生物多样性 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (5): 689-694.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015100

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企业与生物多样性:《生物多样性公约》新议题的产生与谈判进展

王爱华1, 武建勇2, *(), 刘纪新1   

  1. 1 环境保护部环境保护对外合作中心, 北京 100035
    2 环境保护部南京环境科学研究所, 南京 210042
  • 收稿日期:2015-04-24 接受日期:2015-07-02 出版日期:2015-09-20
  • 通讯作者: 武建勇 E-mail:wujy10@hotmail.com
  • 基金项目:
    环境保护部“生物多样性保护专项”

Business and biodiversity: a review of the negotiation progress of a new issue under the Convention on Biological Diversity

Aihua Wang1, Jianyong Wu2, *(), Jixin Liu1   

  1. 1 Foreign Economic Corporation Center, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Beijing 100035
    2 Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Nanjing 210042
  • Received:2015-04-24 Accepted:2015-07-02 Online:2015-09-20
  • Contact: Wu Jianyong E-mail:wujy10@hotmail.com

《生物多样性公约》(以下简称《公约》)是三大环境国际公约之一。随着《公约》谈判的不断推进, 企业与生物多样性(Business and Biodiversity)逐渐由《公约》中的一个概念发展成为《公约》谈判中的一个重要议题。1996年召开的《公约》缔约方大会第三次会议(COP-3)首次提出企业(私营部门)参与生物多样性的概念后, COP-5将企业参与列入《公约》议题, COP-6正式将企业参与纳入《公约》全球战略, COP-8首次将企业参与生物多样性单独纳入《公约》决定, 并提出下一步开展推动企业参与生物多样性的做法, COP-9拟定了《企业优先行动框架(2008-2010年)》, COP-10决定开展企业参与生物多样性对话论坛。迄今为止, 《公约》秘书处共组织了4次全球企业界与生物多样性伙伴关系(Global Partnership for Business and Biodiversity, GPBB)论坛, 就这一议题进行专题交流和探讨。企业与生物多样性也是当前我国生物多样性管理工作中的一个新课题, 中国对此十分重视, 并派代表团参加了GPBB-3和GPBB-4两次会议。鉴于目前中国经济发展状况与生物多样性保护面临的形势, 作者提出以下建议: (1)积极参与国际合作, 利用GPBB国际平台适时宣传我国生物多样性和生态文明建设成果; (2)加强技术研究, 制定我国企业参与生物多样性的相关标准、规范或指南; (3)深化平台建设, 搭建企业参与的中国生物多样性伙伴关系; (4)建立跨部门的企业参与生物多样性协调机制。

关键词: 企业, 生物多样性, 保护, 伙伴关系

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is one of the three major environmental conventions. During the continuous process of CBD negotiation, Business and Biodiversity has gradually become an important issue for CBD. The concept was developed for the first time during the third meeting of the conference of the Parties (COP-3) to CBD in 1996. At COP-5, business participation was proposed as one of the issues of CBD. At COP-6, the issue of business participation was incorporated into the Global Strategy of CBD. At COP-8, this issue was included in CBD COP decisions for the first time, with new measures proposed to promote the private sector in biodiversity conservation. The Framework of Priority Actions on Business (2008-2010) was drawn up at COP-9. The CBD decided to launch a forum for business participation in biodiversity conservation. Thus far, the Convention Secretariat has organized four meetings for Global Partnership for Business and Biodiversity (GPBB), where issues of business participation in biodiversity are exchanged and discussed. In China, this is a new topic of current biodiversity governance work. The Chinese government has paid much attention to the issue and sent the Chinese Business and Biodiversity delegation to participate in the GPBB-3 and GPBB-4. Therefore, considering the status of the economy and biodiversity conservation in China, we should actively participate in the GPBB, to strengthen technology research, develop relevant standards and guidelines of business and biodiversity, deepen platform construction, and establish coordination mechanisms for business and biodiversity across sectors.

Key words: business, biodiversity, conservation, partnership

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