Biodiv Sci ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (10): 22531.  DOI: 10.17520/biods.2022531

• Reviews • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Bio-inventory in China: Progress and perspectives

Jianping Jiang1,*(), Cheng Du2, Bing Liu3,*(), Ke Wang4, Lei Cai4,*(), Qiang Li5, Xiaolei Huang5,*()   

  1. 1. Herpetological Biodiversity and Conservation Laboratory, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041
    2. Eastern China Conservation Centre for Wild Endangered Plant Resources, Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden, Shanghai 201602
    3. State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
    4. Fungarium, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    5. State Key Laboratory of Ecological Pest Control for Fujian and Taiwan Crops, College of Plant Protection, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002
  • Received:2022-09-17 Accepted:2022-11-01 Online:2022-10-20 Published:2022-11-08
  • Contact: Jianping Jiang,Bing Liu,Lei Cai,Xiaolei Huang

Abstract:

Background: Bio-inventory practices, including discovering and describing species, establishing reliable biological classification systems, compiling authoritative and timely species catalogues, and digitizing and sharing biodiversity information, are of great significance for biodiversity studies, biodiversity resource management, science-based policy-making, and social and economic development.
Review results: In this article, based on a comprehensive review on literature and public databases, we summarize the progress of bio-inventory work on vertebrates, insects and other invertebrates, plants, and fungi in China in recent years. We also share perspectives for future bio-inventory work. Available data show that in China there are at least 698 recorded mammal species, 1,450 bird species, 586 reptile species, 611 amphibian species, 1,591 freshwater fish species, 38,493 higher plant species (including 35,379 vascular plant species), and about 27,900 fungi species, but there are no species catalogues for all Chinese insects and other invertebrates. In the last decade, 5 new families, 86 new genera, 2,090 new species and 374 new records of vascular plants, and 4,679 new fungi species belonging to 36 classes, 140 orders, 438 families and 1,372 genera, have been reported in China.
Perspectives: Bio-inventory is growing in importance at the global and regional levels, and encouraging progress has been made in this field in China. However, new species descriptions for invertebrates and fungi, catalogues of many organismal groups, and digitization and integration of biodiversity information are especially needed in future research.

Key words: biodiversity, taxonomy, species catalogue, digitization