Biodiv Sci ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (10): 1246-1254.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2020040

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Functional orientation and spatial attribute analysis of the National Park Planning System of China

Xiaoping Tang*()   

  1. Academy of Forest Inventory and Planning/National Park Monitoring and Evaluation Research Center, State Forestry and Grassland Administration, Beijing 100714
  • Received:2020-02-13 Accepted:2020-05-19 Online:2020-10-20 Published:2020-10-20
  • Contact: Xiaoping Tang

Abstract:

China will construct a unified land and space planning system, plan the overall pattern of land and space development and protection, and increase the amount of guidance and restraint on various spatial plans. These changes will have a significant impact on the national park protection system. Here, we analyze the the national park planning system from a land and space planning perspective. The national park planning system includes attributes for space planning and development planning. Therefore, there should be a priority placed on the land space and planning systems. In addition, there should be a focus on the analysis of the function of the overall national park master plan for the space planning system. As a spatial plan, it is necessary to implement the control indicators and management requirements of a higher-level spatial plan for national parks. As a construction plan, it is important to undertake the higher-level or national economic development planning requirements for the target tasks in national parks. Finally, as a management plan, there must be clear requirments for smoothly running the national parks. National parks should seek innovation in special planning such as zone planning, regulatory detailed planning, and exploring the implementation mode for national park use control.

Key words: national park, nature protected area, land and space planning, master plan, use control