Biodiversity Science ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (1): 11-18.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.08107

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Macrobenthic fauna in the intertidal and offshore areas of Zhangzi Island

1, 2, Qingxi Han1, Baoquan Li1, *()   

  1. 1 Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai, Shandong 264003
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2012-04-24 Accepted:2012-06-16 Online:2013-02-04
  • Li Baoquan E-mail:bqli@yic.ac.cn

We completed a quantitative investigation of the macrobenthic community in the intertidal zone and offshore areas of Zhangzi Island in November 2011 to identify the distribution and potential anthropogenic impacts on this aquatic community. Four biodiversity indices, Bray-Curtis similarity, MDS ordination analyses, and ABC curves were used in the present work to analyze the community structure. We identified 39 total macrobenthic species in the intertidal zone of Maya Beach, of which the most dominant groups were the Polychaeta, followed by Crustacea, and Mollusca. We found four dominant species belonging to Polychaeta, including Capitella capitata, Lycastopsis augenari, Naineris laevigata, and Lumbrineris latreilli. Average biomass of the intertidal zone was 25.76 ± 41.08 g/m2, of which Mollusca contributed most. Average density was 315.11 ± 160.73 ind./m2, of which the Polychaeta contributed most. The average value of three biodiversity indices were relatively low (Richness index 1.17 ± 0.89, Evenness index 0.74 ± 0.17 and Shannon-Wiener index 1.80 ± 1.09). We identified 40 species in the offshore areas, of which the most dominant group was Polychaeta, followed by Crustacea, Mollusca and Echinodermata. We also identified five dominant species in offshore areas, including Ophiopholis mirabilis, Amphioplus japonicus, Lumbrineris latreilli, Echinocardium cordatum, and Ophiura sarsiivadicola. The average value of biomass and density was higher in the offshore areas compared to that of intertidal zone, with 218.86 ± 152.24 g/m2 and 700.00 ± 471.51 ind./m2, respectively. The average value of Richness index was 1.40 ± 0.60, Evenness index 0.64 ± 0.19 , and Shannon-Wiener index 2.04 ± 0.78. MDS ordination analysis showed that community structure was significantly different within the intertidal zone and the offshore areas. Lastly, the macrobenthos fauna in intertidal zone were impacted by a moderate anthropogenic disturbance, whereas the fauna in offshore areas was slightly disturbed.

Key words: macrobenthos, community structure, biodiversity, Zhangzi Island, Yellow Sea

Fig. 1

Locations of sampling stations in the intertidal and offshore areas of Zhangzi Island"

Fig. 2

Biomass and density of macrobenthos in the intertidal zone and offshore areas of Zhangzi Island. LT, Low tidal zone; MT, Middle tidal zone; HT, High tidal zone; S1, S2, S3, three sampling sites in offshore area."

Table 1

Diversity of macrobenthos at different section in the intertidal zone and offshore areas of Zhangzi Island"

断面
Section
种数
No. of species (S)
丰富度
Richness index (D)
均匀度指数
Evenness index (J)
Shannon-Wiener指数
Shannon-Wiener index (H')
潮间带 Intertidal zone
LT 13.00 ± 1.73 2.07 ± 0.23 0.71 ± 0.12 2.60 ± 0.36
MT 8.67 ± 4.04 1.27 ± 0.58 0.80 ± 0.09 2.34 ± 0.59
HT 1.67 ± 0.58 0.17 ± 0.17 0.70 ± 0.39 0.46 ± 0.49
均值 Average 7.78 ± 5.43 1.17 ± 0.89 0.74 ± 0.17 1.80 ± 1.09
近岸海区 Offshore area
S1 15.00 ± 2.00 2.04 ± 0.23 0.69 ± 0.06 2.67 ± 0.10
S2 7.00 ± 3.00 1.08 ± 0.59 0.71 ± 0.18 1.99 ± 0.94
S3 8.00 ± 2.65 1.08 ± 0.32 0.51 ± 0.26 1.45 ± 0.66
均值 Average 10.00 ± 4.39 1.40 ± 0.60 0.64 ± 0.19 2.04 ± 0.78

Fig. 3

Cluster and multi-dimensional scaling on macrobenthos community in the intertidal and offshore areas of Zhangzi Island. LT, Low tidal zone; MT, Middle tidal zone; HT, High tidal zone; S1, S2, S3, three sampling sites in offshore area."

Fig. 4

ABC plots of macrobenthos community in the intertidal and offshore areas of Zhangzi Island"

Appendix I

The species checklist of macrobenthos in Zhangzi Island"

物种
Species
潮间带
Intertidal zone
近岸海区
Offshore areas
多毛类 Polychaeta
锥稚虫 Aonides oxycephala + +
花索沙蚕 Arabella iricolor +
钩小蛇稚虫 Boccardiella hamata +
小头虫 Capitella capitata +
金毛丝鳃虫 Cirratulus chrysoderma +
丝鳃虫 C. cirratus +
须鳃虫 Cirriformia tentaculata + +
额刺裂虫 Ehlersia cornuta +
长双须虫 Eteone longa +
埃氏蛰龙介 Terebella ehrenbergi +
白色吻沙蚕 Glycera alba +
锥唇吻沙蚕 G. onomichiensis + +
角吻沙蚕属一种 Goniada sp. +
覆瓦哈鳞虫 Harmothoe imbricata +
丝异须虫 Heteromastus filiforms +
双唇索沙蚕 Lumbrineris cruzensis +
短叶索沙蚕 L. latreilli + +
长叶索沙蚕 L. longiforlia +
多美沙蚕 Lycastopsis augenari +
小健足虫 Micropodarke dubia +
仙居虫 Naineris laevigata + +
全刺沙蚕 Nectoneanthes oxypoda +
囊叶齿吻沙蚕 Nephtys caeca +
多鳃齿吻沙蚕 N. polybranchia +
珠角裸沙蚕 Nicon moniloceras +
蜈蚣欧努菲虫 Onuphis geophiliformis +
欧文虫 Owenia fusiformis +
独齿围沙蚕 Perinereis cultrifera +
多齿围沙蚕 P. nuntia +
乳突半突虫 Phyllodoce papillosa +
树蛰虫 Pista cristata +
双管阔沙蚕 Platynereis bicanaliculata +
杂色伪沙蚕 Pseudonereis variegata +
日本叉毛豆维虫 Schistomeringos japonica +
不倒翁虫 Sternaspis scutata +
多丝独毛虫 Tharyx multifilis +
模裂虫属一种 Typosyllis sp. +
软体动物 Mollusca
泥螺 Bullacta exarata +
单一丽口螺 Calliostoma unicum +
灰双齿蛤 Felaniella usta +
黄短口螺 Inquisitor flavidula +
朝鲜花冠小月螺 Lunella coronate coreensis +
异白樱蛤 Macoma incongrua +
浅黄白樱蛤 M. tokyoensis +
江户布目蛤 Protothaca jedoenses +
菲律宾蛤 Ruditapes philippinarum +
醒目云母蛤 Yoldia notabilis +
甲壳动物 Crustacea
窄异跳钩虾 Allorchestes angustus +
双眼钩虾属一种 Ampelisca sp. +
日本藻钩虾 Ampithoe japonica +
强壮藻钩虾 A. valida +
长尾虫属一种 Apseudes sp. +
河蜾蠃蜚 Corophium acherusicum +
日本褐虾 Crangon hakodatei +
塞切尔泥钩虾 Eriopisella sechellensis +
平背蜞 Gaetice depressus +
日本拟钩虾 Gammaropsis japonicus +
相似著名团水虱 Gnorimosphaeroma simillina +
肉球近方蟹 Hemigrapsus sanguineus +
施氏玻璃钩虾 Hyale schmidti +
长额超刺糠虾 Hyperacanthomysis longirostris +
马尔他钩虾属一种 Melita sp. +
独眼钩虾属一种 Monoculode sp. +
日本游泳水虱 Natatolana japonensis +
大寄居蟹 Pagurus ochotensis +
仿尖头钩虾属一种 Paraphoxus sp. + +
尖额钩虾属一种 Phoxocephalus sp. +
棘皮动物 Echinodermata
日本倍棘蛇尾 Amphioplus japonicus +
心形海胆 Echinocardium cordatum +
紫蛇尾 Ophiopholis mirabilis +
浅水萨氏真蛇尾 Ophiura sarsiivadicola +
其他 Others
纽虫动物一种 Nemertinea 1 + +
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