生物多样性 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (1): 12-.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015190

• • 上一篇    下一篇

中国入侵克隆植物入侵性、克隆方式及地理起源

王宁*(), 李卫芳, 周兵, 闫小红   

  1. 井冈山大学生命科学学院, 江西吉安 343009
  • 出版日期:2016-01-20
  • 通讯作者: 王宁 E-mail:wangning13@126.com

Invasiveness, clonal form and geographical origin of invasive clonal plant species in China

Ning Wang*(), Weifang Li, Bing Zhou, Xiaohong Yan   

  1. School of Life Sciences, Jinggangshan University, Ji’an, Jiangxi 343009
  • Online:2016-01-20
  • Contact: Wang Ning E-mail:wangning13@126.com

通过查阅和整理相关文献资料, 分析了中国入侵克隆植物的入侵性、克隆方式及地理起源等。目前, 在中国的515种入侵植物中, 克隆植物至少有196种, 占总数的38.1%。这些入侵克隆植物隶属46科, 其中禾本科、菊科和豆科植物占多数, 以人为有意引入为主。在入侵危害等级1-5中, 属于第5等级(有待观察类)的克隆植物占多数。卡方分析表明, 中国入侵植物的危害等级与其是否具有克隆性关系不显著, 但显著依赖于其是否具有根状茎。多年生和1-2年生草本植物构成中国入侵克隆植物的主体, 分蘖型、匍匐茎型和根茎型等繁殖方式在草本类入侵植物中较为常见。多数入侵克隆植物地理起源上来自美洲地区。这些结果表明, 在我国今后引种活动中需要格外警惕根状茎型克隆植物以及美洲起源的克隆植物。此外, 由于现有文献资料有待完善, 入侵克隆植物的数量和比例可能被低估。因此, 在今后工作中应加强入侵植物的野外生长观测, 进而确切判定中国入侵克隆植物的数量和比例。

关键词: 入侵植物, 克隆性, 克隆繁殖, 生长型, 地理起源

The invasiveness, clonal form and geographical origin of invasive clonal plant species in China were analyzed based on some literature reviews. Of the 515 invasive plant species in China, at least 196 (38.1%) were clonal plant species. These invasive clonal plant species belong to 46 families, and most of them are from Gramineae, Asteraceae and Leguminosae. The majority of the invasive clonal plant species were introduced intentionally by human activity. In the 1-5 invasiveness ranks, most invasive clonal plant species belong to the rank 5 (i.e. species requiring further observation). Chi-square tests showed that species invasiveness ranks did not significantly depend on the presence/absence of clonality, but that they significantly depended on the presence/absence of rhizomes. Perennial and annual herbs accounted for the majority of the 196 invasive clonal plant species. Many invasive clonal herbs reproduce asexually by tillers, stolons or rhizomes. The primary geographical origin of these invasive clonal plant species was America. The results suggest that in future attention should be paid when rhizomatous clonal plant species or clonal plant species from America are introduced. However, our methods may have underestimated the number and proportion of invasive clonal plant species because of limited information about modes of reproduction in the literature. Thus, fieldwork should be conducted to check the clonality of each species to accurately analyze the number and proportion of invasive clonal plant species in China in future.

Key words: invasive plant species, clonality, clonal reproduction, growth form, geographical origin

图1

入侵克隆植物所属科的物种数量分布"

表1

不同入侵性等级和克隆方式下中国入侵植物种数"

等级
Rank
入侵植物种数
No. of invasive plants
克隆植物种数 No. of clonal plant species
总数
Total
根状茎
Rhizome
匍匐茎
Stolon
分蘖
Tiller
其他
Others
1 34 16 7 5 3 9
2 69 24 1 5 7 12
3 85 33 6 5 7 24
4 80 33 13 6 9 16
5 247 90 23 10 19 50
合计 Total 515 196 50 31 45 111

表2

不同生长型和克隆方式下中国入侵克隆植物种数"

生长型
Growth form
总数
Total
根状茎
Rhizome
匍匐茎
Stolon
分蘖
Tiller
其他
Others
1-2年生草本
Annual or biennial herb
39 2 6 18 15
多年生草本
Perennial herb
119 46 19 26 63
水生草本
Aquatic herb
14 1 4 1 10
藤本 Vine 10 1 2 0 9
灌木 Shrub 10 0 0 0 10
乔木 Tree 4 0 0 0 4
合计 Total 196 50 31 45 111

表3

不同入侵性等级和地理起源下中国入侵克隆植物种数"

等级
Rank
美洲
America
欧洲
Europe
亚洲
Asia
非洲
Africa
大洋洲
Australia
不详
Unclear
1 14 2 1 0 0 0
2 15 7 2 4 0 0
3 18 6 2 7 1 0
4 11 16 10 5 0 1
5 50 24 14 17 1 1
合计 Total 108 55 29 33 2 2
1 Callaway RM, Maron JL (2006) What have exotic plant invasions taught us over the past 20 years? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 21, 369-374.
2 Callaway RM, Miao SL, Guo Q (2006) Are trans-Pacific invasions the new wave? Biological Invasions, 8, 1435-1437.
3 Dong BC, Alpert P, Guo W, Yu FH (2012) Effects of fragmentation on the survival and growth of the invasive, clonal plant Alternanthera philoxeroides. Biological Invasions, 14, 1101-1110.
4 Dong M (2011) Clonal Plant Ecology. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[董鸣 (2011) 克隆植物生态学. 科学出版社, 北京.]
5 Dong M, Yu FH, An SQ, He WM, Liang SC (2007) Ecological consequences of plant clonality. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 31, 549-551. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[董鸣, 于飞海, 安树青, 何维明, 梁士楚 (2007) 植物克隆性的生态学意义. 植物生态学报, 31, 549-551.]
6 Feng JM, Dong XD, Xu CD, Zha FS (2011) Risk assessment of alien invasive plants in China and its spatial distribution pattern. Journal of Southwest University (Natural Science Edition), 33(2), 57-63. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[冯建孟, 董晓东, 徐成东, 查凤书 (2011) 中国外来入侵植物的风险评价及空间分布格局. 西南大学学报(自然科学版), 33(2), 57-63.]
7 Hou YP, Liu L, Chu H, Ma SJ, Zhao D, Liang RR (2015) Effect of exotic plant Rhus typhina invasion on soil properties in different forest types. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 35, 5324-5330. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[侯玉平, 柳林, 初航, 马淑杰, 赵丹, 梁荣荣 (2015) 外来植物火炬树(Rhus typhina)入侵对不同林型土壤性质的影响. 生态学报, 35, 5324-5330.]
8 Jenkins PT, Mooney HA (2006) The United States, China, and invasive species: present status and future prospects. Biological Invasions, 8, 1589-1593.
9 Li B, Xu BS, Chen JK (2001) Perspectives on general trends of plant invasions with special reference to alien weed flora of Shanghai. Biodiversity Science, 9, 446-457. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[李博, 徐炳声, 陈家宽 (2001) 从上海外来杂草区系剖析植物入侵的一般特征. 生物多样性, 9, 446-457.]
10 Liu J, Dong M, Miao SL, Li ZY, Song MH, Wang RQ (2006) Invasive alien plants in China: role of clonality and geographical origin. Biological Invasions, 8, 1461-1470.
11 Liu J, Li JM, Yu H, He WM, Yu FH, Sang WG, Liu GF, Dong M (2010) The relationship between functional traits and invasiveness of alien plants. Biodiversity Science, 18, 569-576. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[刘建, 李钧敏, 余华, 何维明, 于飞海, 桑卫国, 刘国方, 董鸣 (2010) 植物功能性状与外来植物入侵. 生物多样性, 18, 569-576.]
12 Luo H, Wang N, Zhao YJ, Zhou B (2015) Species of invasive edible plants in China and their edibility assessment. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 34, 1886-1891. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[罗辉, 王宁, 赵雅洁, 周兵 (2015) 中国可食性入侵植物的种类及其食用价值等级评价. 生态学杂志, 34, 1886-1891.]
13 Ma JS (2013) The Checklist of the Chinese Invasive Plants. Higher Education Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[马金双 (2013) 中国入侵植物名录. 高等教育出版社, 北京.]
14 Pan XY, Geng YP, Zhang WJ, Li B, Chen JK (2006) Cover shift and morphological plasticity of invasive Alternanthera philoxeroides along a riparian zone in South China. Journal of Plant Ecology (Chinese Version), 30, 835-843. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[潘晓云, 耿宇鹏, 张文驹, 李博, 陈家宽 (2006) 喜旱莲子草沿河岸带不同生境的盖度变化及形态可塑性. 植物生态学报, 30, 835-843.]
15 Peng SL, Xiang YC (1999) The invasion of exotic plants and effects of ecosystems. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 19, 560-568. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[彭少麟, 向言词 (1999) 植物外来种入侵及其对生态系统的影响. 生态学报, 19, 560-568.]
16 Pimentel D, Lach L, Zuniga R, Morrison D (2000) Enviro- nmental and economic costs of nonindigenous species in the United States. BioScience, 50, 53-65.
17 Pimentel D, McNair S, Janecka J, Wightman J, Simmonds C, O’Connell C, Wong E, Russel L, Zern J, Aquino T, Tsomondo T (2001) Economic and environmental thr-eats of alien plant, animal and microbe invasions. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 84, 1-20.
18 Pyšek P (1997) Clonality and plant invasion: can a trait make a difference? In: The Ecology and Evolution of Clonal Plants (eds de Kroon H, van Goenendael J), pp. 405-427. Backhuys Publishers, Leidon.
19 Pyšek P, Brock JH, Bímová K, Mandák B, Jarošík V, Koukolíková I, Pergl J, Štěpánek J (2003) Vegetative regeneration in invasive Reynoutria (Polygonaceae) taxa: the determinant of invasibility at the genotype level. American Journal of Botany, 90, 1487-1495.
20 Pyšek P, Jarošík V, Hulme PE, Pergl J, Hejda M, Schaffner U, Vilà M (2012) A global assessment of invasive plant impacts on resident species, communities and ecosystems: the interaction of impact measures, invading species’ traits and environment. Global Change Biology, 18, 1725-1737.
21 Qiang S, Cao XZ (2000) Survey and analysis of exotic weeds in China. Journal of Plant Resources and Environment, 9(4), 34-38. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[强胜, 曹学章 (2000) 中国异域杂草的考察与分析. 植物资源与环境学报, 9(4), 34-38.]
22 Richardson DM, Pyšek P, Rejmánek M, Barbour MG, Panetta FD, West CJ (2000) Naturalization and invasion of alien plants: concepts and definitions. Diversity and Distributions, 6, 93-107.
23 Roiloa SR, Rodriguez-Echeverria S, Freitas H (2014) Effect of physiological integration in self/non-self genotype r- ecognition in the clonal invader Carpobrotus edulis. Journal of Plant Ecology, 7, 413-418.
24 Song MH (2002) Distribution of Clonal Plants and Relation of Their Importance to Environment Factors and Species Diversity. PhD dissertation, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[宋明华 (2002) 克隆植物的分布及其与环境和生物多样性的关系. 博士学位论文, 中国科学院植物研究所, 北京.]
25 Song YB, Yu FH, Keser HL, Dawson W, Fischer M, Dong M, van Kleunen M (2013a) United we stand, divided we fall: a meta-analysis of experiments on clonal integration and its relationship to invasiveness. Oecologia, 171, 317-327.
26 Song YB, Yu FH, Li JM, Keser LH, Fischer M, Dong M, van Kleunen M (2013b) Plant invasiveness is not linked to the capacity of regeneration from small fragments: an experimental test with 39 stoloniferous species. Biological Invasions, 15, 1367-1376.
27 State Environmental Protection Administration of China (2003) The List of the First Group of Alien Invasive Species of China.
[国家环境保护总局 (2003) 中国第一批外来入侵物种名单. (获取日期 2015-06-20]
28 van Kleunen, Dawson W, Maurel N (2015) Characteristics of successful alien plants. Molecular Ecology, 24, 1954-1968.
29 Wan FH, Guo JY, Zhang F (2009) Research on Biological Invasions in China. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chiness)
[万方浩, 郭建英, 张峰 (2009) 中国生物入侵研究. 科学出版社, 北京.]
30 Wan FH, Liu QR, Xie M (2012) Biological Invasive: Color Illustrations of Invasive Alien Plants in China. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chiness)
[万方浩, 刘全儒, 谢明 (2012) 生物入侵: 中国外来入侵植物图鉴. 科学出版社, 北京.]
31 Wang N (2010) Study on the invasiveness and clonality of invasive alien plant in Jiangxi Province. Journal of Jinggangshan University (Natural Science Edition), 31(2), 108-112. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[王宁 (2010) 江西省外来入侵植物入侵性与克隆性研究. 井冈山大学学报(自然科学版), 31(2), 108-112.]
32 Wang N (2011) Invasiveness, clonality and geographic origin of alien invasive plant in North Carolina of America. Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University (Natural Science Edition), 30, 465-469. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[王宁 (2011) 美国北卡罗来纳州外来入侵植物入侵性、克隆性及地理起源研究. 华中农业大学学报(自然科学版), 30, 465-469.]
33 Wang N, Du L, Zhou B, Yan XH (2013) Species, origins and risk assessment of alien invasive ornamental plants in China. Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University (Natural Science Edition), 32, 28-32. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[王宁, 杜丽, 周兵, 闫小红 (2013) 中国外来观赏入侵植物的种类与来源及其风险评价. 华中农业大学学报(自然科学版), 32, 28-32.]
34 Wang N, Yu FH, Li PX, He WM, Liu FH, Liu JM, Dong M (2008) Clonal integration affects growth, photosynthetic efficiency and biomass allocation, but not the competitive ability, of the alien invasive Alternanthera philoxeroides under severe stress. Annals of Botany, 101, 671-678.
35 Wang N, Yu FH, Li PX, He WM, Liu J, Yu GL, Song YB, Dong M (2009) Clonal integration supports the expansion from terrestrial to aquatic environments of the amphibious stoloniferous herb Alternanthera philoxeroides. Plant Biology, 11, 483-489.
36 Wang Q, An SQ, Ma ZJ, Zhao B, Chen JK, Li B (2006) Invasive Spartina alterniflora: biology, ecology and management. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 44, 559-588. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[王卿, 安树青, 马志军, 赵斌, 陈家宽, 李博 (2006) 入侵植物互花米草——生物学、生态学及管理. 植物分类学报, 44, 559-588.]
37 Weber E, Li B (2008) Plant invasions in China: what is to be expected in the wake of economic development? BioScience, 58, 437-444.
38 Wu XW, Luo J, Chen JK, Li B (2006) Spatial patterns of invasive alien plants in China and its relationship with environmental and anthropological factors. Journal of Plant Ecology (Chinese Version), 30, 576-584. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[吴晓雯, 罗晶, 陈家宽, 李博 (2006) 中国外来入侵植物的分布格局及其与环境因子和人类活动的关系. 植物生态学报, 30, 576-584]
39 Xiao YJ, Wang N, Zhou B, Yan XH (2014) Invasiveness, clonality and habitat of alien invasive plant in Virginia of America. Journal of Jinggangshan University (Natural Science Edition), 35(1), 103-106. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[肖赟君, 王宁, 周兵, 闫小红 (2014) 美国弗吉尼亚州入侵植物入侵性、克隆性和分布生境研究. 井冈山大学学报(自然科学版), 35(1), 103-106.]
40 Xu HG, Qiang S (2011) Chinese Invasive Alien Species. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chiness)
[徐海根, 强胜 (2011) 中国外来入侵生物. 科学出版社, 北京.]
41 Yan XL, Liu QR, Shou HY, Zeng XF, Zhang Y, Chen L, Liu Y, Ma HY, Qi SY, Ma JS (2014) The categorization and analysis on the geographic distribution patterns of Chinese alien invasive plants. Biodiversity Science, 22, 667-676. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[闫小玲, 刘全儒, 寿海洋, 曾宪锋, 张勇, 陈丽, 刘演, 马海英, 齐淑艳, 马金双 (2014) 中国外来入侵植物的等级划分与地理分布格局分析. 生物多样性, 22, 667-676.]
42 Yan XL, Shou HY, Ma JS (2012) The problem and status of the alien invasive plants in China. Plant Diversity and Resources, 34, 287-313. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[闫小玲, 寿海洋, 马金双 (2012) 中国外来入侵植物研究现状及存在的问题. 植物分类与资源学报, 34, 287-313.]
43 Yu FH (2002) Adaptive Strategies of Clonal Plants Growing in Heterogeneous Environments. PhD dissertation, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[于飞海 (2002) 克隆植物对异质性环境的生态适应对策. 博士学位论文, 中国科学院植物研究所, 北京.]
44 Yu FH, Wang N, Alpert, P, He WM, Dong M (2009) Physiological integration in an introduced, invasive plant increases its spread into experimental communities and modifies their structure. American Journal of Botany, 96, 1983-1989.
45 Zeng JJ, Xiao YA, Sun M (2010) Reproductive traits associated with invasiveness in Coreopsis lanceolata. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 34, 966-972. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[曾建军, 肖宜安, 孙敏 (2010) 入侵植物剑叶金鸡菊的繁殖特征及其与入侵性之间的关系. 植物生态学报, 34, 966-972.]
46 Zeng JJ, Xiao YA, Zhou XJ (2012) Clonal reproductive property and community characteristic of invasive species Coreopsis lanceolata. Bulletin of Botanical Research, 32, 147-150. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[曾建军, 肖宜安, 周小军 (2012) 入侵植物剑叶金鸡菊克隆繁殖特性及群落特征. 植物研究, 32, 147-150.]
[1] 闫雅楠, 叶小齐, 吴明, 闫明, 张昕丽. (2019) 入侵植物加拿大一枝黄花根际解钾菌多样性及解钾活性. 植物生态学报, 43(6): 543-556.
[2] 土艳丽,王力平,王喜龙,王林林,段元文. (2019) 利用昆虫携带的花粉初探西藏入侵植物印加孔雀草在当地传粉网络中的地位. 生物多样性, 27(3): 306-313.
[3] 孙晶琦, 陈泉, 李航宇, 常艳芬, 巩合德, 宋亮, 卢华正. (2019) 附生蕨类植物的克隆性研究进展. 生物多样性, 27(11): 1184-1195.
[4] 薛晨阳, 许玉凤, 曲波. (2018) 不同氮水平下瘤突苍耳、苍耳及其杂交种形态、光合及生长特征比较. 生物多样性, 26(6): 554-563.
[5] 孙士国, 卢斌, 卢新民, 黄双全. (2018) 入侵植物的繁殖策略以及对本土植物繁殖的影响. 生物多样性, 26(5): 457-467.
[6] 钟巧连,刘立斌,许鑫,杨勇,郭银明,许海洋,蔡先立,倪健. (2018) 黔中喀斯特木本植物功能性状变异及其适应策略. 植物生态学报, 42(5): 562-572.
[7] 陈宏, 冼晓青, 邱荣洲, 池美香, 赵健. (2018) 基于GIS的外来入侵植物调查规划与外业实施. 生物多样性, 26(1): 44-52.
[8] 郭志文, 郑景明. (2017) 用植物生活史性状预测种子扩散方式. 生物多样性, 25(9): 966-971.
[9] 朱华. (2017) 探讨海南岛生物地理起源上有意义的一些种子植物科和属. 生物多样性, 25(8): 816-822.
[10] 李道新, 李果, 沈泽昊, 徐慎东, 韩庆瑜, 王功芳, 田风雷. (2017) 植物生长型显著影响三峡大老岭地区木本植物种子质量的海拔格局. 植物生态学报, 41(5): 539-548.
[11] 古春凤, 叶小齐, 吴明, 邵学新, 焦盛武. (2017) 草甘膦对加拿大一枝黄花和伴生植物白茅种间竞争关系的影响. 植物生态学报, 41(4): 439-449.
[12] 付伟, 王宁, 庞芳, 黄玉龙, 吴俊, 祁珊珊, 戴志聪, 杜道林. (2017) 土壤微生物与植物入侵: 研究现状与展望. 生物多样性, 25(12): 1295-1302.
[13] 陈玉凯, 杨小波, 李东海, 龙文兴. (2016) 海南岛维管植物物种多样性的现状. 生物多样性, 24(8): 948-956.
[14] 彭扬, 彭培好, 李景吉. (2016) 模拟氮沉降对矢车菊属植物Centaurea stoebe种群生长和竞争能力的影响. 植物生态学报, 40(7): 679-685.
[15] 罗文启, 符少怀, 杨小波, 陈玉凯, 周威, 杨琦, 陶楚, 周文嵩. (2015) 海南岛入侵植物的分布特点及其对本地植物的影响. 植物生态学报, 39(5): 486-500.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed