生物多样性 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (2): 247-258.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020392

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生物多样性国际发展援助作用、现状与中国行动思考: 基于CBD履约视角

陈曦*(), 王泺   

  1. 商务部国际贸易经济合作研究院, 北京 100710
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-09 接受日期:2021-01-19 出版日期:2021-02-20 发布日期:2021-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈曦
  • 作者简介:* E-mail: chenxi@caitec.org.cn
  • 基金资助:
    本研究得到世界自然基金会(WWF)支持

The role, status quo and China’s action of international development assistance for biodiversity: Based on the implementation of CBD

Xi Chen*(), Luo Wang   

  1. Chinese Academy of International Trade and Economic Cooperation, Beijing 100710
  • Received:2020-10-09 Accepted:2021-01-19 Online:2021-02-20 Published:2021-02-25
  • Contact: Xi Chen

摘要:

生物多样性国际发展援助是在全球范围达成《生物多样性公约》(Convention on Biological Diversity, CBD)目标和联合国可持续发展目标(Sustainable Development Goals, SDGs)的主要途径, 也是中国在全球范围践行习近平生态文明思想、参与国际环境治理、维护中国海外发展利益和构建良好国际形象的重要政策工具。当前中国生物多样性对外援助理论和实践尚处于起步阶段, 研究基于对全球生物多样性官方发展援助(Official Development Assistance, ODA)融资水平分析, 以及全球主要多边和双边生物多样性援助组织政策经验总结, 从援助融资、总体布局、重点实施三个层面提出中国生物多样性对外援助总体规划和行动建议, 以期为即将于2021年在云南举办的COP15大会上, 中国作为东道国提出未来十年全球生物多样性治理国际倡议和国家行动计划提供理论支持。

关键词: 生物多样性, 对外援助, 国际融资, 生物多样性公约, 爱知目标, 可持续发展目标, COP15

Abstract

Background and Important Implications: Biodiversity aid is the main way to achieve the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) goals and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It is also an important policy tool for China to export and practice Xi Jinping’s ecological civilization, participate in international environmental governance, safeguard China’s overseas development interests and build a good international image.
Current Financing Level: From the perspective of global biological diversity Official Development Assistance (ODA) financing level, the total funds has reached more than 130 billion US dollars by 2018. In recent years, the annual global biological diversity ODA have shown a trend of weak growth of multilateral financing and fluctuating growth of bilateral financing.
Current Policy Level: From the perspective of biodiversity assistance policy, the Executive Secretariat of CBD leads the global biodiversity strategy, IUCN focuses on in-depth assessment of National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans(NBSAP)implementation, and the United States, the European Union, France, Germany and Japan have also formulated clear biodiversity assistance policies.
Recommendations: As one of the richest biodiversity resources countries in the world, China is performing its biodiversity protection more effectively, and at the same time, it could also undertake a wider range of international biodiversity protection obligations through foreign aid, including raising the level of biodiversity foreign aid funds, formulating a systematic biodiversity foreign aid plan and strengthening its implementation.

Key words: biodiversity, foreign aid, international financing, CBD, Aichi Target, SDGs, COP15