚, 李立立, 罗振华, 汤宋华, 李春旺, 胡慧建, 马勇, 吴毅, 王应祥, 周开亚, 刘少英, 冯祚建, 蔡蕾, 臧春鑫, 曾岩, 孟智斌, 平晓鸽, 方红霞. 通过红色名录评估研究中国哺乳动物受威胁现状及其原因[J]. 生物多样性, 2016, 24(5): 552-567.
[9] 张雁云, 张正旺, 董路, 丁平, 丁长青, 马志军, 郑光美. 中国鸟类红色名录评估[J]. 生物多样性, 2016, 24(5): 568-577.
[10] 江建平, 谢锋, 臧春鑫, 蔡蕾, 李成, 王斌, 李家堂, 王杰, 胡军华, 王燕, 刘炯宇. 中国两栖动物受威胁现状评估[J]. 生物多样性, 2016, 24(5): 588-597.
[11] 臧春鑫, 蔡蕾, 李佳琦, 吴晓莆, 李晓光, 李俊生. 《中国生物多样性红色名录》的制定 及其对生物多样性保护的意义[J]. 生物多样性, 2016, 24(5): 610-614.
[12] 蒋志刚, 罗振华. 物种受威胁状况评估: 研究进展与中国的案例[J]. 生物多样性, 2012, 20(5): 612-622.
[13] 张殷波, 苑虎, 喻梅. 国家重点保护野生植物受威胁等级的评估[J]. 生物多样性, 2011, 19(1): 57-62.
[14] 陈元君, 陈建伟, 雷霆. 中国-日本濒危种子植物对比研究[J]. 生物多样性, 2008, 16(3): 255-262.
[15] 周彬, 王春玲, 蒋宏, 覃海宁. 对IUCN红色名录等级中“Vulnerable”一词翻译的商榷[J]. 生物多样性, 2007, 15(1): 107-108.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed