生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (8): 833-841.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019168

• • 上一篇    下一篇

东北大小兴安岭地区梅衣科岛衣类和袋衣类地衣物种多样性

任梅蓉1#, 杨秋霞2, 3#, 魏鑫丽2, 3, *()   

  1. 1. 西南林业大学生命科学学院, 昆明 650224
    2. 中国科学院微生物研究所真菌学国家重点实验室, 北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学生命科学学院, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-17 接受日期:2019-07-15 出版日期:2019-08-20
  • 通讯作者: 魏鑫丽 E-mail:weixl@im.ac.cn
  • 基金项目:
    科技部科技基础性工作专项(2014FY210400);国家自然科学基金面上项目(31770022)

Species diversity of Cetrarioid and Hypogymnioid lichens (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota) from the Greater and Lesser Khinggan Mountains in Northeast China

Meirong Ren1#, Qiuxia Yang2, 3#, Xinli Wei2, 3, *()   

  1. 1. College of Life Sciences, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224
    2. State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    3. College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2019-05-17 Accepted:2019-07-15 Online:2019-08-20
  • Contact: Wei Xinli E-mail:weixl@im.ac.cn

东北大小兴安岭地区是中国地衣的重要分布地之一, 蕴藏着丰富的地衣生物多样性。本研究基于259份标本馆馆藏及采集自东北大小兴安岭31个保护区的新鲜地衣标本, 结合形态学、解剖学、化学和DNA片段的综合分析, 鉴定并报道了该地区梅衣科岛衣类和袋衣类地衣11属31种, 包括环北极成分13种, 东亚成分11种, 世界广布成分3种, 中国特有成分3种, 欧亚成分1种。与之前记录和报道的该地区同类地衣物种组成进行对比, 结果显示隶属于2属的6种地衣在该地区未被重新发现, 表明这些地衣在该地区的分布可能大大萎缩乃至消失, 尤其是属于东亚成分的袋衣属2种: 粉袋衣(Hypogymnia farinacea)和日光山袋衣(H. nikkoensis), 自最初以东北大小兴安岭标本为凭证在中国报道分布后, 30余年未再新增任何标本信息, 日光山袋衣在近期中国大型真菌红色名录评估中被推测处于易危状态。

关键词: 大小兴安岭, 岛衣类, 袋衣类, 地衣, 分布

The Greater and Lesser Khinggan Mountains of Northeast China is one of the important distribution areas of lichens in China, where is rich in lichen biodiversity. 259 lichen specimens deposited in herbariums and freshly-collected from 31 nature reserves, were examined comprehensively considering morphology, anatomy, chemistry and DNA sequences. We identified and reported 31 species belonging to 11 cetrarioid and hypogymnioid genera of Parmeliaceae in this paper, including 13 species of circumpolar element, 11 species endemic to East Asia, three cosmopolitan species, three species endemic to China, and one species of Eurasian element. A comparison with the previous records of distribution for lichens in the region shows that six species belonging to two genera were not rediscovered in current study, implying a great reduction or even a possible retreat of distribution for these lichens, especially two species endemic to Asia, i.e. Hypogymnia farinacea and H. nikkoensis, no additional specimen information has been added for more than 30 years since they were initially reported from the Greater and Lesser Khinggan Mountains as new record to China, and H. nikkoensis has been estimated to be Vulnerable (VU) in the recent red list assessment of Chinese macrofungi.

Key words: the Greater and Lesser Khinggan Mountains, cetrarioid, hypogymnioid, lichen, distribution

图1

地衣体形态。A: 离心北极梅(HMAS-104211); B: 平坦北极梅(HMAS-104266); C: 肝褐岛衣(HMAS-15023); D: 白边岛衣(HMAS-15025); E: 细裂小岛衣(HMAS-15144); F: 卷黄岛衣(HMAS-22293); G: 雪黄岛衣(HMAS-109794); H: 硬袋衣(HMAS-143476); I: 暗粉袋衣(HMAS-81078); J: 肿果袋衣(HMAS-6692); K: 针芽袋衣(HMAS-81120); L: 串孔脆袋衣(HMAS-3533); M: 卷叶袋衣(HMAS-143522); N: 变袋衣(HMAS-81844); O: 袋衣(HMAS-143537)。"

图2

地衣体形态。A: 拟指袋衣(HMAS-21672); B: 亚壳袋衣(HMAS-12582); C: 腋圆袋衣(HMAS-81302); D: 亚洁袋衣粉芽变型(HMAS-30696); E:亚霜袋衣(HMAS-81688); F: 条袋衣(HMAS-81350); G: 云南袋衣(HMAS-81702); H: 暗褐衣(HMAS-32635); I: 粉芽山褐衣(HMAS-36159); J: 柯氏肾岛衣(HMAS-110666); K: 丽肾岛衣(HMAS-15385); L: 美洲土可曼衣(HMAS-14982); M: 小土可曼衣(HMAS-19006); N: 拉氏缘毛衣(HMAS-16737); O: 桧黄髓衣(HMAS-15184); P: 花黄髓衣 (HMAS-15115)。"

1 Chen JB ( 1994) Two new species of Hypogymnia. Acta Mycologica Sinica, 13, 107-110.(in Chinese)
[ 陈健斌 ( 1994) 袋衣属二新种. 真菌学报, 13, 107-110.]
2 Chen JB ( 2011) Lichens. In: Biodiversity Catalogue of Saihanwula Nature Reserve (eds Yong SP, Xing LL, Li GL), pp. 489-510. Inner Mongolia University Press.(in Chinese)
[ 陈健斌 (2011) 地衣. 见:赛罕乌拉自然保护区生物多样性编目(雍世鹏, 邢莲莲, 李桂林主编), 489-510页. 内蒙古大学出版社, 呼和浩特.]
3 Chen JB (2015) Flora Lichenum Sinicorum, Vol. 4, Parmeliaceae (I). Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[ 陈健斌 (2015) 中国地衣志第四卷:梅衣科(I). 科学出版社, 北京.]
4 Chen JB, Wu JN, Wei JC (1989) Lichens of Shennongjia. In: Fungi and Lichens of Shennongjia (ed. Mycological and Lichenological Expedition to Shennongjia, Academia Sinica), pp. 386-493. World Publishing Corporation, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[ 陈健斌, 吴继农, 魏江春 ( 1989) 神农架地衣. 见: 神农架真菌和地衣(中国科学院神农架真菌地衣考察队编), 386-493页. 世界图书出版公司, 北京.]
5 Chen XL ( 1986) Study on Peltigera in Northeast China. Acta Mycologica Sinica, 5, 18-29.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 陈锡龄 ( 1986) 中国东北地区地卷属地衣的研究. 真菌学报, 5, 18-29.]
6 Chen XL, Zhao CF, Luo GY (1981) A list of lichens in N. E. China. Journal of North-Eastern Forestry Institute, 3, 127-135.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 陈锡龄, 赵从福, 罗光裕 ( 1981) 东北地衣名录. 东北林学院学报, 3, 127-135.]
7 Crespo A, Kauff F, Divakar PK, del Prado R ( 2010) Phylogenetic generic classification of parmelioid lichens (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota) based on molecular, morphological and chemical evidence. Taxon, 59, 1735-1753.
8 Culberson CF ( 1972) Improved conditions and new data for the identification of lichen products by a standardized thin-layer chromatographic method. Journal of Chromatography, 72, 113-125.
9 Culberson CF, Kristinsson H ( 1970) A standardized method for the identification of lichen products. Journal of Chromatography, 46, 85-93.
10 Divakar PK, Crespo A, Kraichak E, Leavitt SD, Singh G, Schmitt I, Lumbsch HT ( 2017) Using a temporal phylogenetic method to harmonize family- and genus-level classification in the largest clade of lichen-forming fungi. Fungal Diversity, 84, 101-117.
11 Divakar PK, Wei XL, McCune B, Cubas P, Boluda CG, Leavitt SD, Crespo A, Tchabanenko S, Lumbsch HT ( 2019) Parallel Miocene dispersal events explain the cosmopolitan distribution of the Hypogymnioid lichens. Journal of Biogeography, 46, 945-955.
12 Esslinger TL ( 1977) A chemosystematic revision of the brown Parmeliae. Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory, 42, 1-211.
13 Gao XQ (1988) Xanthoparmelia from the Daxinganling Mountains in China. Acta Mycologica Sinica, 7, 29-35.
14 Gardes M, Bruns T (1993) ITS primers with enhanced specificity for basidiomycetes—Application to the identification of mycorrhizae and rusts. Molecular Ecology, 2, 113-118.
15 Hale ME (1986) Arctoparmelia, a new genus in the Parmeliaceae (Ascomycotina). Mycotaxon, 25, 251-254.
16 Hall TA (1999) BioEdit: A user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/ NT. Nucleic Acids Symposium Series, 41, 95-98.
17 Hansen ES (2000) A contribution to the lichen flora of the Kangerlussuaq area, West Greenland. Cryptogamie Mycologie, 21, 53-59.
18 Jiang YM, Wei JC (1990) A new species of Hypogymnia. Acta Mycologica Sinica, 9, 293-295.(in Chinese)
[ 姜玉梅, 魏江春 (1990) 袋衣属一新种. 真菌学报, 9, 293-295.]
19 Kurokawa S ( 1971) Nomenclature of Japanese taxa of Hypogymnia and Menegazzia. Miscellanea Bryologica et Lichenologica, 5, 129-130.
20 Kurokawa S (2003) Checklist of Japanese Lichens. National Science Museum, Tokyo.
21 Lai MJ (1980) Studies on the cetrarioid lichens in Parmeliaceae of East Asia (I). Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum, 33, 215-229.
22 Lai MJ, Chen XL, Qian ZG, Xu L, Ahti T ( 2009) Cetrarioid lichen genera and species in NE China. Annales Botanici Fennici, 46, 365-380.
23 Lai MJ, Qian ZG, Xu L (1991) Synopsis of the Cetrarioid lichen genera and species (Parmeliaceae, lichenized Ascomycotina) in China. Journal of the ‘National’ Taiwan Museum, 60, 45-62.
24 Liu DL, Wei XL, Li CX ( 2018) Hypogymnia incurvoides, a new record of lichen species in China. Shandong Science, 31, 110-112.
(in Chinese) [ 刘大乐, 魏鑫丽, 李翠新 (2018) 中国地衣一新记录种——卷叶袋衣. 山东科学, 31, 110-112.]
25 Lücking R, Hodkinson BP, Leavitt SD (2017) The 2016 classification of lichenized fungi in the Ascomycota and Basidiomycota—Approaching one thousand genera. The Bryologist, 119, 361-416.
26 Luo GY ( 1986) The preliminary study of Hypogymnia (lichen) from North Eastern China. Bulletin of Botanical Research, 6(3), 155-167.(in Chinese)
[ 罗光裕 ( 1986) 东北袋衣属(地衣)的初步研究. 植物研究, 6(3), 155-167.]
27 McCune B, Wang LS (2014) The lichen genus Hypogymnia in southwest China. Mycosphere, 5, 27-76.
28 Obermayer W ( 2004) Additions to the lichen flora of the Tibetan region. Bibliotheca Lichenologica, 88, 479-526.
29 Paulson R (1925) Lichens of Mount Everest. The London Journal of Botany, 63, 189-193.
30 Randlane T, Saag A, Thell A, Ahti T (2013) Third World List of Cetrarioid Lichens. Ver. January 20, . (accessed on 2019-03-05
31 Rassadina KA ( 1950) The Cetrariae of the USSR. -Plantae Cryptogamae, Acta Instituti Botanici Academiae Scientiarum Unions Rerum Publicarum Soveti-carum Socialisticarum, 5, 171-304. [in Russian]
32 Rassadina KA ( 1967) Species et formae Hypogymniae novae et curiosae. Novitates Systematicae Plantarum non Vascularium. Academia Scientiarum URSS Institutum Botanicum nomine V. L. Komarovii, Leningrad, 1967, 289-300. (in Russian)
33 Rassadina KA (1973) Formae et combinationes Parmeliacearum novae in determinatorio lichenum URSS, Fasc. 1 acceptae. Novitates Systematicae Plantarum non Vascularium. Academia Scientiarum URSS Institutum Botanicum nomine V. L. Komarovii, Leningrad, 10, 196-200. (in Russian)
34 Rogers SO, Bendich AJ (1988) Extraction of DNA from plant tissues. In: Plant Molecular Biology Manual, A6 (eds Gelvin SB, Schilperoort RA, Verma DPS), pp. 1-10. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.
35 Sato MM ( 1939) Parmeliaceae (I). In: Nova Flora Japonica 5 (eds Nakai T, Hondo M), pp. 1-87. Sanseido,Tokyo and Osaka. (in Japanese)
36 Sato MM (1952) Lichenes Khinganenses, or a list of lichens collected by Prof. T. Kira in the Khingan Range, Manchuria. The Botanical Magazine, Tokyo, 65, 172-175.
37 Stamatakis A ( 2014) RAxML version 8: a tool for phylogenetic analysis and post-analysis of large phylogenies. Bioinformatics, 30, 1312-1313.
38 Sun LY, Zhao ZT, Jia ZF (2000) An investigation of lichens of Saihanwula National Nature Reserve zone of Nei Monggol Autonomous Region. Shandong Science, 13(4), 35-38. [in Chinese]
[ 孙立彦, 赵遵田, 贾泽峰 (2000) 内蒙古自治区赛罕乌拉国家自然保护区地衣的初步研究. 山东科学, 13(4), 35-38.]
39 Thell A, Crespo A, Divakar PK, Kärnefelt I, Leavitt SD, Lumbsch HT, Seaward MRD ( 2012) A review of the lichen family Parmeliaceae—History, phylogeny and current taxonomy. Nordic Journal of Botany, 30, 641-664.
40 Umezu Y (2002) Materials for the distribution of lichens in Japan (11). Journal of Japanese Botany, 77, 356.
41 Wei JC ( 1981) Lichenes sinenses exsiccati (Fasc. I: 1-50). Bulletin of Botanical Research, 1, 81-91.
(in Chinese) [ 魏江春 ( 1981) 中国地衣标本集(第一辑: 第1-50号). 植物研究, 1, 81-91.]
42 Wei JC ( 1986) Notes on some isidiate species of Hypogymnia in Asia. Acta Mycologica Sinica, (Suppl. I), 379-385.
43 Wei JC ( 2019) The Enumertion of Lichenized Fungi in China. China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing. (in press)
44 Wei JC, Jiang YM (1981) A biogeographical analysis of the lichen flora of Mt. Qomolangma region in Xizang. In: Proceedings of Symposium on Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau 2 (ed. Liu DS), pp. 1145-1151. Science Press and Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, Beijing and New York.
45 Wei JC, Jiang YM (1986) Lichens of Xizang. Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[ 魏江春, 姜玉梅 ( 1986) 西藏地衣. 科学出版社, 北京.]
46 Wei XL, Wei JC (2012) A study of the pruinose species of Hypogymnia (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota) from China. The Lichenologist, 44, 783-793.
47 White TJ, Bruns T, Lee SJ, Taylor JL (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: PCR Protocols: A Guide to Methods and Applications (eds Innis MA, Gelfand DH, Sninsky JJ, White TJ), pp. 315-322. Academic Press, New York.
48 Wu JL (1985) The lichens collected from the steppe of Xinjiang. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 23, 73-78.(in Chinese)
[ 吴金陵 (1985) 新疆草原地衣. 植物分类学报, 23, 73-78.]
49 Wu JN, Xiang T, Qian ZG ( 1982) Notes on Wuyi Mountain lichens (I). Wuyi Science Journal, ( 2), 9-13.(in Chinese)
[ 吴继农, 项汀, 钱之广 ( 1982) 武夷山地衣杂记 (一). 武夷科学, (2), 9-13.]
50 Xu BS (1989) Cryptogamic Flora of the Yangtze Delta and Adjacent Regions. Shanghai Scientific & Technical Publishers, Shanghai.(in Chinese)
[ 徐炳声 (1989) 长江三角洲及邻近地区孢子植物志. 上海科学技术出版社, 上海.]
51 Yoshimura I (1974) Lichen Flora of Japan in Color. Hoikusha Publishing Company, Limited, Osaka.(in Japanese)
[ 吉村庸 ( 1974) 原色日本地衣植物图鉴. 保育社出版有限公司, 大阪.]
52 Zahlbruckner A (1930) Lichenes in Handel-Mazzetti. Symbolae Sinicae, 3, 193-199.
53 Zahlbruckner A ( 1934) Nachtrage zur Flechten Flora Chinas. Hedwigia, 74, 195-213. [in German]
54 Zhang T, Li HM, Wei JC ( 2006) The lichens of Mts. Fanjingshan in Guizhou Province. Journal of Fungal Research, 4, 1-13.
55 Zhao JD (1964) A preliminary study on Chinese Parmelia. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 9, 139-166.(in Chinese)
[ 赵继鼎 ( 1964) 中国梅花衣属的研究. 植物分类学报, 9, 139-166.]
[1] 史晓昀,施小刚,胡强,官天培,付强,张剑,姚蒙,李晟. 四川邛崃山脉雪豹与散放牦牛潜在分布重叠与捕食风险评估[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(9): 951-959.
[2] 李顺,邹亮,宫一男,杨海涛,王天明,冯利民,葛剑平. 激光雷达技术在动物生态学领域的研究进展[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(9): 1021-1031.
[3] 刘沿江,李雪阳,梁旭昶,刘炎林,程琛,李娟,汤飘飘,齐惠元,卞晓星,何兵,邢睿,李晟,施小刚,杨创明,薛亚东,连新明,阿旺久美,谢然尼玛,宋大昭,肖凌云,吕植. “在哪里”和“有多少”? 中国雪豹调查与空缺[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(9): 919-931.
[4] 吕美林, 刘泽, 宋震, 王亚宁, 刘小勇. 大兴安岭地区可培养毛霉门真菌多样性与分布[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(8): 821-832.
[5] 图力古尔, 王雪珊, 张鹏. 大小兴安岭地区伞菌和牛肝菌类区系[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(8): 867-873.
[6] 崔宝凯, 袁海生, 周丽伟, 何双辉, 魏玉莲. 大小兴安岭针叶树倒木上木腐真菌的物种多样性[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(8): 887-895.
[7] 焦萌, 李晶, 赵慧峰, 武春生, 张爱兵. 基于在线数据库的鳞翅目刺蛾科昆虫物种多样性及其全球分布格局[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(7): 778-786.
[8] 顾菡娇, 张参参, 汪金松, 施雪文, 夏瑞雪, 刘斌, 陈伏生, 卜文圣. 中国竹类植物基本形态学功能性状的比较[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(6): 585-594.
[9] 张晓玲, 李亦超, 王芸芸, 蔡宏宇, 曾辉, 王志恒. 未来气候变化对不同国家茶适宜分布区的影响[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(6): 595-606.
[10] 娄明华, 白超, 惠刚盈, 汤孟平. 7个林木大小多样性指数表达能力比较[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(4): 449-456.
[11] 李强, 王彬, 邓云, 林露湘, 达佤扎喜, 张志明. 西双版纳热带雨林林窗空间分布格局及其特征数与林窗下植物多样性的相关性[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(3): 273-285.
[12] 颜文博,吉晟男,帅凌鹰,赵雷刚,朱大鹏,曾治高. 秦岭南坡陕西洋县辖区哺乳动物物种多样性的空间分布格局[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(2): 177-185.
[13] 范靖宇, 李汉芃, 杨琢, 朱耿平. 基于本土最优模型模拟入侵物种水盾草在中国的潜在分布[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(2): 140-148.
[14] 李通,李俊凝,魏玉莲. 古田山国家级自然保护区木腐真菌物种多样性及分布[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(1): 81-87.
[15] 任鹏,余建平,陈小南,申小莉,宋虓,张田田,余永泉,丁平. 古田山国家级自然保护区白颈长尾雉的分布格局及其季节变化[J]. 生物多样性, 2019, 27(1): 13-23.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed