生物多样性 ›› 2011, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (6): 815-833.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2011.19125

所属专题: 中国的海洋生物多样性

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国重要海洋动物遗传多样性的研究进展

崔朝霞, 张峘, 宋林生*, 尤锋*   

  1. 中国科学院海洋研究所实验海洋生物学重点实验室, 青岛 266071
  • 收稿日期:2011-07-26 修回日期:2011-11-17 出版日期:2011-11-20 发布日期:2011-12-19
  • 通讯作者: 宋林生, 尤锋

Genetic diversity of marine animals in China: a summary and prospectiveness

Zhaoxia Cui, Huan Zhang, Linsheng Song*, Feng You*   

  1. Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071
  • Received:2011-07-26 Revised:2011-11-17 Online:2011-11-20 Published:2011-12-19
  • Contact: Linsheng Song, Feng You

摘要: 海洋动物遗传多样性的研究不仅可以揭示物种的起源与进化历史, 而且为遗传资源的保存、海水养殖动物育种和遗传改良及整个海洋生态环境的修复和稳定等工作提供理论依据。本文概述了近十几年来我国重要海洋动物(主要包括鱼类、虾蟹类和贝类)遗传多样性研究所取得的成果, 具体阐述其在种质鉴定、系统进化、群体遗传结构分析和良种培育等方面的应用, 以期进一步推动海洋动物遗传多样性研究, 加快优良种质的培育, 促进海水养殖业的健康发展, 实现海洋生物资源的合理开发和可持续利用。

Abstract: Genetic diversity can reflect the origin and evolution of species. It can also inform the practices of genetic conservation, breeding and genetic improvement, even stabilization of marine ecosystem. In the past two decades, accumulating studies have focused on the genetic diversity of major marine fish and shellfish in China. Here we summarize the achievements of this area and its application to taxonomy, germplasm identification, phylogenetic evolutionary biology, analysis of population genetic structure, genetic breeding and so on. We hope to provide new insights into research on genetic diversity of marine animals, and promote the healthy development of the aquaculture industry in order to achieve the management and sustainable use of marine animals.

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