生物多样性 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (12): 1343-1347.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2018164

• 生物编目 • 上一篇    下一篇

运用红外相机调查云南巍山青华绿孔雀自然保护区的鸟兽多样性

李斌强1, 李鹏映1, 杨家伟2, 字红军2, 李兴权2, 段锡焕2, 罗旭1,*()   

  1. 1 西南林业大学西南山地森林资源保育与利用教育部重点实验室, 昆明 650224
    2 云南巍山青华绿孔雀自然保护区管护局, 云南巍山 614700
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-12 接受日期:2018-10-26 出版日期:2018-12-20 发布日期:2019-02-12
  • 通讯作者: 罗旭
  • 作者简介:# 共同第一作者
  • 基金资助:
    云南省野生动植物极小种群物种保护项目(2016)和西南林业大学林学一流学科(51600625)资助

Wildlife monitoring in Weishan Qinghua Green Peafowl Nature Reserve using infrared cameras, Yunnan Province

Binqiang Li1, Pengying Li1, Jiawei Yang2, Hongjun Zi2, Xingquan Li2, Xihuan Duan2, Xu Luo1,*()   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory for Forest Resources Conservation and Utilization in the Southwest Mountains of China, Ministry of Education, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224
    2 Management Bureau of Weishan Qinghua Green Peafowl Nature Reserve, Weishan, Yunnan 614700
  • Received:2018-06-12 Accepted:2018-10-26 Online:2018-12-20 Published:2019-02-12
  • Contact: Luo Xu
  • About author:# 同等贡献作者 Contributed equally to this work

摘要:

2016年10月至2017年9月, 作者在云南巍山青华绿孔雀自然保护区的核心区和缓冲区的28个监测位点布设红外相机, 累计监测6,377台日, 共获得独立有效照片1,692张, 其中兽类563张, 鸟类1,129张。鉴定出71种鸟类和兽类, 其中兽类13种, 分属5目11科; 鸟类58种, 分属9目23科。国家一级重点保护动物有2种, 即黑颈长尾雉(Syrmaticus humiae)和林麝(Moschus berezovskii); 国家二级重点保护动物有7种, 分别是黄喉貂(Martes flavigula)、松雀鹰(Accipiter virgatus)、普通鵟(Buteo japonicus)、白腹锦鸡(Chrysolophus amherstiae)、白鹇(Lophuar nycthemera)、领角鸮(Otus lettia)和灰林鸮(Strix aluco)。在《中国脊椎动物红色名录》中, 1种被评估为极危, 3种被评估为易危。CITES附录I收录的有1种, 附录II收录的有7种。物种相对丰富度最高的是黑领噪鹛(Garrulax pectoralis, 5.68), 其次是赤腹松鼠(Callosciurus erythraeus, 2.81)、赤麂(Muntiacus muntjak, 1.68)。本次物种调查结果可反映本保护区大、中型兽类和地栖性鸟类本底, 为保护区管理和野生动物长期监测提供了数据。

关键词: 鸟兽多样性, 红外相机, 物种丰富度

Abstract:

Between October 2016 and September 2017, we deployed 28 infrared cameras (6,377 camera trapping days) to detect bird and mammal species in Weishan Qinghua Green Peafowl Nature Reserve. We obtained 1,692 effective images (mammals n = 563; birds n = 1,129). From these images, we identified 13 mammal species from 5 orders and 11 families and 58 bird species from 9 orders and 23 families. Among these, Syrmaticus humiae and Moschus berezovskii are listed as national first-class protected species, and Martes flavigula, Accipiter virgatus, Buteo japonicus, Chrysolophus amherstiae, Lophuar nycthemera, Otus lettia, Strix aluco are listed as national second-class protected species. Of the species identified, 1 species is evaluated as Critically Endangered (CR) and 3 species as Vulnerable (VU) in the Red List of China’s Vertebrate. One species is also listed in Appendix I and 7 other species are in Appendix II of CITES. We found that Garrulax pectoralis had the highest relative abundance (5.68 effective images per 100 trap-days), followed by Callosciurus erythraeus (2.81) and Muntiacus muntjak (1.68). Our results provided the first record of large and mid-sized mammals and terrestrial birds from this nature reserve, thereby providing primary baseline data of wildlife resources for future management of biodiversity.

Key words: wildlife biodiversity, infrared camera, species richness