生物多样性

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推进生物多样性跨境区域保护的中国实践

秦天宝, 袁昕   

  1. 武汉大学环境法研究所
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-19 修回日期:2020-08-28 出版日期:2020-09-29 发布日期:2020-09-29
  • 通讯作者: 秦天宝

China's Practice to Promote the Biodiversity Conservation in Transboundary Areas

Tianbao Qin*, Xin Yuan   

  1. Research Institute of Environment Law, Wuhan University
  • Received:2020-03-19 Revised:2020-08-28 Online:2020-09-29 Published:2020-09-29
  • Contact: Tianbao Qin

摘要: 生物多样性跨境区域保护作为《生物多样性公约》及“爱知目标”关注的重点内容,已成为国际社会环境共治的前沿领域。中国出于回应生态需求、履行《生物多样性公约》义务及坚持人类命运共同体理念的目的坚持生物多样性跨境区域保护探索,推进该领域国际规则体系的建构,形成多重层级合作共治的组织结构并产生联合执法、信息交流及合作管理的特色合作机制,并在实践中取得一定成效。生物多样性跨境区域保护的中国经验距离形成区域共识乃至全球方案仍有较大差距,其原因一方面碍于部分领国合作意愿不强、合作能力不足的外部制约因素,另一方面源于法律依据存在缺位、合作架构缺乏联系、合作范围太过狭窄的内部运行缺陷,须通过把握多方共同利益基础及帮助提升他国能力建设克服外部障碍,围绕补充法律规制体系、制定国家整体战略方案及扩充合作保护范围优化现有方案,以推进生物多样性跨境区域保护的中国实践的进一步发展。

关键词: 生物多样性公约, 爱知目标, 生物多样性, 跨境保护

Abstract: As the key content of the "Convention on Biological Diversity" and "Aichi Target", the protection of cross-border biodiversity areas has become a frontier field of environmental governance in the international society. For the purpose of responding to ecological needs, fulfilling the obligations of the Convention on Biological Diversity and adhering to the concept of a community with a shared future for mankind, China adheres to the exploration of cross-border regional protection of biodiversity, promotes the construction of international rule systems in this field, forms a multi-level cooperation governance organization structure and produce special cooperation mechanisms for joint law enforcement, information exchange, and cooperative management. These have achieved certain results in practice. It is still far away from forming a regional consensus or even a global resolution for China's experience in cross-border biodiversity conservation. First, it is due to the the external constraints such as unwillingness and insufficient capability of cooperation of some nations. Second, it is because of the internal operational defects such as the lack of legal basis, the lack of linkage in cooperation structure, and the narrow scope of coordination. It is essential to grasp the foundation of multiple parties’ interests and help other nations improve their capability to overcome external obstacles. Focus on supplementing the legal and regulatory system, formulating an overall national strategic plan, and expanding the scope of cooperative protection to optimize the existing plan, so as to promote the further development of China's practice of cross-border protection of biodiversity.

Key words: Convention on biological diversity, Aichi Targets, biodiversity, transboundary protection