生物多样性 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (11): 1220-1226.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2016190

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中国草原/荒漠植物多样性监测网 模式植物群落监测方案

郭柯*(), 刘长成, 潘庆民   

  1. 中国科学院植物研究所植被与环境变化国家重点实验室, 北京 100093
  • 收稿日期:2016-07-13 接受日期:2016-11-22 出版日期:2016-11-20 发布日期:2016-12-14
  • 通讯作者: 郭柯
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技支撑计划(2015BAC02B00)和国家重点基础研究发展计划(2014CB138800)

Methods of observing typical plant communities in the Steppe and Desert Biodiversity Observation Network, Sino BON

Ke Guo*(), Changcheng Liu, Qingmin Pan   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
  • Received:2016-07-13 Accepted:2016-11-22 Online:2016-11-20 Published:2016-12-14
  • Contact: Guo Ke

摘要:

“模式群落”是指能够反映某种植被分类单元基本特征, 并可作为准确描述该植被类型“标准”的典型植物群落。中国生物多样性监测网络——草原/荒漠植物多样性监测网旨在统一监测方法和技术规范的基础上, 在草原/荒漠植被主要群系分布的典型地段建立模式植物群落监测固定样方, 定期复查, 长期监测草原和荒漠的植物多样性变化。文章强调了典型植物群落监测是生物多样性监测的重要组成部分, 阐述了模式群落的概念, 介绍了草原/荒漠植物多样性监测网的总体思路和布局, 以及主要监测内容、方法、指标和预期产出。

关键词: 模式植物群落, 生物多样性, 监测网络, 监测框架, 监测方法

Abstract:

A typical plant community that reflects the basic community characteristics of a vegetation classification unit can be designated as the standard for describing a distinct vegetation type. The Steppe and Desert Biodiversity Observation Network of Sino BON aims to establish a series of typical plant community plots for long-term biodiversity observations using standardized methods. This paper emphasizes the importance of plant community observations for the study of biodiversity, defines the concept of a typical plant community, and introduces a system of typical plant community observations including the framework, primary observations, methods, parameters, and predictable output.

Key words: typical plant community, biodiversity, observation network, observation framework, observation approach