生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (1): 11-19.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019172

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中国大型真菌红色名录评估方法和程序

王科1,2,刘冬梅3,蔡蕾4,吴海军1,2,李熠1,5,魏铁铮1,王永会1,2,吴红梅1,2,卫晓丹1,2,李斌斌1,2,李俊生3,*(),姚一建1,*()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院微生物研究所真菌学国家重点实验室, 北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
    3. 中国环境科学研究院国家环境保护区域生态过程与功能评估重点实验室, 北京 100012
    4. 生态环境部自然生态保护司, 北京 100035
    5. 扬州大学食品科学与工程学院, 江苏扬州 225127
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-23 接受日期:2019-07-09 出版日期:2020-01-20 发布日期:2019-12-13
  • 通讯作者: 李俊生,姚一建
  • 基金资助:
    生态环境部生物多样性调查评估项目(2019HJ2096001006)

Methods and procedures of the red list assessment of macrofungi in China

Ke Wang1,2,Dongmei Liu3,Lei Cai4,Haijun Wu1,2,Yi Li1,5,Tiezheng Wei1,Yonghui Wang1,2,Hongmei Wu1,2,Xiaodan Wei1,2,Binbin Li1,2,Junsheng Li3,*(),Yijian Yao1,*()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
    State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Regional Eco-process and Function Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
    Department of Nature and Ecology Conservation, Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Beijing 100035
    School of Food Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu 225127
  • Received:2019-05-23 Accepted:2019-07-09 Online:2020-01-20 Published:2019-12-13
  • Contact: Junsheng Li,Yijian Yao

摘要:

在中国大型真菌红色名录评估过程中, 根据大型真菌与动植物在生物学特性上的差异, 对IUCN物种红色名录标准做了适当调整, 形成了“中国大型真菌红色名录评估等级与标准”, 即: (1)依据可见的分布地点和子实体数量来估计、推测或判断种群的波动以及种群成熟个体数量的变化; (2)以一定的时间段代替世代时长来计算种群的变化情况; (3)将“疑似灭绝”作为一个独立的评估等级。评估基本数据来自于中国菌物名录数据库、真菌分类文献资料和专家咨询, 评估过程包括任务分工、数据收集、评估物种确定、建立评估表、初评、专家评审和编制红色名录等步骤, 最终完成《中国生物多样性红色名录——大型真菌卷》的编制。

关键词: IUCN, 红色名录等级和标准, 疑似灭绝, 大型真菌, 评估过程

Abstract:

In The Red List Assessment of Macrofungi in China project, the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria were adjusted according to differences in biological characteristics among plants, animals, and macrofungi. The adjustments are as follows: (1) population fluctuation and mature population members were estimated according to visible distribution and fruiting bodies, (2) a certain time period (rather than generation time) was used to calculate population change, (3) Possibly Extinct was added as an additional threatened category. The assessed data was based on the Checklist of Fungi in China database, fungal taxonomy literature, and expert consultation. Lastly, the Red List of China’s Biodiversity—Macrofungi was compiled via task assignment, data collection, assessed species verification, initial assessment, expert assessment, and red list compilation.

Key words: IUCN, red list categories and criteria, Possibly Extinct, macrofungi, assessment procedure