Biodiversity Science ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (3): 260-268.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.09206

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Impacts of urbanization process on insect diversity

Shuisong Ye1, 2, Yan Fang1, Kai Li1, 2, *()   

  1. 1 School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062
    2 Shanghai Key Laboratory for Ecology of Urbanization Process and Eco-Restoration, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062
  • Received:2012-10-31 Accepted:2013-04-26 Online:2013-06-05
  • Li Kai E-mail:kaili@admin.ecnu.edu.cn

Rapid worldwide urbanization during the last century has led to more than half the world’s population living in urban regions. Studies of how urbanization affects insect diversity have focused on the following: insect abundance, distribution, extinction, food habits and ecosystem services. Native insect populations have declined greatly in urban areas, where studies of their spatial distribution have revealed that abundance decreases along what is termed the rural-city center gradient (RCG), many native insects even extinct with urbanization process. Most specialist insect communities have declined in abundance due to urbanization, while some generalist species, such as aphids, cockroaches and termites, have increased slightly in abundance. It is also the case that herbivorous, parasitic, saprophagous and flower-visiting insects are much more negatively influenced by urbanization than predator insects. This has a significant effect on the ecosystem services of insects. The decline of many insects due to urbanization can be attributed to environmental pollution (including air pollution, water pollution, light pollution, and heat pollution), habitat fragmentation, road hardening, clustering of buildings, and occurrence of introduced invasive species. As urbanization continues, measures should be taken to protect insects in urban areas. This will entail improving basic scientific research on the problem, construction of suitable habitats, and informing the general public of the benefits of environmental protection.

Key words: urbanization, insect diversity, pollution, habitat modification, fragmentation, biological invasion

Table 1

Impacts of different types of pollutions on insect diversity"

污染类型
Pollution type
主要污染物
Main pollutant
致污水平
Polluted level
主要受污类群
Main polluted taxon
主要文献
References
空气污染
Air pollution
SO2、O3 种群
Population
鳞翅目
Lepidoptera
Dohmen et al., 1984; Dohmen, 1985; Gate et al., 1995
热污染
Heat pollution
工厂废水余热
Afterheat of waste water from industries
种群
Population
双翅目、鳞翅目
Diptera and Lepidoptera
Cregg & Dix, 2001; Willmer & Unwin, 1981
水体污染
Water pollution
重金属、杀虫剂、除草剂
Heavy metal, pesticide, weedicide
种群、分子及基因层次
Population, molecule, and gene
蜉蝣目、蜻蜓目、广翅目等
Ephemeroptera, Odonata and Megaloptera
Harris et al., 1987; Jones & Clark, 1987
光污染
Light pollution
城市灯光
Urban lighting
种群
Population
鞘翅目、鳞翅目
Coleoptera and Lepidoptera
Longcore & Rich, 2004; Parendes & Jones, 2000
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