Biodiversity Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (7): 707-716.doi: 10.17520/biods.2018104

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Biodiversity of mangrove mollusks in the west coast of Hainan Island, China

Ma Wei1, Wang Mao1, *(), Wang Wenqing1, Liu Yi2, Luo Liuqing1, Tang Chaoyi1   

  1. 1 College of the Environment & Ecology, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361102
    2 Putian Green Sprout Coastal Wetlands Research Center, Putian, Fujian 351100
  • Received:2018-04-08 Accepted:2018-06-10 Online:2018-09-11
  • Wang Mao E-mail:wangmao@xmu.edu.cn

We aimed to understand the mollusk community in the mangrove wetlands of the west coast of Hainan Island. To do so, we explored the temporal and spatial variation in species composition, diversity and community structure of mollusks in six mangrove wetlands from 2015 to 2016. We identified a total of 201 mollusk species belonging to 57 families. The dominant species included Cerithidea cingulata, Assiminea latericea, Pinguitellina cycladiformis, and Sermyla riqueti. The average density and biomass of mollusks were 324.13 ind. /m² and 142.88 g/m², respectively. Observed density, biomass and species richness at west coast of Hainan Island were higher than values recorded in other mangrove wetlands located in the coast of Beibu Gulf. While species richness, density or biomass of mollusks did not vary seasonally, mollusk densities varied spatially in our study. Cluster analysis showed that mangrove wetlands differing in salinity, soil texture and mangrove communities had very dissimilar mollusk communities. The multivariate-AZTI marine biotic index (M-AMBI) value suggested that the mollusk communities of mangrove wetlands located in the west coast of Hainan Island were undisturbed. Although the benthic community was reasonably healthy, they were nevertheless negatively impacted by human activities and invasion of exotic plants. Given that mollusks are important for various bird species that migrate to Hainan Island, we recommend measures such as pollution control and in situ conservation to help preserve the biodiversity of mangrove mollusks in the west coast of Hainan Island.

Key words: mangrove, mollusk, west coast of Hainan Island, biodiversity, Beibu Gulf

Fig. 1

Survey area in the west coast of Hainan Island"

Table 1

Mangrove communities and environmental factors of research sites in the west coast of Hainan Island"

调查地点 Research sites 主要红树林群落
Main mangrove community
土壤质地 Soil texture 间隙水盐度
Salinity of interstitial water (‰)
东方市四必湾 Sibi Bay, Dongfang City 白骨壤群落 Avicennia marina community 粉砂质壤土 Silty loam 31.0
儋州市儋州湾
Danzhou Bay, Danzhou City
红海榄群落 Rhizophora stylosa community 砂质壤土 Sandy loam 21.0
白骨壤群落 Avicennia marina community
儋州市盐丁 Yanding, Danzhou City 红海榄群落 Rhizophora stylosa community 粉砂质粘壤土 Silty clay loam 27.4
临高县新盈湾
Xinying Bay, Lingao County
红海榄群落 Rhizophora stylosa community 砂质壤土 Sandy loam 25.5
白骨壤群落 Avicennia marina community
临高县马袅湾
Maniao Bay, Lingao County
桐花树群落 Aegiceras corniculatum community 壤土 Loam 13.2
澄迈县花场湾
Huachang Bay, Chengmai County
红海榄群落 Rhizophora stylosa community 砂质壤土 Sandy loam 15.7
桐花树群落 Aegiceras corniculatum community
白骨壤群落 Avicennia marina community

Fig. 2

Species number of mangrove mollusk in the west coast of Hainan Island"

Table 2

Values of dominance index of mangrove mollusks in the west coast of Hainan Island. Dominant species were marked with bold italic."

种类
Species
四必湾
Sibi Bay
儋州湾
Danzhou Bay
盐丁
Yanding
新盈湾
Xinying Bay
马袅湾
Maniao Bay
花场湾
Huachang Bay
雨季
Rainy
season
旱季
Dry
season
雨季
Rainy
season
旱季
Dry
season
雨季
Rainy
season
旱季
Dry
season
雨季
Rainy
season
旱季
Dry
season
雨季
Rainy
season
旱季
Dry
season
雨季
Rainy
season
旱季
Dry
season
团聚牡蛎
Saccostrea glomerata
0.006 0.000 - 0.002 0.114 0.002 0.005 0.003 - - 0.000 0.001
斯氏印澳蛤
Indoaustriella scarlatoi
- - 0.005 0.007 - - - - - - 0.040 0.032
台湾朽叶蛤
Coecella formaosae
- - - - - 0.063 - - - - - -
圆胖樱蛤
Pinguitellina cycladiformis
- - - - - 0.003 0.842 0.714 - - - 0.000
拟箱美丽蛤
Merisca capsoides
- - - - 0.050 0.003 0.061 0.001 - - - -
花蚬
Cyrenodonax formosana
- - - - - - - - 0.347 0.056 0.003 -
红树蚬 Geloina coaxans - - - 0.048 - - 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.007 0.050 0.020
豆彩螺 Clithon faba - - - - - 0.333 - - - 0.006 0.001 -
奥莱彩螺
Clithon oualaniensis
0.045 0.012 0.010 - - 0.003 - - 0.009 - - -
斜肋齿蜷 Sermyla riqueti - - 0.111 0.001 - - - - 0.267 0.713 0.455 0.349
短拟沼螺
Assiminea brevicula
0.058 0.014 0.065 - - - - 0.014 0.000 0.002 0.003 0.011
绯拟沼螺
Assiminea latericea
- 0.005 0.161 0.070 - - 0.001 0.167 0.000 0.052 0.001 0.009
古氏滩栖螺
Batillaria cumingii
- - - 0.024 - - - - - - - -
珠带拟蟹守螺
Cerithidea cingulata
0.480 0.320 0.066 0.215 - 0.005 0.003 - - - 0.277 0.113
尖锥拟蟹守螺
Cerithidea largillierti
0.025 - - - - - - - - - - -
小翼拟蟹守螺
Cerithidea microptera
0.003 0.098 0.017 - - 0.008 - - - - - -
桑切氏两栖螺
Salinator sanchezi
0.027 0.030 - - - - - - - - - -

Fig. 3

Density and biomass of mangrove mollusk in the west coast of Hainan Island"

Table 3

Results of two-way ANOVA on mangrove mollusk community parameters in the west coast of Hainan Island"

参数
Parameters
地点 Site 季节 Season 地点 × 季节
Site × Season
F P F P F P
平均密度 Average density 5.085 0.000*** 0.079 0.780 0.743 0.595
平均生物量 Average biomass 1.898 0.111 0.003 0.960 0.442 0.817
Margalef丰富度指数 Margalef species richness index (d) 2.068 0.087 1.923 0.172 0.417 0.835
Shannon-Wiener多样性指数 Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H') 5.878 0.000*** 8.001 0.007** 3.276 0.012*
Pielou均匀度指数 Pielou evenness index (J) 2.065 0.087 11.175 0.002** 3.148 0.016*
AZTI海洋生物指数 AZTI marine biotic index (AMBI) 2.844 0.024* 0.859 0.358 3.996 0.004*
多因子AZTI海洋生物指数 Multivariate-AZTI marine biotic index (M-AMBI) 10.962 0.000*** 7.369 0.009** 5.251 0.000***

Fig. 4

Diversity indices for mangrove mollusk communities in the west coast of Hainan Island"

Fig. 5

Cluster dendrogram for mangrove mollusk communities in the west coast of Hainan Island. S1-S16, Transects; R, Rainy season; D, Dry season."

Table 4

Results of AMBI and M-AMBI for each sites in the west coast of Hainan Island"

站位 Sites 生态分组I
EG I (%)
生态分组II
EG II (%)
生态分组III
EG III (%)
生态分组IV
EG IV (%)
生态分组V
EG V (%)
未分配率
Not
assigned (%)
Mean
AMBI
扰动等级
Disturbance
classification
M-AMBI 状态
Status
雨季 Rainy season
四必湾
Sibi Bay
83.0 16.7 0.0 0.3 0.0 6.8 0.296 无干扰
Undisturbed
0.708 优良
Good
儋州湾
Danzhou Bay
57.8 42.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 2.3 0.719 无干扰
Undisturbed
0.697 优良
Good
盐丁
Yanding
100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.500 中度干扰
Moderately
disturbed
0.134 恶劣
Bad
新盈湾
Xinying Bay
98.5 0.8 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.045 无干扰
Undisturbed
0.532 一般
Moderate
马袅湾
Maniao Bay
97.4 0.8 0.0 1.8 0.0 70.1 0.136 无干扰
Undisturbed
0.514 一般
Moderate
花场湾
Huachang Bay
97.0 2.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 7.3 0.092 无干扰
Undisturbed
0.639 优良
Good
旱季 Dry season
四必湾
Sibi Bay
86.4 13.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 15.7 0.348 无干扰
Undisturbed
0.679 优良
Good
儋州湾
Danzhou Bay
69.3 29.0 0.0 1.7 0.0 18.8 0.899 无干扰
Undisturbed
0.616 一般
Moderate
盐丁
Yanding
90.4 9.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 19.0 0.223 无干扰
Undisturbed
0.557 一般
Moderate
新盈湾
Xinying Bay
76.9 22.6 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.528 无干扰
Undisturbed
0.550 一般
Moderate
马袅湾
Maniao Bay
85.9 9.7 0.0 4.3 0.0 13.8 0.507 无干扰
Undisturbed
0.601 一般
Moderate
花场湾
Huachang Bay
90.2 7.0 0.0 2.8 0.0 4.3 0.501 无干扰
Undisturbed
0.775 优良
Good

Table 5

Comparison of mangrove mollusk diversity, density and biomass in Beibu Gulf"

调查地点 Research sites 种数
Species number
密度
Density (ind./m2)
生物量
Biomass (g/m2)
数据来源
Source of data
广西沿海 Guangxi Coast 117 - - Lai & He,
广西北仑河口 Beilun Estuary, Guangxi 49 - - He et al, 2012
广西防城港 Fangcheng Harbor, Guangxi 125 234 126 Liu, 2013
广西茅尾海 Maowei Sea, Guangxi 27 - - Zhuang et al, 2009
广西山口 Shankou, Guangxi 81 - - Fan et al, 2005
广东廉江高桥 Gaoqiao, Lianjiang, Guangdong 158 115 46 Liu, 2013
广东雷州半岛 Leizhou Peninsula, Guangdong 110 - - Han et al, 2004
海南东寨港 Dongzhai Harbor, Hainan 149 373 192 章慧, 2016
海南岛西海岸 West coast of Hainan 201 312 149 本文 This study
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