Biodiv Sci ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (10): 22441.  DOI: 10.17520/biods.2022441

Special Issue: 传粉生物学 物种形成与系统进化 昆虫多样性与生态功能

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Application of genomics technology in biodiversity conservation research

Shanlin Liu, Na Qiu, Shuyi Zhang, Zhunan Zhao, Xin Zhou()   

  1. Department of Entomology, College of Plant Protection, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193
  • Received:2022-08-01 Accepted:2022-10-19 Online:2022-10-20 Published:2022-11-01
  • Contact: Xin Zhou


Background: Research techniques in molecular biology, cell biology, microbiology and genetics have been accelerated by rapid development of modern genomic technologies. These advances have rapidly evolved the field of biodiversity research, once a branch of natural history focusing on morphology, into an integrated life science. Modern biodiversity studies can now investigate and link element of ecological systems, the species within them, and their genetic diversity. DNA related technologies, among other omics techniques, have continued to develop and launch new sequencing platforms, leading to a reduction of DNA sequencing costs that has already outstripped Moore’s Law, which also facilitates a series of breakthroughs in the research fields of biodiversity.
Prospects: Here, we introduce emerging trends in DNA-based omics techniques applied in biodiversity research, including species-level genomics as well as genetic diversity and community-levels species diversity. The former includes genomes obtained based on single individuals and genetic diversity of focal populations in both spatial and temporal dimensions, while the latter includes molecular identification approaches, such as metabarcoding, eDNA, iDNA etc. These new methods can be applied in biodiversity estimation for various communities, as well as in monitoring and conservation of flagship species and interspecific interactions.

Key words: genomics, DNA sequencing, species diversity, DNA barcoding