生物多样性 ›› 2010, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (2): 150-155.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2010.155

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

分类多样性在大型底栖动物生态学方面的应用: 以黄海底栖动物为例

曲方圆, 于子山*()   

  1. 中国海洋大学海洋生命学院, 山东青岛 266003
  • 收稿日期:2009-06-30 接受日期:2009-11-11 出版日期:2010-03-20 发布日期:2010-03-20
  • 通讯作者: 于子山
  • 作者简介:*E-mail: yu_zishan@ouc.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家908专项: ST-02区块水体环境调查与研究;山东省908专项生物生态和化学调查

The application of taxonomic diversity in macrobenthic ecology: taking Yellow Sea for example

Qu Fangyuan, Yu Zishan*()   

  1. College of Marine Life Sciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong 266003
  • Received:2009-06-30 Accepted:2009-11-11 Online:2010-03-20 Published:2010-03-20
  • Contact: Yu Zishan

摘要:

根据文献资料, 系统整理了黄海大型底栖动物物种名录, 并得到了其平均分类差异指数和分类差异变异指数的理论平均值及95%置信区间漏斗图。结果表明, 黄海共有大型底栖动物1,360种, 分属于17门35纲91目368科842属。其平均分类差异指数的理论平均值为93.7, 分类差异变异指数为213.6。将已知受到中度扰动的胶州湾部分站位真实值叠加到平均分类差异指数的95%置信区间漏斗图中, 发现全部站位均显著低于95%置信区间, 显示了平均分类差异指数在海洋污染监测方面的良好应用前景。

关键词: 分类多样性, 大型底栖动物, 黄海

Abstract:

Using all available taxonomic data, we updated the master list of macrobenthos for the Yellow Sea, analyzed its taxonomic diversities and 95% probability funnels. There have been 1,360 species, belonging to 17 phyla, 35 classes, 91 orders, 368 families and 842 genera of macrobenthos recorded in the Yellow Sea. The value of average taxonomic distinctness for the region was 93.7, and the variation in taxonomic distinctness was 213.6. To explore the efficacy of these two diversity measures for environmental assessment, we superimposed estimates of these two values for some moderately polluted sites in Jiaozhou Bay on the 95% probability funnels, and all of the stations fell significantly below the 95% probability funnel of average taxonomic distinctness. This result shows the good application foregound of taxonomic diversity in marine pollution monitoring.

Key words: taxonomic diversity, macrobenthos, Yellow Sea