生物多样性 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (1): 44-52.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2017314

• 方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于GIS的外来入侵植物调查规划与外业实施

陈宏1, 冼晓青2, 邱荣洲3, 池美香3, 赵健1*()   

  1. 1 福建省农业科学院数字农业研究所, 福州 350003
    2 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 北京 100193
    3 福建省农业科学院植物保护研究所, 福州 350012
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-26 接受日期:2018-01-18 出版日期:2018-01-20 发布日期:2018-05-05
  • 作者简介:# 共同第一作者
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2016YFC202105)和福建省科技重大专项(2017NZ0003-1)

Planning and conducting field surveys of invasive alien species based on GIS

Hong Chen1, Xiaoqing Xian2, Rongzhou Qiu3, Meixiang Chi3, Jian Zhao1,*()   

  1. 1 Institute of Digital Agriculture Research, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Fuzhou 350003
    2 Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193
    3 Institute of Plant Protection, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Fuzhou 350012
  • Received:2017-11-26 Accepted:2018-01-18 Online:2018-01-20 Published:2018-05-05
  • Contact: Zhao Jian
  • About author:# Co-first authors

摘要:

前期规划对外来入侵植物野外调查工作的顺利开展至关重要。本文将基于GIS的野外调查规划方法和入侵植物调查技术规范相结合, 利用地图资源丰富、分析功能强大的LocaSpace Viewer和奥维互动地图, 形成有针对性的野外调查规划方案。具体操作流程包括: (1)借助LocaSpace Viewer软件集成的高分辨率遥感数据和地理标注数据选取调查区域; (2)根据调查规范, 通过该软件的空间分析和地理要素编辑功能, 规划调查地理网格、调查点、样地、标准地和样方, 运用KML空间数据格式存储和分享调查规划信息; (3)在外业实施中使用移动版奥维互动地图软件的数据管理和导航功能实现调查规划信息的导入、定位和导航。通过在福建、广西和云南三省开展技术方法的实地应用与对比实验发现, 运用该方案的外业实施能够达到日平均调查6个样点, 采集调查数据80多条, 直线调查距离180 km, 调查点导航精度大于15 m。对比实验表明基于规划调查比未规划调查在时间利用效率上提高1倍, 工作效率得到显著提升。该方案为外来入侵植物的发生和危害等基础性调查工作提供了高效的技术支撑, 为生物多样性野外调查规划提供了参考方案。

关键词: GIS, 外来入侵植物, 调查规划, 外业实施, LocaSpace Viewer

Abstract:

Pre-planning plays a vital role in developing invasive alien plant surveys rapidly and conveniently in the field. This study combined survey technical standards of invasive alien plants and field survey planning methods based on GIS to develop a targeted field survey planning program. LocaSpace Viewer and Orvital maps, which provide rich map resources and powerful functions, were mainly applied. The detailed workflow was as follows: Firstly, the target areas for invasive alien plant field surveys were selected by integrating high-resolution remote sensing data and geographical annotation data in the LocaSpace Viewer; Secondly, according to standards of invasive alien plant field surveys, survey geographic grids, survey points, sample plots, standard-plots, and quadrats were established through the functions of spatial analysis and editing geographic elements in the LocaSpace Viewer, of which information were stored and shared in the KML format; Finally, positioning and navigation of survey points were implemented by Data Management and Navigation functions in the mobile terminal software of the Orvital map. Comparative experiments and applications of proposed technology and methodology have been carried out in Fujian, Guangxi, and Yunnan provinces. Results suggested that the developed technology and methods for planning invasive alien plant surveys and field operations based on GIS technology can help to fulfill surveys in 6 sample points and collect more than 80 records per day. The direct distance of daily invasive alien plant survey is approximately 180 km. The navigation accuracy of survey points is better than 15 m. Planning-based surveys have double the time utilization rate of unplanned surveys. The technical route presented in this study greatly contributes to improving the efficiency of invasive alien plant surveys and provides powerful technical support for invasive alien plant survey in the field and insight into biodiversity field surveying.

Key words: GIS, invasive alien plants, survey planning, field operation, LocaSpace Viewer